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CGIAR Research Program 6 - An overview


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Forests are cut, temperatures rise and biodiversity is lost. The poor become poorer and indigenous cultures disappear. With the rise in temperatures, fires increase, droughts lengthen, floods spread, and pests and diseases affecting livestock and plants adapt and multiply. What many are calling a 'perfect storm' gathers strength and the impact rolls across the developing world from the forests to the farms to the atmosphere. This scenario stems in large measure from the poor management of our forests, trees and wild genetic resources.

The CGIAR research program outlined in this presentation brings together four of the world's leading research centres in their respective subjects - the World Agroforestry Centre, CIFOR, CIAT and Bioversity - and channels them toward a clear objective: enhancing the management and use of forests, agroforestry and tree genetic resources across the landscape from forests to farms.

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CGIAR Research Program 6 - An overview

  1. 1. Forests, Trees and Agroforestry -An overview<br />
  2. 2. CGIAR strategic objectives<br /><ul><li>Create and accelerate sustainable increases in the productivity and production of healthy food by and for the poor
  3. 3. Conserve, enhance and sustainably use natural resources and biodiversity to improve the livelihoods of the poor in response to climate change and other factors
  4. 4. Promote policy and institutional change that will stimulate agricultural growth and equity to benefit the poor, especially rural women and other disadvantaged groups</li></li></ul><li>Why are forests important?<br />90% of the 1.4 billion people living in extreme poverty depend on forest resources for some part of their livelihoods<br />Forest-based activities in developing countries provide about 30 million informal jobs, and as much as 80% of formal sector jobs in Congo Basin<br />Forests conservatively provide US$250 billion in various types of income<br />Forests contain 80% of the Earth’s terrestrial biodiversity<br />In Africa, more than 90% of wood removals from forest/woodland are for fuel<br />Deforestation and land use change contribute 12–18% of the world’s total annual carbon emissions<br />Bush meat accounts for around 80% of the protein in take of people living in Central African forests<br />
  5. 5. The forests/trees/agroforestry piece<br />
  6. 6. Consultative development process<br />7 February: Full draft proposal re-<br />submitted to Consortium Board<br />25 January: 18 partners provide comments <br />19 January 2011: Revised draft sent to 100+ partners<br />24 December: Consortium Board + 4 independent reviewers<br /> provide comment on full draft <br />6 September: Full draft submitted to Consortium Board<br />27 August: 34 partners provide comments <br />14 July: Full draft proposal sent to 171 partners<br />5 July: 73 respondents agree to provide comment on full draft proposal <br />27 May 2010: 20 page concept note sent to 328 partners <br />
  7. 7. Components<br />Smallholder production systems and markets<br />Management and conservation of forest and tree resources<br />Environmental services and landscape management<br />Climate change adaptation and mitigation<br />Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people<br />
  8. 8. Conceptual framework<br />
  9. 9. 1<br />Smallholder production systems and markets<br />Component<br />Research<br />themes<br /><ul><li>Enhancing management and production systems for smallholders (food security and nutrition)
  10. 10. Increasing income generation and market integration for smallholders
  11. 11. Improving policy and institutions to enhance social assets to secure rights in forest- and tree-dependent communities</li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 1 outcome<br /><ul><li>ICRAF collaboration with Unilever, SNV, and IUCN on improving propagation, survival, and growth rates supported smallholders to plant 100,000 improved Allanblackia seedlings.</li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 1 research<br /><ul><li>CIFOR’s Poverty and Environment Network study of forest-based contributions to incomes in more than 8,000 households
  12. 12. 40 study sites in 25 developing countries
  13. 13. Income and other socio-economic and environmental data, collected on a quarterly basis over a 12-month period
  14. 14. Majority of research carried out by 38 partners (mainly PhD students) from Asia, Africa & Latin America</li></li></ul><li>2<br />Management and conservation of forest and tree resources<br />Component<br />Research<br />themes<br /><ul><li>Understanding threats to important tree species and formulating genetic conservation strategies
  15. 15. Conserving and characterizing high-quality germplasm of important tree crops and their wild relatives
  16. 16. Developing improved silvicultural, monitoring and management practices for multiple use
  17. 17. Developing tools and methods to resolve conflicts over distribution of benefits and resource rights</li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 2 outcome<br /><ul><li>CIFOR assistance to the Forestry Stewardship Council’s efforts to refine FSC standards for small-scale operations with prospective application in Brazil, Cameroon, and Mexico </li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 2 research<br /><ul><li>CIFOR research on barriers to integration of timber and Brazil nut production in the Western Amazon</li></li></ul><li>3<br />Environmental services and landscape management<br />Component<br />Research<br />themes<br /><ul><li>Understanding drivers of forest transition
  18. 18. Understanding the consequences of forest transition for environmental services and livelihoods
  19. 19. Learning landscapes: dynamics of multi-functionality</li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 3 outcome<br />Action research undertaken by CIFOR and ICRAF on co-management of forests between local communities and government in Guinea led to a decrease in the incidence of fire, improved wildlife habitat, and increases in local incomes.<br />
  20. 20. Example of Component 3 research<br />CIFOR analysis of tenure constraints to PES-based approaches to forest conservation in Brazil<br />Competitiveness of REDD supply<br />Bottleneck: Land tenure chaos<br />Legend<br />Unknown tenure 53%<br />Indigenous lands 9%<br />Agricultural settlements 10%<br />PA for sustainable use 9%<br />Community lands <1%<br />Registered properties 1%<br />Cities<br />Roads<br />State limits<br />Water<br />Sources: IBAMA, INCRA 2007, Soares-Filho et al. 2006<br />
  21. 21. 4<br />Climate change adaptation and mitigation<br />Component<br />Research<br />themes<br /><ul><li>Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for climate change mitigation
  22. 22. Enhancing climate change adaptation
  23. 23. Understanding synergies between climate change mitigation and adaptation</li></li></ul><li>Links between CRP6 and CRP 7<br />Theme 1<br />Theme 2<br />Theme 3<br />Theme 3<br />Theme 1 and 2<br />Theme 4<br />Mitigation<br />Adaptation<br />Mitigation-adaptation synergies<br />Pro-poor <br />CC mitigation<br />Adaptation to progressive CC and through managing climate risk<br />Integration for decision making<br />CRP6, Component 4<br />CRP 7<br />Lessons from mitigation & forest: application to agriculture<br />Agriculture as a driver of deforestation<br />Landscape approach to mitigation, including MRV, inst. arrangements, etc<br />Integrated approach to adaptation and mitigation in landscapes and policies<br />Data, approaches, tools and methods for adaptation<br />Landscape and multi sectoral approach to adaptation<br />
  24. 24. Example of Component 4 outcome<br />Joint CIFOR-CATIE research on tropical forests and climate change adaptation in Honduras influenced the design of one of the first projects ever approved by the UNFCCC’s Adaptation Fund Board<br />
  25. 25. Example of Component 4 research<br />Learning from REDD: A global comparative analysis<br />
  26. 26. 5<br />Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people<br />Component<br />Research<br />themes<br /><ul><li>Understanding the processes and impacts of forest-related trade and investment
  27. 27. Enhancing responses and policy options to mitigate the negative impacts and enhance the positive impacts of trade and investment</li></li></ul><li>Example of Component 5 outcome<br />CIFOR’s research on Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry helped avert the loss of 135,000 hectares of natural tropical rainforest, valued at US$ 133 million in carbon emissions. <br />
  28. 28. Examples of Component 5 research<br />
  29. 29. Cross-cutting themes<br />Tenure<br />Common methods across components<br />Capacity-building<br />Assessing gaps relevant to research, policy and practice<br />Knowledge sharing and communications<br /><ul><li> Developing learning communities</li></li></ul><li>Approach:<br />Gender disaggregated data collection and analysis<br />Gender appropriate research methods<br />Partnerships with key organizations to build capacity & share knowledge<br />Example of research:<br />CIFOR study on barriers to women’s participation in forest decision-making and benefit-sharing in Nicaragua and Uganda<br />Cross cutting themes: Gender<br />
  30. 30. Sentinel Landscapes<br /><ul><li>Follows key recommendation from the 2009 Stripe social science review commissioned by the CGIAR Science Council
  31. 31. Builds on the CGIAR’s comparative advantage to conduct long-term, comparative research
  32. 32. Generates data about the drivers and impacts of land use change, as well as approaches to threats and benefits for environmental resilience and the poor
  33. 33. Integrates research and impact pathways to exploit potential synergies across all CRP6 components</li></li></ul><li>International, national and local partnerships<br />
  34. 34. Communications and knowledge sharing<br />
  35. 35. Knowledge sharing highlights<br />