CRP6: Elements of a strategy for gender-         responsive research   Esther Mwangi, Delia Catacutan, Riina Jalonen      ...
 Walk through CRP6 gender (the research; the strategy) Highlight activities in 2012 workplan Feedback: is 2012 workplan...
Gender in the CRPs CGIAR new research for development strategy Commitment to incorporate gender via new research    port...
Gender in CRP6 (ICRW reflection)The majority of CRPs are gender-neutral…. only five CRP  proposals integrated gender in or...
Strategies for gender-responsive             researchCollection of sex-disaggregated data multiple methodologies to gener...
Strategies for gender-responsive            research (2)Partnerships and alliances informing research e.g. problem identi...
Strategies for gender-responsive            research (3)Knowledge sharing Synthesis, documentation and dissemination of  ...
Strategies for gender-responsive            research (4)Adaptive learning develop and track indicators of inclusion, impr...
Table 1. Consideration of gender differentials and equality across the research components      Theme                     ...
Theme 1: Research questionsWhat are the most important criteria for             How do criteria and priorities of men and ...
Gender theme workplan 2012                      Activity                                          DeliverableGender disagg...
Are 2012 activities relevant in light       of our discussions? Incorporating gender concerns in our work in diverse ways...
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Elements of a strategy for gender-responsive research

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Including considerations of gender in research takes conscious effort and should be part of a project’s workplan from the very beginning. In this presentation, CIFOR scientist Esther Mwangi walks through strategies for gender-responsive research, using the different components of CGIAR Research Programme 6 (Forests, Trees and Agroforestry) as an example. She gave this presentation on 8 March 2012 to help CRP6 Component 2 researchers discuss including gender in activities on the programme’s 2012 workplan. The presentation was part of the recent Component 2 planning meeting in Rome. For more information about CRP6, visit www.cifor.org/crp6/.

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Elements of a strategy for gender-responsive research

  1. 1. CRP6: Elements of a strategy for gender- responsive research Esther Mwangi, Delia Catacutan, Riina Jalonen 8 March 2012 - Rome THINKING beyond the canopy
  2. 2.  Walk through CRP6 gender (the research; the strategy) Highlight activities in 2012 workplan Feedback: is 2012 workplan relevant for Component 2? THINKING beyond the canopy
  3. 3. Gender in the CRPs CGIAR new research for development strategy Commitment to incorporate gender via new research portfolio (the CRPs) Careful integration of gender into research objectives, technology development, diffusion and extension strategies, and evaluation frameworks Gender analysis as a critical component of agricultural research – one that can help CGIAR scientists develop products that are responsive to the needs, preferences and capabilities of farmers (women as well as men) THINKING beyond the canopy
  4. 4. Gender in CRP6 (ICRW reflection)The majority of CRPs are gender-neutral…. only five CRP proposals integrated gender in original and effective ways. • • CRP 1.3 (Harnessing the Development Potential of Aquatic Agricultural Systems for the Poor and Vulnerable) • • CRP 2 (Policies, Institutions and Markets to Strengthen Assets and Agricultural Incomes for the Poor) • • CRP 3.4 (Roots, Tubers and Bananas for Food Security and Income) • • CRP 3.7 (More Meat, Milk and Fish by and for the Poor) • • CRP 6 (Forests and Trees: Livelihoods, Landscapes and Governance) PARTNERS: SAFORGEN, SYAMPUNGANI, CATIE, FAO, IUCN, CIRAD, I RD, FFPRI, WB THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. Strategies for gender-responsive researchCollection of sex-disaggregated data multiple methodologies to generate insights a premium on participatory techniques (inclusion, learning, empowerment) sentinel sites, established in diverse settings: monitoring change and assessing impacts of specific policy and/or practice Training programs/workshops: tools and skills for collecting sex-disaggregated data and gender relations. THINKING beyond the canopy
  6. 6. Strategies for gender-responsive research (2)Partnerships and alliances informing research e.g. problem identification and prioritisation avenues for uptake and adoption raising awareness and mobilising action toward gender inclusion Pathways to impacts Multiple levels: local, national, regional, international THINKING beyond the canopy
  7. 7. Strategies for gender-responsive research (3)Knowledge sharing Synthesis, documentation and dissemination of knowledge generated from gender dimensions of our research • e.g. factors that enhance/constrain women’s/men’s ‘participation’ good practice guides, training guides, policy briefings and scientific articles THINKING beyond the canopy
  8. 8. Strategies for gender-responsive research (4)Adaptive learning develop and track indicators of inclusion, improved gender equity evaluate effectiveness improve data collection and analysis systems quantitative and qualitative indicators critical analysis of activities/outputs for incorporation of new knowledge THINKING beyond the canopy
  9. 9. Table 1. Consideration of gender differentials and equality across the research components Theme Issues across research components Key research strategiesKnowledge, Priorities for tree and forest species, traits, land uses and products (C1–C5) Participatory research and identification ofpreferences and Value chains and enterprise opportunities for tree and forest products (C1, C2) topicspriorities reflected Sex-disaggregated data Priority resources and mitigated impacts in climate change adaptation (C4)in identification of Specific priorities of women: postharvest processing (C1, C2), bioenergy for Gender analysis for understanding theresearch topics household consumption (C4), fruit trees (C2) underlying factorsNegative impacts Trade-offs between land uses and livelihoods, and displacement of user groups Participatory research and identification ofidentified and during forest transitions (C3), market integration (C5), payments for topicsavoided/mitigated environmental services (PES) (C3) and REDD+ projects (C4) and Sex-disaggregated data conservation actions (C2) Gender analysis for understanding the Policies and strategies on tenure rights (C1–C5), ecosystem management (C2, underlying factors C3), REDD+ (C4), trade and investment flows (C5) and conservation (C2) Knowledge sharing and tools development Impacts of climate change (C4), loss of ecosystem services (C3) and biodiversity (C2) on priority systems, products and servicesDifferential access Access to and control of land and tree resources during changing land uses, Participatory research and identification ofand ability to policies and markets (C1–C5) topicsadopt materials, Approaches and tools in ecosystem and tree management (C1–C3) Sex-disaggregated datamethods and Approaches and tools in climate change adaptation and mitigation projects (C3) Gender analysis for understanding theknowledge Targeted extension and training approaches (C1–C4) underlying factorsaccounted for inactivities Access to inputs, markets and market information on forest and tree products Participatory scenario building and planning (C1, C5), PES (C3) and REDD+ (C4) Knowledge sharing and tools development Outcome mappingEquitable Obtaining and securing tenure rights during intensification (C1), forest Participatory research and identification ofparticipation in transitions (C3), market integration (C5), development of markets for topicsand ability to ecosystem services (C3) and REDD+ (C4), and conservation actions (C2) Gender analysis for understanding theinfluence Negotiation power on land uses and trade-offs with external actors: local and underlying factorsdecision-making national authorities (C1–C5), market actors and industries (C1–C5), Alliances built with policy and advocacyprocesses international climate policies (C4) and conservation NGOs (C2, C3) communitiesenhanced Design of policies and strategies for tree and ecosystem management (C1–C3), Knowledge sharing and tools development PES (C3), climate change mitigation and adaptation (C4), trade, investment Sex-disaggregated data and land acquisition (C5) and conservation (C2) Distribution of incomes from tree and forest products (C1, C2, C5), PES (C3) and REDD+ projects (C4) Reconciling needs and managing conflicts in resource use within households and communities (C1–C5) THINKING beyond the canopy
  10. 10. Theme 1: Research questionsWhat are the most important criteria for How do criteria and priorities of men and women differ?identifying priority tree species and populations How can understanding the different gender roles helpfor conservation action at subnational, national address these priorities? How could the different prioritiesand regional levels? expressed be considered more equally when defining common priorities?What are the status, trends threats and major Do men and women value species and traits differently anddrivers of loss of intra- and interspecific forest play different roles in and/or experience different effectsand tree biodiversity of socioeconomic from the drivers of diversity loss? Who e loses whenimportance? different types of diversity are lost?What are the most effective and practical Are the indicators equally understandable and applicable toindicators of genetic diversity (including ecological men and women and their priority species and systems?proxies) across the landscape (includingseminatural managed and planted forests)?How can one design the best combination of in How can one encourage equitable participation in strategysitu, ex situ and/or circa situ (on-farm) development and outcomes? How do conservationconservation approaches and how can challenges strategies affect men and women and their access toto their implementation be overcome for priority resources? What kinds of checks should be included in toolstree species (including fruit trees and tree crops to assess gender impacts?across the forest-to-farm spectrum?) How can women be prioritized as main processers, consumers and quality controllers of fruit diversity?Which elements must be included in guidelines or How can equitable participation and influence in thestrategies for conservation of genetic resources strategy development processes by different user groups befor uptake and adoption in high-poverty areas encouraged?and by different user groups, including womenand men? THINKING beyond the canopy
  11. 11. Gender theme workplan 2012 Activity DeliverableGender disaggregated Participate in CRP6 components operational Contribution to gender research in CRP6data collection planning meetings components Develop methods manual Manual of gender analysis methods for CRP6 scientists Gender analysis training needs assessment Scientists trained and mentoring system in and training place Develop and roll out bibliographic database on Database available on website and CD-ROM for gender, forests and trees use by scientists Develop database of gender experts for CRP6 Database available to CRP6 component leaders Identification of existing gender-relevant data Summary report on characteristics of data set, sets accessibility, geographic distribution, type of data etc Support for proposal writing/gender Proposals reviewed; existing projects modified integration in current projects to incorporate genderAdaptive learning Learning workshop on methods for gender Indicators for gender inclusion, monitoring and analysis, monitoring and evaluation evaluationKnowledge sharing Review and synthesis of factors conditioning Synthesis paperand dissemination gender differentials in participation in use and management of forests and trees Website updates and blogs THINKING beyond the canopy Blog reports
  12. 12. Are 2012 activities relevant in light of our discussions? Incorporating gender concerns in our work in diverse ways: • Different points of the project cycle/planning e.g. priority setting; in methods/approaches—differentiation e.g. separate men’s and women’s groups; assessing impacts; multi-disciplinary teams that include socio-economists; balancing men and women in capacity building/training; situation analysis— identify whom to speak with and different entry points to women and men; funding programs for graduate research (CATIE, AWARD); team specialists trained in gender; internal training for sensitisation • Gender not relevant to all questions but ensure sensitivity and awareness Proposals and budgets: screen proposals but also be sure to budget for gender Information management/sharing: • gender-friendly materials produced; storage of gender-specific data; GIS tools to identify gender-specific systems Worries: imposition—people generally tired to work on the issue, resistance in institutions; difficult to make changes because relations are deep seated and cultural; migrants can’t plant trees; we have not been doing good science with respect to gender THINKING beyond the canopy

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