Conservation in an Amazonian tri-national frontier: livelihoods and forest clearing in community-managed forests<br />Amy ...
CommunityForest Management as  <br />a ConservationStrategy<br /><ul><li>Communities own or manage nearly ¼ of world’s for...
Evidence for maintenance of forest cover in community-managed forests when compared to strict protected areas (Nepstad et ...
Forest clearing by smallholders and communities depends on social, political and economic context (Schmink1994, Wood 2002,...
Study question:  What is the relationship between livelihood strategies and forest clearing inextractive communities in We...
Brazilnut–richforests (Bertholletia excelsa): Central non-timberforestproduct in region<br /><ul><li> Long-lived “forest g...
Central livelihood activity for thousands of families</li></li></ul><li>DiverseCommunityLivelihoods<br />
What is the relationship between livelihood strategies and forest clearing in Brazil nut-producing communities?<br />Satel...
  Describe trajectories of land cover</li></ul>   change in 11 communities<br />   (1986-2005, 5-yr time steps)<br /><ul><...
Communities Sampled<br />ACRE, BR<br />MADRE DE DIOS, PE<br />PANDO, BO<br />Sample<br /><ul><li>  11 Brazil nut-producing...
Main finding #2: Income sources explained forest clearing at the household scale  <br />Regression Highlights<br /><ul><li...
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Conservation in an Amazonian tri national frontier livelihoods and forest clearing in community-managed forests

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Amy E. Duchelle, A. Almeyda, N. Hoyos, M. Marsik, E. Broadbent, Karen A. Kainer

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

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  • Community choice:Brazil nut producing communitiesRoad accessible90% cloud cover for 20-year period
  • Findings parallels region-wide study (Southworth et al, in prep) with exception of less deforestation in community managed forests in 2000-2005 in Acre and MDD Fragmentation and close proximity to roads helped explain deforestation at the pixel level (2000-2005
  • Conservation in an Amazonian tri national frontier livelihoods and forest clearing in community-managed forests

    1. 1. Conservation in an Amazonian tri-national frontier: livelihoods and forest clearing in community-managed forests<br />Amy E. Duchelle1,2, A. Almeyda3, N. Hoyos4, M. Marsik5, <br />E. Broadbent3, Karen A. Kainer6<br />1Universidade Federal do Acre, Brazil / University of Florida<br />2Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)<br />3Stanford University<br />4Smithsonian Tropical Institute, Panama<br />5University of Washington<br />6University of Florida<br />Taking Stock of Smallholder and Community Forest Management <br />Montpellier, March 24-26, 2010<br />
    2. 2. CommunityForest Management as <br />a ConservationStrategy<br /><ul><li>Communities own or manage nearly ¼ of world’s forests in developing countries (White & Martin 2002)
    3. 3. Evidence for maintenance of forest cover in community-managed forests when compared to strict protected areas (Nepstad et al. 2006, Ellis & Porter-Bolland2008)
    4. 4. Forest clearing by smallholders and communities depends on social, political and economic context (Schmink1994, Wood 2002, Geist& Lambin 2002) along with livelihood strategies and opportunities (Kaimowitz and Angelsen 1998, Angelsen 2006, Chomitz 2007)
    5. 5. Study question: What is the relationship between livelihood strategies and forest clearing inextractive communities in Western Amazonia? </li></li></ul><li>Tri-nationalAmazonianfrontier (Madre de Dios, Peru; Acre, Brazil; Pando, Bolivia)<br />Acre, Brazil<br />Madre de Dios, Peru<br />Pando, Bolivia<br />>1/3 forest area managed by communities <br />
    6. 6. Brazilnut–richforests (Bertholletia excelsa): Central non-timberforestproduct in region<br /><ul><li> Long-lived “forest giants” reaching</li></ul> 50m height, 3m dbh<br /><ul><li> Density estimated at 2-3 trees</li></ul>per hectare<br /><ul><li> Reproductive in mature forest, little</li></ul> success in plantations <br /><ul><li> Fruits fall during the wet season and opened by collectors
    7. 7. Central livelihood activity for thousands of families</li></li></ul><li>DiverseCommunityLivelihoods<br />
    8. 8. What is the relationship between livelihood strategies and forest clearing in Brazil nut-producing communities?<br />Satellite data – pixel (30x30 m)<br />Survey data - household<br /><ul><li> Evaluate drivers of reported forest</li></ul> clearing (2002-2007) by households in<br /> same 11 communities<br /><ul><li> CIFOR Poverty and Environment</li></ul> Network (hh characteristics, hh life cycles<br /> income sources) <br /><ul><li> Multivariate OLS Regression
    9. 9. Describe trajectories of land cover</li></ul> change in 11 communities<br /> (1986-2005, 5-yr time steps)<br /><ul><li> Remote sensing protocol described</li></ul> in Marsik et al. 2010<br />Geoghegan et al., 2001; Walker et al. 2000<br />
    10. 10. Communities Sampled<br />ACRE, BR<br />MADRE DE DIOS, PE<br />PANDO, BO<br />Sample<br /><ul><li> 11 Brazil nut-producing communities </li></ul>(road access, >90% cloud-free images)<br /><ul><li> 125 households </li></li></ul><li>Main finding #1: Minimal deforestation in community managed forests, but a deforestation trend<br />
    11. 11. Main finding #2: Income sources explained forest clearing at the household scale <br />Regression Highlights<br /><ul><li> Brazil nut income </li></ul> negatively predicted <br /> forest clearing in Madre<br /> de Dios and Pando <br /><ul><li> Crop income + predicted</li></ul>clearing in Madre de<br /> Dios andPando <br /><ul><li> Livestock income </li></ul>+ predicted clearing<br />in Pando alone (livestock<br /> assets in Acre<br /><ul><li> Other income (= Govt</li></ul> aid) + predicted<br />clearing in Acre<br /><ul><li> HH size only non-income</li></ul> + predictor of clearing in <br /> MDD and Pando <br />n=125<br />
    12. 12. Conclusions<br /><ul><li>Extremely high forest cover and forest income dependence in Brazil nut-producing communities in MAP region
    13. 13. Positive relationship between government aid and forest clearing in Acre is worrisome. REDD projects for smallholders in Brazilian Amazon being designed with the “bolsafamilia” model in mind
    14. 14. Adoption of cattle in Pando by communities along roads and close to Brazilian border following Acre trend
    15. 15. Negative relationship betweenBrazil nut income andforest clearing in Pando and Madre de Dios reinforces need to bolster Brazil nut sector to promote regional forest-based livelihoods and conservation</li></li></ul><li>Acknowledgements<br /><ul><li>Regional partners</li></ul>Embrapa-Acre, Herencia-Pando, ACCA-Madre de Dios, MAP Initiative<br /><ul><li>Field assistance</li></ul> Gladys Guanacoma (Universidad Amazonica del Pando) <br />Marcianed’Araujo and Jucelida Souza (EscoladaFloresta, Acre)<br /> Peter Groenendjik (University of Utrecht)<br /><ul><li>Funding sources
    16. 16. Academic support</li></ul>Jack Putz, Marianne Schmink, Jane Southworth, Brian Child, Grenville Barnes<br /><ul><li>Brazil nut producers </li></ul>in the MAP region <br />U.S. National Science Foundation<br />Contact: Amy Duchelle<br /> duchelle@ufl.edu<br />

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