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Community Forestry and EbA Experience in The Gambia

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Community Forestry and EbA Experience in The Gambia

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Presented by Ms Awa Sillah (Programme Coordinator, EbA Project), at COP27, UNFCCC Official Side Event, "Adaptation and NDCs in Africa and Asia: How much progress in the agroforestry and forestry sectors?", 11 Nov 2022

Presented by Ms Awa Sillah (Programme Coordinator, EbA Project), at COP27, UNFCCC Official Side Event, "Adaptation and NDCs in Africa and Asia: How much progress in the agroforestry and forestry sectors?", 11 Nov 2022

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Community Forestry and EbA Experience in The Gambia

  1. 1. Ms Awa Sillah Programme Coordinator, EbA Project Theme Adaptation and NDCs in Africa and Asia: How much progress in the agroforestry and forestry sectors? Sharm El Shiekh, 11 November 2022 Community Forestry and EbA Experience in The Gambia
  2. 2. The Context 4 Firewood scarcity Environmental degradation (Productive forest is also projected to shrink significantly in size, between 30 and 46.7 percent of land area, by 2030) Depleting Biodiversity Capacity gaps Sea Level Rise - between 19 cm and 43 cm by 2050 Low tree diversity Water scarcity
  3. 3. Gradient of moisture index over Gambia (0.3 [orange] – 0.6 [blue]). Drier in CRR particularly in the Saloum and Niamina Wet in the Greater Banjul Area and Coastal Areas of WCR 3 12/2/2022
  4. 4. Community Forestry in The Gambia o Community Forest o Joint forest park o State Forest Parks Diversification to implement Community Forest 1. Putting people first 2. Process Orientation 3. Minimum External Incentives
  5. 5. EbA Project in the Gambia Project Title: Large-scale Ecosystem-based Adaptation in The Gambia: developing a climate-resilient, natural resource-based economy. National Executing Entity: Ministry of Environment, Climate Change and Natural Resources (MECCNAR); Accredited Entity: United Nations Environment Programme Partner Institutions: DoA. DCD, DoF, DPWM and ICRAF/World Agroforestry Centre in Kenya Beneficiaries: 8,400 households direct beneficiaries (50% women) and 46,200 indirect beneficiaries (50% women)
  6. 6. Components of the Project • Restore degraded forests and agricultural landscapes with climate resilient plant species Component 1 • Facilitate the establishment of commercially viable Natural Resource-based Business Enterprise Component 2 • Provide policy support, institutional strengthening and knowledge generation Component 3
  7. 7. Summary of Activities implemented 1 - - Component 1 - Development of protocols and other Management Plans - Enrichment Planting in Community Forest (CF) - Agroforestry in Agricultural Farmlands (AF) - Planting in Mangroves - ANR in KWNP, CPAs and CFs 2 – Component 2 Beekeeping Enterprises - Ecotourism, Food Processing , Handicraft , Hay processing and - Development of Quality standards 3. Component 3 - Congress on Transhumance, conference on Agroforestry and minimum tree cover - Integration of EbA into policies and strategies -Development of BSC programmes - Development of Geoportal system (Knowledge Management)
  8. 8. ANR In CFs, CPAs & KWNP 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 CRRN CRRS LRR URR KWNP Total No. of CFs 16 13 9 12 50 No. of Ha 1281,8 1852,16 1113,8 1141,44 910 6299,2 CF/CPAs No. of CFs No. of Ha 10 M above
  9. 9. Challenges to long-term success of EbAActions o Uncontrolled bushfires o Uncontrolled wood extraction particularly Charcoal and Firewood o Inadequate human and technical capacity o Uncontrolled, Free-roaming livestock grazing (local and Transhumance 9 11/11/22
  10. 10. Impacts Adverse effects of transhumance on environment Adverse effectsof transhumance on livelihoods Bush fires Overgrazing Conflicts Livestock theft Crossbreeding Tree cutting Soil erosion Disease outbreak Competion for water 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 5 10 15 20 Cross-border Domestic Cross-border Domestic
  11. 11. Recommendation/Way Forward o Strengthening of partners o Regulations to reduce impacts of transhumance and forest fires o Capacity building of communities o Continue mainstreaming EbA into sectoral plans and budgets o Implementation
  12. 12. THANK YOU 12 11/11/2022

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