Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Coffee production in Vietnam: aligning interests towards sustainability

177 views

Published on

Presented by Emelyne Cheney, UN Environment, at GLF Kyoto Media Workshop, May 12th, 2019.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Coffee production in Vietnam: aligning interests towards sustainability

  1. 1. FINANCING SUSTAINABLE LAND USE FOR PEOPLE AND PLANET Coffee production in Vietnam: aligning interests towards sustainability Emelyne Cheney, Regional Coordinator Forests & Climate Change, UN Environment Asia Pacific 22-May-19 1
  2. 2. 12/05/2019 Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva 2 1Sustainable land use finance
  3. 3. Coffee production in Vietnam 22-May-19 Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva 3
  4. 4. 2Coffee production in Vietnam Productivity gains have been generated at the expense of the environment and of the long-term sustainability of production Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva22/05/2019 4 o World’s second largest producer of coffee o Vietnam’s coffee yields are well above international norms… o … but have progressed little over the last decade A rapid development over the last 30 years
  5. 5. 22/05/2019 5 Coffee production in Vietnam Key production issues affecting supply The spread of coffee plantings onto less- suitable or un-suitable land Various episodes of drought Inefficient and excessive use of fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides and other inputs Climate change Increasing soil acidification and soil hospitability to nematodes and plant diseases Aging tree stock
  6. 6. The impact on forests 22/05/2019 Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva 6
  7. 7. Farmers are switching to other crop cultivation, driven by volatility, and encroaching into the forest 22/05/2019 Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva 7 • Farmers have switching to other crops such as black pepper, avocado, and passion fruit in order to generate higher incomes. • Reducing areas under coffee cultivation especially in Dak Lak, where arable land is limited. In other provinces like Dak Nong and Lam Dong, where arable land reserve is still available, the new arable land is used more for growing black pepper and avocado. • In short, coffee production is facing strong competition from black pepper production and this ongoing situation is impacting the expansion of coffee planted area in Dak Nong and Lam Dong. • Poorest farmers without formal land ownership are encroaching into the forest to supplement their income Coffee production in Vietnam
  8. 8. 3Transitioning towards sustainable practices Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva22/05/2019 8 Alternative models already exist, but uptake is slow due to lack of capital
  9. 9. 3An opportunity to align the interests of stakeholders towards sustainable cultivation practices UN Environment has been working with a coalition of organizations to scale up alternative cultivation practices that can support the long-term sustainability of the coffee sector, by reducing the pressure on the environment while maintaining production volumes Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva22/05/2019 9 o Reducing production risk for smallholders o Helping local and provincial governments achieve their environmental and forest cover targets o Reducing supply risk for agribusinesses
  10. 10. 3Mobilising finance to support alternative production models • Intercropping model is an effective way to offer protection against coffee price volatility, but the initial investment required for conversion to intercropping is prohibitive for most farmers • There is a need for affordable / easily accessible capital to support farmers in their transition to sustainable production models • Financial and non-financial factors limit investment in sustainable production models, contributing to high transactions costs and the perception of risk • We are supporting first movers with de-risking and risk sharing products that can partly mitigate the costs of transitioning, and demonstrate to others that change is possible! Financing Sustainable Land Use - UN Environment - Geneva22/05/2019 10
  11. 11. FINANCING SUSTAINBLE LAND USE FOR PEOPLE AND PLANET THANK YOU Emelyne Cheney cheney@un.org

×