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Payment for Ecosystem Services
Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
USAID Lowering Emissions in Asia’s ...
Model Actions Demonstrated
- Improved livelihoods
Policy and Market Incentives
- Enabling Conditions
Human and Institution...
UNESCO – Man and Biosphere Program
(MAB)
• Thailand International Development
Cooperation Agency (TICA) proposed for
LEAF to focus its activities in Man and the
Bi...
• Seville Strategy:
• Three functions of the MAB
– Conservation: protection of genetic resources,
species, landscapes and ...
Guiding Frameworks: Seville Strategy
• Further elaboration on
zoning
– Core Zone
– Buffer Zone
– Transition Zone
Guiding Frameworks: Madrid Action Plan
Emerging role of biosphere reserves in addressing these challenges
According to the...
• Establish in 1977
• 420 square kilometers
• Four Sub-districts in Chiang Mai
• 2 main Watershed: Mae Sa & Kog Ma
• 3 Nat...
Number Zoning in the MAB % Area
1 Core Area 52.6
2 Buffer Zone 20.9
3 Transition Zone 26.5
TOTAL 100
Principles in the man...
Theme 1: Awareness raising and capacity building on management planning of
MSKM-MAB: Training; Community awareness raising...
IDENTIFIED KEY SUPPORT THEMES IN MAE SA-KOG MA BIOSPHERE RESERVE
Theme 2: Model development for natural
resource and fores...
IDENTIFIED KEY SUPPORT THEMES IN MAE SA-KOG MA BIOSPHERE RESERVE
Theme 3: Advocacy and local policy development Evaluating...
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Management Plan
• Integrate effective participatory management planning
for MSKM-MAB to reducing emissions b...
MSKM PES pilot Timeline
I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013)
II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016)
MSKM PES pilot Timeline
I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013)
• Establish PES – TWG and identified LEAF demonstration site...
MSKM PES pilot Timeline
I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013)
• USAID, LEAF HAPPEN and CBFCM promoting PES in Mae Sa Catch...
MSKM PES pilot Timeline
II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016)
• Gathering relevant data to support pilot site selection...
MSKM PES Pilot Timeline
II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016)
• Monitoring and evaluation and reporting of the pilot PE...
DEVELOPMENT OF PES-TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP
• Protected area regional 16 staffs (Chiang Mai) and stakeholders inside MSKM ...
LAND TENURE AND POLICY ASSESSMENT FOR PES IN MSKM-MAB
• Policy and institutional challenges for PES
implementation in the ...
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Kick Off
Collaborative development network and working framework to guide the
development of LEAF in the Mae...
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Kick Off
 Discuss and seek comments on potential areas for LEAF support, including
the following:
• Protect...
Promoting PES in Mae Sa Catchment
• USAID-LEAF, HAPPEN, and CBFCM
• Integrated PES in Participatory Catchment Management P...
Capacity Building on PES (2013)
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Management Plan
• MSKM-MAB management Plan identified PES as pilot project (2013 – 2015)
Mae Sa-Kog Ma MA Strategies
1. Preserve and protect MAB MSKM by participatory approach
2. Develop collaborative mechanism ...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
• Ecosystem services valuation survey
• Group of Respondents in side MSKM:
- Communit...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
28
30
27
26
20
22
24
26
28
30
Response Count
Which Ecosystem Services have benefits t...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
Ecosystem services have many values contribute to environment economic and
livelihood...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
3
5
7
10
13
16
10
23
20
17
11
15
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Clean Air Clean Water Fertile Soi...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
1
3
1
6
9
3
13
6
4
12
6
9
14
18
4 3
8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Increasing Agricultural
Prod...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
1 1
3 3
1
7
5
20
14
11
16
12
6
13
18
6
13
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Cultural and
Ecotourism
...
Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma
1 2 1 2
5
12
14 14
16
14
17
14 15
12
10
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Ecosystem services
conserv...
13a. If there is an agreement in the sub-district level that every month all households within Mae
Sa watershed have to sp...
14 14
10
13
12
13 13
12
23
11
12
7
0
5
10
15
20
25
Payment offer Count
Biodiversity value
Economic value
Aesthetic value
R...
13b. If there is an additional option in the agreement state that the monthly
household payment for ecosystem services is ...
15
13 13
18
17
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Length of Contract Payment amount offered Actions you would be
require to take ...
Challenge in Survey and Implication
• Limited time and resources to do survey across the whole MAB
• Design PES capacity B...
Private Sector: Initial Collaboration
Name of Private Sector Type of Business
Airports of Thailand (AOT) - Chiang Mai Comm...
Private Sector: Initial Collaboration
• Network of Business/private sector both inside/outside MAB in PES
Scheme
• Adapt C...
Proposal for Pilot PES Implementation
• USAID LEAF and DNP, PES-TWG step forward for pilot PES 2014-2015
Potential Pilot Site
• Core and Buffer Area of MSKM MAB: National Park
• Watershed / Catchment Scale
PES Core
“PES-like” Schemes
PES Core
Watershed
Carbon Sequestration
Biodiversity
Tourism
• Bundle Services Scheme
Protect ...
Suggest Institutional arrangement
Sub-District
Administration Office
Governmental
authorities (DNP)
Ecosystem Services Pro...
Implementation Challenges
1. Insufficient understanding and misunderstanding of PES concepts between
stakeholders. Awarene...
Expected Outcomes of Pilot-PES for MSKM
• Establish a system of PES innovation by incorporating engagement with local
comm...
Thank You !!
For more Information visit
http://www.leafasia.org/
Resources : Payment for Ecosystem Services
http://www.lea...
Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
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Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve

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This presentation was given on the “Regional workshop on Payment for Environmental Services” on November 19 2014 in Hanoi, Vietnam. The overall aim of the workshop was to enhance the understanding and capacity of policy makers, PES practioners, and researcher communities on the topic of payments for ecosystem services and ecosystem-based approaches and also to increase dialogue between them on latest lessons learned and recommendations for effective, efficient and equitable implementation of PES.

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Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve

  1. 1. Payment for Ecosystem Services Pilot Implementation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve USAID Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF)
  2. 2. Model Actions Demonstrated - Improved livelihoods Policy and Market Incentives - Enabling Conditions Human and Institutional Capacity Strengthened - Increased individual and institutional capacity - Increased gender equality, inclusion and leadership Regional Platforms & Partners Strengthened to Catalyze and Sustain Change Replication Innovations and models shared ReplicationReplication The goal of the Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF) Program “To achieve meaningful and sustainable reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the forestry-land use sector in Asia”
  3. 3. UNESCO – Man and Biosphere Program (MAB)
  4. 4. • Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA) proposed for LEAF to focus its activities in Man and the Biosphere (MAB) sites, call Biosphere Reserve • Main government counterpart in Thailand is the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (DNP).
  5. 5. • Seville Strategy: • Three functions of the MAB – Conservation: protection of genetic resources, species, landscapes and ecosystems – Development: Foster sustainable economic and human development – Logistical support: demonstration projects, research, education, and training Guiding Frameworks: Seville Strategy
  6. 6. Guiding Frameworks: Seville Strategy • Further elaboration on zoning – Core Zone – Buffer Zone – Transition Zone
  7. 7. Guiding Frameworks: Madrid Action Plan Emerging role of biosphere reserves in addressing these challenges According to the Madrid Action Plan (2008) 1) Climate change, 2) Provision of ecosystem services, and 3) Rapid urbanization as a driver of environmental change
  8. 8. • Establish in 1977 • 420 square kilometers • Four Sub-districts in Chiang Mai • 2 main Watershed: Mae Sa & Kog Ma • 3 National Parks (DNP) • Forest Reserve Area (RFD) • Communities area and various land- use types Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
  9. 9. Number Zoning in the MAB % Area 1 Core Area 52.6 2 Buffer Zone 20.9 3 Transition Zone 26.5 TOTAL 100 Principles in the management area boundary Of Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve 1) Core Area: The main areas to conserve biodiversity in the long term and is an area that is protected by law. The role of the core area is the service area of ​​ecosystems, collection carbon dioxide. Improve soil, water and air quality. 2) Buffer Area: An area for activities such as participation in ecological ecotourism, recreation and research. The role of the buffer area is reduce the impact of human activities and connected to the area of biodiversity in the future. 3) Transition Area: Area is focused on the development of habitats. Occupations for settlement and agriculture.
  10. 10. Theme 1: Awareness raising and capacity building on management planning of MSKM-MAB: Training; Community awareness raising, engagement and participation. IDENTIFIED KEY SUPPORT THEMES IN MAE SA-KOG MA BIOSPHERE RESERVE
  11. 11. IDENTIFIED KEY SUPPORT THEMES IN MAE SA-KOG MA BIOSPHERE RESERVE Theme 2: Model development for natural resource and forest management to reduce GHG emissions: - Community-Based Fire Management and emissions reductions - Reforestation and conservation activities - and Participatory resource management models and guidelines that allow for the reduction of GHG emissions and improving ecosystem services under Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES).
  12. 12. IDENTIFIED KEY SUPPORT THEMES IN MAE SA-KOG MA BIOSPHERE RESERVE Theme 3: Advocacy and local policy development Evaluating of lessons learned from implementation to build confidence in the development of appropriate and sustainable local agreements, guidelines and rules.
  13. 13. Mae Sa-Kog Ma Management Plan • Integrate effective participatory management planning for MSKM-MAB to reducing emissions by addressing deforestation and degradation of forest ecosystem. • Development of pilot-PES and test in MSKM-MAB is one key activity in the management plan
  14. 14. MSKM PES pilot Timeline I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013) II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016)
  15. 15. MSKM PES pilot Timeline I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013) • Establish PES – TWG and identified LEAF demonstration site • PES – TWG attended Lam Dong Study Tour (2012) • Recruit ‘PES - project Officer’ • Land Tenure and Policy Assignment for PES in MSKM-MAB • USAID LEAF and DNP Mae Sa-Kog Ma Kick Off
  16. 16. MSKM PES pilot Timeline I. Pre - Implementation (2011 – 2013) • USAID, LEAF HAPPEN and CBFCM promoting PES in Mae Sa Catchment • Support Capacity Building to stakeholder on PES topics through regional training workshop • MSKM-MAB management Plan identified PES as pilot activity • Ecosystem Services Valuation in MSKM • Initial collaboration with Private Sectors
  17. 17. MSKM PES pilot Timeline II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016) • Gathering relevant data to support pilot site selection process • Finalized PES pilot site in MSKM • Stakeholders, Buyers, Sellers, identified and Consultation Meeting • Negotiation with stakeholders , design PES agreement, and payment mechanism • Establish PES agreement and launch implementation
  18. 18. MSKM PES Pilot Timeline II. Pilot - Implementation (2014 – 2016) • Monitoring and evaluation and reporting of the pilot PES implementation • Sharing lesson learned and proposed enabling policy /legal framework that scaling up PES implementation in the long term.
  19. 19. DEVELOPMENT OF PES-TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP • Protected area regional 16 staffs (Chiang Mai) and stakeholders inside MSKM  MSKM-MAB management working group  LEAF – DNP technical working group PES study tour in Lam Dong, Vietnam (2012)
  20. 20. LAND TENURE AND POLICY ASSESSMENT FOR PES IN MSKM-MAB • Policy and institutional challenges for PES implementation in the Reserve • Policy related to rights in land and ecosystem services in Northern Thailand • Regulatory and institutional arrangement for PES • Enabling legal framework for long-term PES implementation
  21. 21. Mae Sa-Kog Ma Kick Off Collaborative development network and working framework to guide the development of LEAF in the Mae Sa-Kog Ma Man and Biosphere Reserve Present the LEAF program to key stakeholders in the Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve (MAB)
  22. 22. Mae Sa-Kog Ma Kick Off  Discuss and seek comments on potential areas for LEAF support, including the following: • Protected and Transition Zone Participatory Management • Community engagement and participation • Capacity building and awareness raising • Fire management and greenhouse gas emissions • Reforestation and Revegetation • Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)
  23. 23. Promoting PES in Mae Sa Catchment • USAID-LEAF, HAPPEN, and CBFCM • Integrated PES in Participatory Catchment Management Plan
  24. 24. Capacity Building on PES (2013)
  25. 25. Mae Sa-Kog Ma Management Plan • MSKM-MAB management Plan identified PES as pilot project (2013 – 2015)
  26. 26. Mae Sa-Kog Ma MA Strategies 1. Preserve and protect MAB MSKM by participatory approach 2. Develop collaborative mechanism in management of natural resources and access to using of resources in MSKM 3. Promote learning process and awareness to community and wider public on value of MSKM 4. Strengthening mechanism in management for MAB MSKM Sub strategy: 4.3 Develop funding mechanism for ecosystem services such as PES funding 5. Develop data based and research for MAB MSKM management
  27. 27. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma • Ecosystem services valuation survey • Group of Respondents in side MSKM: - Communities sample • Contingent valuation using Questionnaire
  28. 28. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma 28 30 27 26 20 22 24 26 28 30 Response Count Which Ecosystem Services have benefits to your communities ? Provisioning Services Regulating Services Supporting Services Cultural Services
  29. 29. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma Ecosystem services have many values contribute to environment economic and livelihoods. Please choose how these values are important to you • Ecological/Environmental values • Economic values • Cultural values • Social values
  30. 30. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma 3 5 7 10 13 16 10 23 20 17 11 15 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Clean Air Clean Water Fertile Soil Biodiversity Fauna and Flora Habitat Ecological/Environmental values Not important at all Not so important Quite important Very important Extremely important
  31. 31. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma 1 3 1 6 9 3 13 6 4 12 6 9 14 18 4 3 8 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Increasing Agricultural Products Household Fuelwood Increasing income from Non-Timber Forest Products Generate income from Ecotourism Economic values Not important at all Not so important Quite important Very important Extremely important
  32. 32. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma 1 1 3 3 1 7 5 20 14 11 16 12 6 13 18 6 13 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Cultural and Ecotourism attraction Traditional Knowledge for Forest Management The beauty of natural area create visual aesthetic Inspiration for Art Scientific and Research sites Cultural values Not important at all Not so important Quite important Very important Extremely important
  33. 33. Ecosystem Valuation in Mae Sa-Kog Ma 1 2 1 2 5 12 14 14 16 14 17 14 15 12 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Ecosystem services conservation could enhance community's image to the public Ecosystem services conservation create community awareness of the natural resource values Ecosystem services Conservation bring harmony to your community The future generation understand the important of their ecosystem and natural resources Create equity for access and control of ES Social values Not important at all Not so important Quite important Very important Extremely important
  34. 34. 13a. If there is an agreement in the sub-district level that every month all households within Mae Sa watershed have to spend 100 THB from monthly household net income to pay for the ecosystem services values. How would you allocate your 100 THB for these values? (You might spend 100 THB in any way you like, but your total payment will not exceed 100 THB. For example, You might spend all 100 THB for one value, or you might spend 50 THB on one value, 25 THB for 1 value and 25 THB for yet another value. Remember the total THB you spend is equal 100 THB) 243 238 121 152 182 157 190 205 730 122 140 110 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Historic value Social value Climate Regulation value Environmental value Therapeutic value Future value Learning value Cultural value Recreational value Aesthetic value Economic value Biodiversity value From the total 100 THB I would like to pay …
  35. 35. 14 14 10 13 12 13 13 12 23 11 12 7 0 5 10 15 20 25 Payment offer Count Biodiversity value Economic value Aesthetic value Recreational value Cultural value Learning value Future value Therapeutic value Environmental value Climate Regulation value Social value Historic value
  36. 36. 13b. If there is an additional option in the agreement state that the monthly household payment for ecosystem services is voluntary. Would you willing to pay or not to pay for the ecosystem services? • 27 chose to Pay while 3 are not willing to pay Comments: - There should be a clear information provide to the communities how the paid money will use to protect ecosystem - payment amount should be base on household net income - People who cannot pay could do ecosystem friendly practice / forest protection activity. - Could not make decision to participate due to limited right to manage forest
  37. 37. 15 13 13 18 17 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Length of Contract Payment amount offered Actions you would be require to take such as develop forest carbon management plan, periodic monitoring Engagement of governmental sectors and other stakeholders Secure rights provide to the community for forest management Completely no Influence Hardly Influence Quite Influence Pretty much Influence Extremely Influence • Influenced factors to participate in Carbon – PES scheme
  38. 38. Challenge in Survey and Implication • Limited time and resources to do survey across the whole MAB • Design PES capacity Building for the pilot scheme • Present and discuss survey outcome with TWG and privates sectors for pilot site selection and identify stakeholders
  39. 39. Private Sector: Initial Collaboration Name of Private Sector Type of Business Airports of Thailand (AOT) - Chiang Mai Commercial Aviation The Chiang Mai Chamber of Commerce Business and Investment Network Chiang Mai Tourism Business Association Tourism Business Network COMPASS Magazines, Chiang Mai - S.P. Publishing Group Co., Ltd Local Publishing Mae Sa Elephant Camp Tourism Operator Thai Hotels Association Northern Chapter Hotel/Resort Tourism Business Network Tipco Foods (Thailand) PCL Agricultural/Agroindustry
  40. 40. Private Sector: Initial Collaboration • Network of Business/private sector both inside/outside MAB in PES Scheme • Adapt CRS approach with PES • Establish Funding Mechanism • Create public awareness campaign to support funding
  41. 41. Proposal for Pilot PES Implementation • USAID LEAF and DNP, PES-TWG step forward for pilot PES 2014-2015
  42. 42. Potential Pilot Site • Core and Buffer Area of MSKM MAB: National Park • Watershed / Catchment Scale
  43. 43. PES Core “PES-like” Schemes PES Core Watershed Carbon Sequestration Biodiversity Tourism • Bundle Services Scheme Protect watershed Forest Enhance Carbon Stock decrease emission including Smoke in dry season Protect Biodiversity Promote Tourism Benefits and Income
  44. 44. Suggest Institutional arrangement Sub-District Administration Office Governmental authorities (DNP) Ecosystem Services Provider Ecosystem Services Beneficiaries PES Committee - Negotiation of Agreement, Financial management, Monitoring Payment SecureEcosystemServices Payment Technical Support
  45. 45. Implementation Challenges 1. Insufficient understanding and misunderstanding of PES concepts between stakeholders. Awareness raising to date has not covered all relevant sectors in the potential pilot sites. 2. require a substantial amount of supporting baseline data during the negotiation and decision process for the payment scheme. 3. Finding potential buyers from the beneficiaries will be challenging, Funding mechanism for the pilot scheme will also be difficult to predict.
  46. 46. Expected Outcomes of Pilot-PES for MSKM • Establish a system of PES innovation by incorporating engagement with local communities, the private sector and government to develop a transparent pilot payment scheme • Ensures equality in benefit sharing from an identified ecosystem services such as watershed, and carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change, to both providers and beneficiaries. • Local communities are expected to gain benefits from payment allocation or support activities identified in the pilot scheme. • Lessons learned and policy recommendations will enable a legal framework to support long term implementation. • Scaling up of PES innovation will also benefit other countries in Southeast Asia, such as Laos, through study tour exchanges and sharing lessons learned via the regional platform.
  47. 47. Thank You !! For more Information visit http://www.leafasia.org/ Resources : Payment for Ecosystem Services http://www.leafasia.org/resource_by_topic/185

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