Charcoal production: can it be a sustainable enterprise?


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CIFOR scientist Davison Gumbo gave this presentation on 21 May 2013.

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Charcoal production: can it be a sustainable enterprise?

  1. 1. Charcoal Production:Can it be a sustainable enterprise?Radisson Blu Hotel, Lusaka 21st May 2013Davison GumboScientist and Team Leader, CIFOR Zambia OfficePresented by:© Davison Gumbo
  2. 2. OutlineBackgroundGoalMethodsHighlight Study FindingsRecommendations
  3. 3. Background of the Study (1/3) Charcoal and timber provide a basisfor potentially viable forest-basedenterprises. Charcoal, timber and NTFPscontribute directly to rural and urbanlivelihoods in Zambia. Miombo and other associated forestsand woodland types provideresources for charcoal and timberproduction and non-timber forestproducts (NTFPs).© Davison Gumbo© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  4. 4.  Six districts in Eastern,Northern (Muchinga)and NorthwesternProvinces. Supported by the Embassyof Finland in Zambia.Background of the Study (2/3) Study on the dynamics of charcoal andcommercial timber production and trade inZambia.
  5. 5.  Researchers of the study:1. Davison J. Gumbo. CIFOR, Zambia.2. Kaala B. Moombe. CIFOR, Zambia.3. Mercy M. Kandulu. Forest Department LusakaProvince, Zambia.4. Gilian Kabwe. Copperbelt University, Zambia.5. Marja Ojanen. The Embassy of Finland.6. Elizabeth Ndhlovu. The Embassy of Finland.7. Terry C. H. Sunderland. CIFOR, Indonesia.Background of the Study (2/3)
  6. 6. Goals of the studyIdentify and characterize the social,economic and environmental issuespertaining to charcoal and timberproduction and trade in Zambia as wellas the implications of the nascentregional charcoal industry.
  7. 7. MethodologyField basedresearchLiteraturereviewSource of the picture of the puzzle:
  8. 8. Highlights: Major FindingsCharcoal Production,Consumption and Trade
  9. 9. Policy andregulatoryframework in placeand adequate butfull implementationhampered by lack ofresources (humanand financial).FINDINGS (1/6)
  10. 10. Charcoal widely producedacross the country.FINDINGS (2/6)© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  11. 11. Charcoal a major energysource for most urbanareas in Zambia.FINDINGS (3/6)© Davison Gumbo
  12. 12.  Drivers of charcoalDrivers of charcoalproduction.production.• Poverty• Limited employmentopportunities• Quick and easy businessFINDINGS (4/6)© Ratna Yulia Hadi
  13. 13. FINDINGS (5/6)Livelihood and othersocioeconomic benefits notopenly acknowledged.© Davison Gumbo
  14. 14. FINDINGS (6/6) Markets, charcoalflows andtransportation.© Davison Gumbo
  15. 15. Can charcoal productionbe a sustainable enterprise?© Davison Gumbo
  16. 16. Recommendations (1/3) Cultivate in local level institutionsa greater and keen interest in themanagement of forests. Establish a conducive policyenvironment for local levelinstitutions to manage forests. Facilitate the development of localrules and guidelines for managingforests for charcoal production. Incentives for sustainable charcoalproduction must accrue to forest“owners” and “managers”© Davison Gumbo
  17. 17. Recommendations (2/3) Develop schemes of sustainablecharcoal production based on“lessons learnt” from customaryareas with long histories ofengagement. Provide special support to womencharcoal producers to ensure theywork in sustainable way andwithin the confines of the law. Urban consumers should be partof the debate/discussion oncharcoal production, utilization,and conservation.© Davison
  18. 18. Recommendations (3/3) Information on the implications ofcharcoal production on forests, treesand livelihoods be provided. Provide capacity building to charcoalproducers on organizational,technical and business management. Wider adoption and use of moreefficient kilns Step up research on adoption anduse of alternative feedstock forcharcoal production e.g., saw dust,bamboo.© Davison
  19. 19. Thank youCIFOR main website: www.cifor.orgForests Blog: Research Program on Forests, Trees and© Ratna Yulia Hadi