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Best Practices on Indonesia’s Peatland Management: Lesson Learnt, Opportunities & Challenges - BRG

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Presented by Dr.Alue Dohong, Deputy Chief of Peatland Restoration Agency Republic of Indonesia, at the International Tropical Peatland Center (ITPC) soft launch, on 30 October 2018, in Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Best Practices on Indonesia’s Peatland Management: Lesson Learnt, Opportunities & Challenges - BRG

  1. 1. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Best Practices on Indonesia’s Peatland Management: Lesson Learnt, Opportunities & Challenges Dr. Alue Dohong Deputy Chief of Peatland Restoration Agency Republic of Indonesia Soft Launching Secretariat of International Tropical Peatland Centre Jakarta, 30th October 2018
  2. 2. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Indonesia contains over 45% of the global area of tropical peatland, mostly as extensive domes of woody peat, supporting peat swamp forest that covers vast areas of lowland landscape between major rivers. However, large areas of tropical peatland in Indonesia, however, have been converted to agriculture; and this has led to widespread deforestation and drainage. Peatlands in Indonesia Source: Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, BRG
  3. 3. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Peatland Degradation Drivers Logging (legal & illegal) Conversion of peat swamp forest & peatland to other land uses Construction of drained canals Fires
  4. 4. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Loss of PSF ecosystem balance Biodiversity loss Peatland & peat forest fires vulnerability (dry season) Flood risks (rainy season) Socio-economic & health costs
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  6. 6. Peatland Restoration Steps (restoration is a process) Peatland Restoration Steps
  7. 7. Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) “Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) was established on January 6, 2016 in order to accelerate the recovery of hydrological & vegetation of degraded peatland that caused by peat and forest fires” Government Regulation in Lieu of Law No.1/2016
  8. 8. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE
  9. 9. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLECHIEF OF BRG DECREE ON RESTORATION INDICATIVE MAP
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  11. 11. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE BRG’s Restoration Measures & Techniques Rewetting of peatlands Revegetation Revitalization of local livelihoods- R3 • Canal Blocking • Canal Backfilling • Deep wells • Nursery • Seedlings; • Seedlings transplantation; • Natural regeneration • Land-based: Paludiculture (Sago palm, gelam, Jelutong, swamp taro, etc) • Water-based: Aqua-culture, fishery • Env-Services-based: Eco- tourism, carbon R1 R2 R3 BRG’s Restoration Measures & Techniques (3Rs Approach) 3Rs
  12. 12. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs
  13. 13. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs
  14. 14. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs
  15. 15. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs
  16. 16. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Peatlands Restoration in Indonesia: Recent Progress, Lessons Learnt, Opportunities & Next Steps
  17. 17. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs
  18. 18. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE PHUs 259 VILLAGES ARE ASSISTED BY BRG AND ITS PARTNERS IN THE PEAT VILLAGES PROGRAM (DESA PEDULI GAMBUT) 38% of the peat restoration target areas as much as 958.595 hectares are located within the assisted villages.
  19. 19. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLESocialization and Education Program
  20. 20. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLEPeatland Monitoring: Real-time water monitoring tools
  21. 21. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLETotal Hotspots in 7 Peatland Restoration Priority Provinces based on distance of peat rewetting infrastructures and Peatland Pea Care Program (DPG) locations
  22. 22. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLEExample of Construction of Peat Rewetting Infrastructures (1) Rewetting
  23. 23. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLETrainings Canal Blocking Construction (2) Rewetting
  24. 24. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLEConstruction of Canal Blocking by Local Community (3) Rewetting
  25. 25. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Construction of Canal Backfilling Rewetting
  26. 26. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Canal Backfilling in Central Kalimantan
  27. 27. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Deep-Wells Rewetting
  28. 28. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE Deep-Wells for Peat Rewetting & Fire Prevention Rewetting
  29. 29. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE REVITALIZATION OF LOCAL LIVELIHOODS (R3)
  30. 30. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE • Animal Husbandry (cow, goat, chicken, duck) • Fisheries (traditional “beje” fish-pond, fish cages) • Zero Burning Paddy Rice Agriculture (decomposer) • Honey bee farming; • Bird nest (swallow) OUTLINE OF THE REVITALIZATION OF LOCAL LIVELIHOODS ACTIVITIES IN 2016-2017 Outline of R3 Activities
  31. 31. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE • Fattening and breeding program for Cattles • Starts on December 2016, Tanjung Taruna Village, Pulang Pisau District, Central Kalimantan • Managed by local community group: Taruna Karya Bersama Animal Husbandry (example) Lesson Learnt example: Animal Husbandry
  32. 32. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLEHONEY BEE FARMING (Example) • Demo-Sites: 4 Villages, Pulang Pisau District, Central Kalimantan • Managed by local community groups & assisted by local university (Apis meliffera) Lesson Learnt example: Honey bee farming
  33. 33. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLEZero Burning “Paddy Rice” Agriculture (Decomposer) Lesson Learnt example: ZBA
  34. 34. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLECOMMUNITY EDUCATION & PARTICIPATION
  35. 35. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE • Collaborative actions are a key factor for attaining peatland restoration success; • Local communities have to be in the front-line to make peatland restoration success and sustainable; • Local communities, Local NGOs & Local Universities have adequate knowledge, capacity & experience to construct and maintain the rewetting infrastructures; • Under BRG’s coordinated & facilitated roles, stakeholders can deliver very quick & high performance of restoration results; • Peatland restoration is not merely physical and technical interventions, but, the transformation of social & economic behaviors is a key to peatland restoration success. Lesson Learned Lessons Learnt
  36. 36. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE • Protecting and managing peatland in wise way is a key for achieving low carbon economy; • Good peatland practices and restoring degraded peatland can be a strategic vehicle for reducing and avoiding climate changes impacts (CO2 & other GHGs emissions); • Wise use and good peatland practices as well as peatland restoration Peatland restoration are constituted means for achieving Indonesia’s NDC; • Collaborative among stakeholders (Government, private sector, donors, civil societies, etc.) is widely opened for harnessing peatland wise management and restoration through market-based mechanism (green bonds, etc.) Opportunities Opportunities
  37. 37. CLICK TO EDIT MASTER TITLE STYLE • Additional resources (funds, expertise) are still needed to accelerate & realize restoration targets on the ground; • Capacity (technical, institutional, financial) at all stakeholder levels needs to be strengthened so as a prerequisite deliver a high peatland restoration results; • Mainstreaming & institutionalization of peatland restoration policy, measures and actions into national, regional & local planning & regulatory processes. Next-Steps Next-Steps

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