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Impacts of co-management on Western chimpanzee habitat and conservation in Nialama Classified Forest


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This presentation by several CIFOR scientists describes the current situation of the Wester chimpanzees and the management efforts taken to protect that species. The development of a co-management model is shown, specifically in the area of Nialima.

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Impacts of co-management on Western chimpanzee habitat and conservation in Nialama Classified Forest

  1. 1. Impacts of co-management on Western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) habitat and conservation in Nialama Classified Forest, Republic of Guinea: A satellite-derived perspective Jacqueline Sunderland-Groves, Dan Slayback, Michael Balinga & Terry Sunderland ATBC Annual Meeting, Sanur, Bali 22nd July 2010 THINKING beyond the canopy
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The Republic of Guinea is believed to provide habitat to the largest surviving population of western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) Local extinction of Western chimpanzees is already reported within three West African countries (Togo, Benin, Gambia) Threats to western chimpanzees include • • habitat loss due to bauxite and diamond mining, illegal logging, charcoal production, agricultural expansion, and hunting to supply the bushmeat and illegal pet trades THINKING beyond the canopy
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • Efforts to protect remaining wild ape populations across their range differ in their approach • Co-management of forested areas is a recent approach being tested in Guinea • It involves sharing of responsibilities and costs between the state and forest fringe communities based on signing of a “co-management contract” • The purpose of this contract is to implement a management plan developed for sustainable forest utilization and long-term protection of important habitats and biodiversity THINKING beyond the canopy
  4. 4. HISTORICAL PROFILE OF FOREST MANAGEMENT IN GUINEA Colonial Period 1st Republic 2nd Republic 2nd Republic Establishment of Classified Forests Repressive conservation of forests Global economic crisis & National Policy reform Development of co-management in Guinea THINKING beyond the canopy
  5. 5. L DEVELOPMENT OF CO-MANAGEMENT MODEL Chemonix Winrock International CIFOR-ICRAF-USFS NRMA ENRMA LAMIL 1993-2000 2000-2005 2005-2008 •Scoping studies •Design & Introduction •1st Management Plan •1st FMC •Support policy reform •Advocate for PFM •Scale out Initial model •Other management Plans Watershed protection and Collaborative Management introduced •Model analysis •Governance review •Policy development •Capacity building Adaptive Landscape management approach added THINKING beyond the canopy
  6. 6. PILOT COMANAGEMENT SITES (2005-2008) 6 THINKING beyond the canopy
  7. 7. CO-MANAGEMENT IN NIALAMA  In 1996, the Nialama Classified Forest was the first site identified for co      management in Guinea In 1999 the first agreement was signed for co-management Long-term local chimpanzee monitoring identified core protection areas within Nialama which continue to provide refuge to the resident chimpanzee population. Nialama was established as a Classified Forest in 1943 covering approximately 10,000 ha (23,944 ha including the buffer zone) 25 fringe villages exist with human density of about 0.24 persons/ha Forest cover comprises patches of fragmented montane forest, riparian gallery forest, open savannah woodland, and grassland Land cover changes have occurred in recent history with periodic burning and clearing for farmland, cattle rearing, charcoal production and timber exploitation which occurred in the late1980s. THINKING beyond the canopy
  10. 10. IMPLEMENTING CO-MANAGEMENT Responsibilities • • • • • Establishment and registration of a Forest Management Committee (FMC) • Retaining 100 trees/ha of farmland within the forest Boundary demarcation and monitoring of chimpanzee populations Establishment of fire buffers and management of early burning Establishment of local rules for biodiversity management Protection and /or reforestation of sensitive habitats (water sources, steep slopes, critical chimpanzee habitats) Benefits • • • • Free collection of timber, fuel wood, and NTFPs for subsistence Provision of agro forestry plots within the forest Provision of improved germplasm for agriculture and tree crops Sharing of revenue from timber (50%:50%), or NTFP trade, and taxes for agro forestry plots (75%:25%) between FMC and local Forestry THINKING beyond the canopy authorities.
  11. 11. NIALAMA CF AND CRITICAL CHIMPANZEE HABITATS (Carter 2008) THINKING beyond the canopy
  12. 12. STUDY OBJECTIVE AND METHODS To review the impacts of co-management on key chimpanzee habitat: Using LANDSAT imagery, • • Orthorectified images (, with 30-meter pixel resolution 03-Jan-1986 (L -5), 10-Dec-2000 (L-7), 30-Dec-2004 (L-7), and 28-Dec-2009 (L-7). to analyse land cover degradation • • Nialama CF Core (critical habitats & other habitats) 5 Km Buffer (Critical Habitat & others) THINKING beyond the canopy
  13. 13. RESULTS Annual Rate of Degradation of Forest Cover in Nialama Classified Forest Classified Forest   5km Buffer 1986-2000 2000-2004 2004-2009 1986-2000 2000-2004 2004-2009 Critical habitats 0.01% 0.17% 0.16% 0.26% 1.53% 0.78% Non critical Habitats 0.17% 0.75% 1.38% 0.31% 0.94% 0.85% General 0.13% 0.6% 0.3% 0.97% 0.85% 1.03% THINKING beyond the canopy
  14. 14. RESULTS Annual Rate of Degradation of Forest Cover in Nialama Classified Forest THINKING beyond the canopy
  15. 15. DISCUSSION From the degradation statistics: • The rate of change in vegetation cover is observed to be lower within the classified forest boundaries than outside. • The formal demarcation of boundaries and strengthening of local governance systems have resulted in better protection of critical chimpanzee habitats within the classified forest as opposed to the buffer zone. • The management systems introduced since 1996 have gradually reduced the annual rate of vegetation cover degradation • Given the recent instability in Guinea, it is interesting to note that there has been some adherence to the co-management agreements in Nialama Classified Forest THINKING beyond the canopy
  16. 16. THINKING beyond the canopy
  17. 17. CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATIONS  By reducing the rate of habitat loss, strengthening local control measures, and providing incentives for communities to participate in management, co-management can contribute to improving compliance and strengthening protection of chimpanzees in Guinea’s Fouta Djallon region.  Further research should explore complementary options or approaches for strengthening protection of chimpanzees within the buffer zones of classified forests.  Now that international support has ended, it would be appropriate to conduct a re-assessment of the effectiveness of co-management about five years after. 17 THINKING beyond the canopy
  18. 18. Thank you THINKING beyond the canopy