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Adaptation of people to climate change in East Africa: Forest and tree-based ecosystem services, risk reduction and human well-being

This presentation by Aaron Russell explores two comparative analyses 1) of climate change on livelihood impacts; 2) of forest governance, resource use impacts on forest conditions - among other topics. It was held at CIFOR's partners' meeting in Nairobi in February 2015.

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Adaptation of people to climate change in East Africa: Forest and tree-based ecosystem services, risk reduction and human well-being

  1. 1. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA project overview and status update Jan. 2015 (PI – Aaron Russell) Adaptation of people to climate change in East Africa: Forest and tree-based ecosystem services, risk reduction and human well-being.
  2. 2. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA - project overview Funding: The Rockefeller Foundation ($600,000)  Co-funding: CRP6-FTA, CIFOR projects funded by AusAID and UNITAR Lead Institution:  Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Project Partners:  World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF)  Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI)  Makerere University (CAES) Project Duration: 45 Months (Dec.2011-Dec.2015) Locations: Mt.Elgon, Uganda and Kenya
  3. 3. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA - project objectives 1. To analyze national and international policies on climate change adaptation, ecosystem goods and services provided by forests and trees, and roles of stakeholders in the national arena 2. To assess current and future vulnerability of communities with focus on roles of ecosystem services provided by forests and trees 3. To assess the roles of ecosystem regulating services (ex. hydrology and microclimates) of forests and trees in promoting resilience of agriculture 4. To develop and disseminate recommendations for policies and approaches linking forests and trees to agricultural adaptation to climate change.
  4. 4. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA – project outputs planned  International, publicly accessible data • Contribute to long-term, national/regional/global comparable data sets (IFRI & PEN)  Capacity-building and sharing of expertise • Support 2 Ph.D., 1 M.Sc. Students (and provide training, data for several additional theses)  Policy process contributions • Local adaptation strategy development • National adaptation strategy development • National adaptation policy briefs  Working papers and journal publications • National climate change adaptation policies • Livelihood and forest governance • Climate change impact on ecosystem services & farming systems • Adaptation strategies
  5. 5. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA - publications produced to date  Ongugo PO, Langat D, Oeba VO, Kimondo JM, Owuor B, Njuguna J, Okwaro G and Russell A.J.M. 2014. A review of Kenya’s national policies relevant to climate change adaptation and mitigation: Insights from Mount Elgon. Working Paper 155. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR. [Available online at: http://www.cifor.org/library/5332/a- review-of-kenyas-national-policies-relevant-to-climate-change-adaptation-and-mitigation-insights-from-mount- elgon/]  Banana AY, Byakagaba P, Russell A.J.M., Waiswa D, and Bomuhangi A. 2014. A review of Uganda’s national policies relevant to climate change adaptation and mitigation: Insights from Mount Elgon. Working Paper 157. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR. [Available online at: http://www.cifor.org/library/5333/a-review-of-ugandas-national- policies-relevant-to-climate-change-adaptation-and-mitigation-insights-from-mount-elgon/]  Eike Luedeling, Roeland Kindt, Swen Bos, Joseph Sang, John Musau (2014). Climate change impacts on ecosystems of Mt. Elgon. AdaptEA Project Technical Report, World Agroforestry Centre/CIFOR/Rockefeller Foundation.  Eike Luedeling, Roeland Kindt, Neil I. Huth, Konstantin Koenig (2014). Agroforestry systems in a changing climate—challenges in projecting future performance. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 6 (February), Pages 1-7, ISSN 1877-3435, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2013.07.013/  Luedeling E, Muthuri C, Kindt R, 2013. Ecosystem vulnerability to climate change: a literature review. World Agroforestry Center Working Paper 162. Nairobi, Kenya, http://dx.doi.org/10.5716/WP13034.PDF/  Aaron J.M. Russell, Abwoli Banana, Samuel Masaba, Kenneth Balikoowa. 2013. Situating the Cristal Forest Toolkit in the larger vulnerability context: Mt.Elgon, Uganda case study. CIFOR-Cristal Forest/AdaptEA Technical Report.  Obonyo, E., with contributions by: Achieng, F., Indiazi, H., Cheruto, A., Kyomugisha, A., Okwaro, G., and A.J.M. Russell. 2013. Testing the CRiSTAL-Forest Toolkit in East Africa: Adaptive Strategies Report from Kapsokwony Division, Mt.Elgon, Kenya. CIFOR-Cristal Forest/AdaptEA Technical Report.  Russell, A.J.M. (2013), Lessons learned for the improvement of the Cristal Forest Toolkit - East Africa case study. CIFOR-Cristal Forest/AdaptEA Technical Report.
  6. 6. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA – status and next steps Areas of current research activities: Comparative analyses of climate change impacts on livelihood impacts; Comparative analyses of forest governance, resource use impacts on forest conditions; Next steps: District/province stakeholder workshop and community feedback sessions (Mar-Apr. 2015) to: • Present analyses for validation; • Conduct participatory assessment of climate change adaptation strategy alternatives; Publication of key policy process inputs (Aug 2015): • National policy adaptation strategy; • Local adaptation strategy.
  7. 7. THINKING beyond the canopy AdaptEA – status and next steps Areas of current research activities: Comparative analyses of climate change impacts on livelihood impacts; Comparative analyses of forest governance, resource use impacts on forest conditions; Next steps: District/province stakeholder workshop and community feedback sessions (Mar-Apr. 2015) to: • Present analyses for validation; • Conduct participatory assessment of climate change adaptation strategy alternatives; Publication of key policy process inputs (Aug 2015): • National policy adaptation strategy; • Local adaptation strategy.

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