MRV System in Indonesia:
Credibility, governance and benefit sharing
Daniel Murdiyarso
Outline
• Long history of forest
governance system
• REDD+: a steep learning curve
• MRV system: maintaining
credibility
•...
Long history of forest governance
 Centralized, legally guided by national Law over
resources, permitting and licensing p...
A steep learning curve
National REDD+
Strategy
Pilot Province
REDD+ Agency
MRV and Financial
Instrument

Demonstration
Act...
REDD+ strategy: a landscape approach
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Potential
REDD+ projects

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Ketapang/FFI/Kalbar
Ka...
MRV system: maintaining credibility
M

IPCC – Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF activities
• Publish data (area, biomass d...
Developing higher Tier EFs is possible
FREDDI: financing instrument
• Modalities:
grant making, trust fund
• Funding: Broad array of
opportunities/initiatives
• ...
(Costs and) benefits sharing
M

• National REDD entity
• Sub-national entities
• Project proponents/implementers
• High co...
Nesting sub national projects
Market or fund
CO2-eq Verified reports

Stream of fund

National
Reporting
• Carbon
• Social...
What kind of nested approach?
Key messages
 Indonesia has good practice MRV for emission
hotspots in place
 Linking GHG emissions and removals with IP...
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MRV System in Indonesia: 
Credibility, governance and benefit sharing

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This presentation by Daniel Murdiyarso shows the history of forest governance in Indonesia, how the REDD+ strategy can be understood as a landscape approach, where potential REDD+ projects could be located in Indonesia, how the MRV system can still maintain credibility, what FREDDI is and what kind of nested approach we need for MRV payment.

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MRV System in Indonesia: 
Credibility, governance and benefit sharing

  1. 1. MRV System in Indonesia: Credibility, governance and benefit sharing Daniel Murdiyarso
  2. 2. Outline • Long history of forest governance system • REDD+: a steep learning curve • MRV system: maintaining credibility • Financing instrument • (Costs and) benefits sharing • Concluding remarks
  3. 3. Long history of forest governance  Centralized, legally guided by national Law over resources, permitting and licensing procedures  Goods oriented rather than services – climate change was never in the agenda  Decentralized authorities with limited capacities  Leaving huge gaps in a lot of fronts
  4. 4. A steep learning curve National REDD+ Strategy Pilot Province REDD+ Agency MRV and Financial Instrument Demonstration Activities REL/RL (technical) Safeguards Underlying causes of DD Consultation processes Institutional capacity building NICFI KFCP/UN-REDD IFCA/WB-FCPF | | | | 2007 2008 2009 2013 and beyond
  5. 5. REDD+ strategy: a landscape approach
  6. 6. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Potential REDD+ projects               Ketapang/FFI/Kalbar Kapuas Hulu /FORCLIME/Kalbar Kapuas Hulu/FFI/Kalbar Sentarum/FFI/Kalbar Lamandau/YAYORIN-RARE/Kalteng Rimba Raya/RRC-Infinite Earth/Kalteng Katingan/RMU-Starling Resources/Kalteng Sebangau/WWF/Kalteng KFCP/AusAID-MoFo/Kalteng Heart of Borneo/WWF/Kalteng Kutai Barat/WWF/Kaltim Kutai-Malinau/Global Green/Kaltim RHOI/BOS/Kaltim Malinau/GER/Kaltim Malinau/FORCLIME/Kaltim Berau Forest Carbon/TNC/Kaltim Berau/FORCLIME/Kaltim         • Mamuju/Inhutani/SulBar • TN Lore Lindu/UNREDD-MoFo/Sulteng • SM Nantu/YANI/Gorontalo • Poigar/ONF/Sulut         • Merang/GiZ/Sumsel • Berbak/ZSL/Jambi • SFCP/AusAID-MoFo/Jambi • Kampar Ring/APRIL/Riau • Tesso Nilo/WWF/Riau • Siberut/Global Green/Sumbar • Leuser/YLI/Aceh • Ulu Masen/Aceh Green/Aceh   • Lombok/KOICA-MoFo/NTB • TN Meru Betiri/ITTO-MoFo/Jatim Biak-Rumfor/Emerald Planet Mamberamo/New Forest Merauke-Mappi-Asmat/WWF Jayapura/WWF • TEBE Project/YTM-AusAID/NTB
  7. 7. MRV system: maintaining credibility M IPCC – Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF activities • Publish data (area, biomass data, carbon density) • Describe methodologies (measurements in 5 pools, use model • Include all greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) • Document QA/QC procedures R IPCC Reporting Principle – managed uncertainties • Consistency • Transparency • Comparability • Completeness • Accuracy V Validation Project development phase • Estimation of future GHG emissions reductions to be achieved • Use models (historical trend, numeric, economic) Verification Project monitoring phase • Confirmation of actual GHG emission reductions achieved during crediting period • Compare between estimations and observations
  8. 8. Developing higher Tier EFs is possible
  9. 9. FREDDI: financing instrument • Modalities: grant making, trust fund • Funding: Broad array of opportunities/initiatives • Guiding principles: performance-based and safeguards • Governance: GoI-led design and management, Board of Trustee
  10. 10. (Costs and) benefits sharing M • National REDD entity • Sub-national entities • Project proponents/implementers • High costs R • National REDD entity • Sub-national entities • Project proponents/implementers • Potentially high costs V Validation • In-house validation processes • During development phase • Potentially low costs Verification • Third party - independent verifiers • During monitoring phase • High costs
  11. 11. Nesting sub national projects Market or fund CO2-eq Verified reports Stream of fund National Reporting • Carbon • Social • Biodiversity MRV Aggregate Province Benefit sharing • Technical • Administrative • Financial MRV Aggregate Project Project Project MRV MRV MRV
  12. 12. What kind of nested approach?
  13. 13. Key messages  Indonesia has good practice MRV for emission hotspots in place  Linking GHG emissions and removals with IPCC Guidelines will ensure credibility  Nested-approach for MRV-payment may be viable; need further thoughts

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