Research:From Ideas to PublicationTogar M. SimatupangSchool of Business and ManagementBandung Institute of TechnologyMonday, 24 June 2013
BioTogar M. SimatupangService• Professor of Management Science (2010-now)• Head of Master and Doctorate Program inManagement Science (2009-2010)• Assessor of National Accreditation Boardof Indonesia (BAN PT)• Member of Academy of Management USA• Member of Knowledge ManagementSociety of Indonesia (KMSI)• Reviewer: Business Process ManagementJournal, Supply Chain Management: AnInternational JournalPublication• Management Decision• Total Quality Management• International Journal of LogisticsManagement• Business Process Management Journal• Supply Chain Management: An InternationalJournal• Benchmarking: An International Journal• International Journal of Physical Distribution& Logistics Management• International Journal of Value ChainManagement• Gadjah Mada International Journal ofBusiness• International Journal of Logistics Systems andManagement2
Outline• BOK of management• Theory of management science• Ideas• Criteria• Empirical research strategy• Overview of research methods• Category of research• Structure of a manuscript• Structure of scientific article• Publication process• Example• End note3
Performance, Quality, Leadership, Culture, EthicsDecision Making and NegotiationPeople Operations Marketing FinanceEntrepreneurship and Management of TechnologyStrategy &BusinessEconomicsBody of Knowledge of Management4
Theory of Management SciencePredictionPropositionReal WorldTheory andModelAbduction DeductionActionInductionObservationVerificationProblem FindingModelingFactsDataProblems 5
Ideas• Real world• Previous research• Sponsor• Government• Supervisor• Past research experience6
Criteria1. Originality: the researcher2. Contribution: thesis and evidence3. Rigorousness: methodology4. Coherence: linear and consistent5. Presentation: communication7
10Why publish• Publications are central to your long term career– Without them, you won’t have one– They are the main criteria for jobs and promotion inacademia– You must have pubs to compete seriously in the academicjob market as a new PhD• Only published studies count– They are the only real proof of valid research activity• Grant money and publication are inextricable
11Publishing must be done –early, often, always• You need to start publishing as early as possible• You need to focus on quality more than quantity• But you need steady productivity, of about 1-2 goodpapers a year, starting the day you finish your PhD• Non-refereed publications don’t count for much
12Selecting your journal• Make a conscious decision and have a strategy• Read the paper/ have a poster at a conference andask people• Give people a draft and ask them• Look at people working in your field – where is theirwork being published?• Read the “scope” statements of journals carefully,and recent contents• An invitation to publish in a place doesn’t make it theright one
Journal Target!“Many papers are rejected simply because they don’t fulfil journalrequirements. They don’t even go into the review process.”• Read the Author Guidelines – this is the definition of the journal• Find out where to send your paper (editor, regional editor, subject area editor).Check journal homepages or publisher websites• Send the outline or abstract and ask if it looks interesting to the Editor• Confirm how an editor would like a submission – e-mail; hard copy/copies• Read at least one issue of the journal
14High vs. low status journals• Top-tier journals have high citation rates, visibility,but equally high rejection rate• About 10% of the papers get 90% of the citations• Current rankings by discipline are available “journalcitation reports” in web of science• Ranking counts, but isn’t everything• Ask yourself: who do I want to associate withprofessionally? Who do I want to be reading mywork… and what journals do they read?
15Structure of a Manuscript• Title : summary of contribution• Abstract : summary of problem and solution• Introduction : what is the problem?• Literature review: are other research relevant?why previous research insufficient?• Body : what did you do? Details of what,how, and why?• Results : what is your finding?• Conclusion : why is it important?
Structure of Scientific ArticleStyle of IMRD• Introduction• Method• Results• Discussion• Conclusion• ImplicationStyle of Non-IMRD• Flexible format• Review articles• Argumentative articles16
Publication ProcessResearch CompletionManuscript PreparationSubmissionAlignment and Peer ReviewDecisionRevisionRe-submissionReviewAcceptancePublicationRejectionRejection17
18Steps in scientific journal writing• Preparation:– Setting the stage– Preparing your paper• Selecting your journal• Paper submission• Dealing with revision and rejection• The editing process• JAR (copyright issues)
19Dear Editor,• “I am submitting X to your journal Y”• Point being, cover letter needed• No, you cannot send it to another journal incase this one rejects it or to save time.
20What will I hear?• Editor will summarize with response• Peer reviewers comments are usually included• Usually 4 possible outcomes– Accepted without revisions– Accepted contingent on minor revisions– Revise and resubmit (R & R): most often– Go away (usually at least 50%)
Example: Comments to the Authors(Emerald)Common Questions:1. Originality: Does the paper contain new and significant information adequate to justify publication?2. Relationship to Literature: Does the paper demonstrate an adequate understanding of the relevantliterature in the field and cite an appropriate range of literature sources? Is any signficant work ignored?3. Methodology: Is the papers argument built on an appropriate base of theory, concepts, or other ideas?Has the research or equivalent intellectual work on which the paper is based been well designed? Arethe methods employed appropriate?4. Results: Are results presented clearly and analysed appropriately? Do the conclusions adequately tietogether the other elements of the paper?5. Practicality and/or Research implications: Does the paper identify clearly any implications for practiceand/or further research? Are these implications consistent with the findings and conclusions of thepaper?6. Quality of Communication: Does the paper clearly express its case, measured against the technicallanguage of the field and the expected knowledge of the journals readership? Has attention been paidto the clarity of expression and readability, such as sentence structure, jargon use, acronyms, etc.?Specific comments:1. Summary of the manuscript2. Analysis (and review) of the manuscript21
22Dealing with Criticism and RejectionAsk why, and listen carefully!• Most editors will give detailed comments (their own or referees’) for arejected paper. If not, ask. Take a deep breath, and listen to what is beingsaid.Try again!• Try to improve the paper, and resubmit somewhere else. Do yourhomework, and target your paper as closely as you canDon’t give up!• At least 50% of papers in business and management don’t get published.Everybody has been rejected at least once.
How do you respond the reviewer(s)?Reviewer Comments:critiques, disagreements,misunderstanding, etc.Parallel Response:Your responsesReviewer Comments:critiques, disagreements,misunderstanding, etc.Serial Response:Your responses23
PublicationUse "ebsco" as a username and "dikti" as apassword.26
End Note• Publication is part of scholar’s responsibility.• A scholar is judged from the results ofpublication not from what has been started.• Publication is a process of learning by doing.• The effective way to learn is to learn from theexemplar.• Keep improving and never surrender.27