Tropical Fruits CIAT May 2009
<ul><li>Tropical Fruits   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2001- Conformed as a project- approved by BOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2...
Mission: <ul><li>Improve the  competitiveness  of smallholder producers of tropical fruits and service providers through i...
Key aspects of the program <ul><li>No germplasm based- No breeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner institutions/farmers- Ger...
Crop management (IPM) Germplasm Evaluation under Different Markets  Capacity Building, innovation, Institutional Strengthe...
<ul><li>Output 1: Technologies for improving the competitiveness of smallholder tropical fruit producers   </li></ul>Latin...
<ul><li>Propagation of planting material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory selection of elite clones. </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Relevant germplasm characteristics for </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers, traders, buyers (processors) </li></ul>
Criterios de selección  - Evaluación Participativa de materiales
Propagation of tropical species <ul><li>Solve specific issues </li></ul><ul><li>Phytosanitary </li></ul><ul><li>Quality (c...
Clonal propagation of rootstocks A Mejia, J Villamizar
<ul><li>Low cost  propagation  laboratory-lulo </li></ul>Aslubel <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Know how </li></ul><ul>...
Optimization and characterization of production systems
<ul><li>Ecoregional Program of the AI </li></ul><ul><li>Decision and Policy Analysis Program  </li></ul>
Assessment and modeling of resource flows and ecosystem services in fruit production systems  <ul><li>Quantification of re...
Tropical Fruits   MTP-2010-2012 <ul><li>Output 2:  Improved market value chain management  . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lulo (C...
Science for impact: Linking Farmers to Markets New business models for sustained trading relationships
GIAR ( G estores de  I nnovación en  A groindustria  R ural) Comercialización Producción Transformación
Supply chain Analysis- Peach Palm $ 20.000/balde  14kg $ 35.000/balde  14kg $ 40 – 50.000/ balde 14kg Productores Intermed...
Platoneras  Venta al detal <ul><li>> 18 hours of work per day </li></ul><ul><li>High price of raw product- too many interm...
Tropical Fruits   MTP-2010-2012 <ul><li>Output 3: Technologies for management of diseases and pests   </li></ul><ul><li>Di...
A Mejia, J Villamizar, Corpoica Areas where avocados are affected by root rots ( P. cinnamomi )
Some isolates of  P cinnamomi  are more aggressive than others
Caracterización de clones de mora ( Rubus glaucus  Benth.) Resistencia a la antracnosis : Identificación de cuatro grupos ...
qPCR (real time PCR) Detección e identificación mediante técnicas moleculares: Bio-PCR Ralstonia solanacearum -  enfermeda...
Germplasm Evaluation- Disease Resistance Lulo : In Colombia, Out of 36 clones evaluated, 3 showed resistance to Antracnosi...
<ul><li>Lots of interest from partners in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes a barrier for market access </li></ul><ul><...
Reflexions <ul><li>We are co-learning with partners </li></ul><ul><li>CIAT is well positioned to facilitate, and promote c...
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Tropical Fruits

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Presentation by Alonso González for the CIAT KSW 2009

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Tropical Fruits

  1. 1. Tropical Fruits CIAT May 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Tropical Fruits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2001- Conformed as a project- approved by BOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005- New Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007 – TF project is embedded in the Markets, Institutions and Livelihoods outcome line of RDC2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 TF merged with the group of Rural Agroentreprise Development and with The Institute of Participatory Research in Agriculture to form the Outcome Line Linking Farmers to Markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2009 Back as a full Program and clearly visible in the CIAT Strategic Directions </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Mission: <ul><li>Improve the competitiveness of smallholder producers of tropical fruits and service providers through information and technologies that result in more sustainable production practices and systems , better access to markets and increased household income </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key aspects of the program <ul><li>No germplasm based- No breeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner institutions/farmers- Germplasm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partners are critically important to develop- implement the agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Demand driven </li></ul><ul><li>Multiprone-multidisciplinary approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Focus in LAC </li></ul>
  5. 5. Crop management (IPM) Germplasm Evaluation under Different Markets Capacity Building, innovation, Institutional Strengthening Germplasm Characterization Germplasm selection Production Processing Market
  6. 6. <ul><li>Output 1: Technologies for improving the competitiveness of smallholder tropical fruit producers </li></ul>Latin America and Caribbean Programs Tropical Fruits MTP-2010-2012
  7. 7. <ul><li>Propagation of planting material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory selection of elite clones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Product quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propagation technologies (low cost) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optimization of production systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A closer look at the system level </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Relevant germplasm characteristics for </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers, traders, buyers (processors) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Criterios de selección - Evaluación Participativa de materiales
  10. 10. Propagation of tropical species <ul><li>Solve specific issues </li></ul><ul><li>Phytosanitary </li></ul><ul><li>Quality (clonal propagation) </li></ul><ul><li>Costs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Clonal propagation of rootstocks A Mejia, J Villamizar
  12. 12. <ul><li>Low cost propagation laboratory-lulo </li></ul>Aslubel <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Know how </li></ul><ul><li>Impact --? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Optimization and characterization of production systems
  14. 14. <ul><li>Ecoregional Program of the AI </li></ul><ul><li>Decision and Policy Analysis Program </li></ul>
  15. 15. Assessment and modeling of resource flows and ecosystem services in fruit production systems <ul><li>Quantification of resource flows in selected fruit producing systems (chontaduro, lulo, mora, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification and quantification of ecosystem services within the land use system </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of major drivers affecting land use </li></ul><ul><li>Representation of interactions between the elements in a model </li></ul><ul><li>Up-scaling of farm-level data to the landscape level </li></ul>Ecosystem services Land use system Resource flow (inputs) Product Quality Resource flow (outputs) Drivers of change
  16. 16. Tropical Fruits MTP-2010-2012 <ul><li>Output 2: Improved market value chain management . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lulo (Colombia and Ecuador) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Andean Blackberry (Colombia- Ecuador) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peach palm ( Colombia ) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Science for impact: Linking Farmers to Markets New business models for sustained trading relationships
  18. 18. GIAR ( G estores de I nnovación en A groindustria R ural) Comercialización Producción Transformación
  19. 19. Supply chain Analysis- Peach Palm $ 20.000/balde 14kg $ 35.000/balde 14kg $ 40 – 50.000/ balde 14kg Productores Intermediario Intermediario Industria Platonera Consumo Intermediario $ 45 - 50.000/ balde 14kg Selección
  20. 20. Platoneras Venta al detal <ul><li>> 18 hours of work per day </li></ul><ul><li>High price of raw product- too many intermediaries </li></ul><ul><li>Women head of household </li></ul><ul><li>Market expanding </li></ul><ul><li>Great venue for income generation </li></ul>Alcaldía Mayor de Buenaventura
  21. 21. Tropical Fruits MTP-2010-2012 <ul><li>Output 3: Technologies for management of diseases and pests </li></ul><ul><li>Disease agent characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Generic pests (fruit fly---in progress) </li></ul><ul><li>Management alternatives </li></ul>
  22. 22. A Mejia, J Villamizar, Corpoica Areas where avocados are affected by root rots ( P. cinnamomi )
  23. 23. Some isolates of P cinnamomi are more aggressive than others
  24. 24. Caracterización de clones de mora ( Rubus glaucus Benth.) Resistencia a la antracnosis : Identificación de cuatro grupos de genotipos: G1- altamente susceptibles – 2% G2 – susceptibles - 67% G3 – intermedios – 23% G4 – resistentes – 8% ADN total Caracterización molecular genotipos: En proceso evaluación de RAMs (8 cebadores) para determinar diversidad en Rubus spp. RAMs GT CGA
  25. 25. qPCR (real time PCR) Detección e identificación mediante técnicas moleculares: Bio-PCR Ralstonia solanacearum - enfermedad del Moko en plátano Detección de 1×10 –3 cfu ml –1 a partir de muestras frescas de tejido Diluciones seriadas de Ralstonia a partir de muestra de tejido fresco
  26. 26. Germplasm Evaluation- Disease Resistance Lulo : In Colombia, Out of 36 clones evaluated, 3 showed resistance to Antracnosis ( Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) y Gota (Phytophthora infestans ) . In Ecuador, interspecific hybrids showed the most promising behaviour. Soursoap : 21 clones, 4 resistant to Antracnosis ( C. gloeosporioides) Avocado : Colección de cepas de Phytophthora cinnamomi para evaluar resistencia de patrones comerciales y clones colectados en Colombia Andean Blackberry: Currently testing disease resistance of germplasm in Ecuador and Colombia (> 200 accessions total) Plantain: Black sigatoka ( Mycosphaerella fijiensis ) _
  27. 27. <ul><li>Lots of interest from partners in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes a barrier for market access </li></ul><ul><li>Losses ..up to 70% in some crops </li></ul><ul><li> (>1 billion US/year) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple individual projects- little sharing of </li></ul><ul><li>success stories and approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal under development. </li></ul>Fruit Fly: Regional coordination action for 4F: Fruit Fly Free Fruits.
  28. 28. Reflexions <ul><li>We are co-learning with partners </li></ul><ul><li>CIAT is well positioned to facilitate, and promote coordinated action in the region for TF research x development </li></ul><ul><li>We need to develop and test a solid strategy for scaling up. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Thanks

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