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The Amazon Eco-Regional Research Program


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Presentation by César Sabogal for the CIAT KSW 2009

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The Amazon Eco-Regional Research Program

  1. 1. The Amazon Eco-Regional Research Program “ Using science to reduce natural resource degradation and enhance livelihoods by improving collaboration across the Amazon and linking local, regional and global experiences, knowledge and action”
  2. 2. Context - The Amazon Region <ul><li>8 countries, between 5,1 (“Lesser Amazonia”) to 8,2 M sq. km (“Greater Amazonia”), > 33 M people </li></ul><ul><li>A wealth of cultural, social and natural diversity, but also a region of dire contrasts, problems and challenges </li></ul><ul><li> “ GeoAmazonia: Environment Outlook in Amazonia” (ACTO/UNEP, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Intensification of forces reshaping the region , e.g.: forest & biodiversity conservation efforts, plans for a region wide road & energy networks, land devolution to indigenous & traditional communities, etc... </li></ul><ul><li>Old problems affecting the Amazon, like deforestation, land degradation, poverty and violence have persisted </li></ul><ul><li> failed policies </li></ul><ul><li> ambiguous policies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Deforestation <ul><li>70 M ha of Amazon forest </li></ul><ul><li>cleared over the last </li></ul><ul><li>30 years,mostly in Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>30 M ha of Amazonian </li></ul><ul><li>pasture abandoned or </li></ul><ul><li>severely degraded </li></ul><ul><li>Soil erosion from slash- </li></ul><ul><li>and-burn agriculture </li></ul>
  4. 4. Two problem complexes <ul><li>Global and local values affected by rapid deforestation & habitat degradation in synergy with climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Two major implications / consequences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of globally relevant environmental services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of local people’s livelihoods </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Major Challenges  Research Responses Loss of Global ES Loss of Local ES Benefits from Forests Climate Change M&A Sustainable Land Use Systems Market Chain Developm.
  6. 6. Amazon Eco-Regional Program Priority Research Areaa Sustainable smallholder production on deforested / degraded land Benefits from forests for livelihoods and the environment Climate change: mitigation and adaptation Amazon products’ market chain development INTEGRATION THROUGH CROSS-CUTTING PROJECTS
  7. 7. <ul><li>How to mitigate and adapt to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Land use options enhancing resilience of natural/social systems </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional arrangements increasing adoption of resilient systems </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of costs and trade-offs for efficient mitigation policies </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanisms for enhanced farmer access to carbon markets </li></ul><ul><li>Positive policy/institutional settings for climate change mitigation and Payment for Environmental Services </li></ul>Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation
  8. 8. Sustainable Smallholder Production on Deforested / Degraded Land <ul><li>How to achieve adoption of sustainable land use systems in </li></ul><ul><li>deforested and degraded areas </li></ul><ul><li>Technology targeting (client group, ecosystem) </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm supply development </li></ul><ul><li>Policy research </li></ul><ul><li>Quantification and reward mechanisms for environmental services </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination and other support elements </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>How to improve the livelihoods of forest communities while maintaining the forest environment </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming production systems’ bottlenecks for underutilized native species </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing benefits of integrated forest management </li></ul><ul><li>Rewarding provision of environmental services </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of positive property and use right systems </li></ul><ul><li>Land use planning for effective policy and practices </li></ul>Benefits from Forests for Livelihoods and the Environment
  10. 10. Amazon products’ market chain development Species prioritization : Aguaje, buriti ( Mauritia flexuosa ), Açai ( Euterpe oleracea; Euterpe precatoria ), Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes ), Cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorium) and Camu-camu, cacari ( Myrciaria dubia ) How to develop fair, financially attractive, and effective market value chains for Amazon products Focus on removing constraints and identify opportunities for the development of new and existing value chains of Amazon products. This will involve research on product development and diversification as well as on benefit distribution in Amazon value chains
  11. 11. Payment for Environmental Services – Perspectives for the Legal Amazonia / MMA, Brazil Estimation and spatial analysis of costs from evited deforestation An overview study of the feasibility of PES schemes
  12. 13. <ul><li>Spatial analysis of ES </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of policies and intervention options </li></ul><ul><li>Participative identification of research and training priorities </li></ul>
  13. 14. Caracterización espacial de medios de vida Caracterización espacial del estado de servicios ambientales Identificación de respuestas adecuadas
  14. 15. <ul><li>Platform for discussion, dissemination of methods and tools, sharing of events, projects and opportunities about ES </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: Red RISAS, REDIPASA </li></ul>
  15. 16. Publication: Guide for Carbon Assessment in Small-Scale Rural Farms <ul><li>Low-cost methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of remote sensing with field methods </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring Carbon stocks above and below ground </li></ul>
  16. 17. Baseline assessment and regional database on livelihoods and environment: 14 sites; 7 countries; 2,400 households
  17. 18. RAVA – Objectives <ul><li>Generate a solid shared regional database on the degree to which communities rely on natural resources for their livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for students and faculty from Amazonian universities to engage in regional collaborative research and discuss research methodology </li></ul>Understand to what extent Amazon forests and its products, as well as agroforestry contribute to poverty alleviation and livelihood enhancement for communities in the region
  18. 19. RAVA Field research protocols <ul><li>2 community (focus groups) annual surveys at 12 month intervals </li></ul><ul><li>2 household annual surveys at 12 month intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative narratives on community socio-environmental contexts </li></ul><ul><li>4 quarterly surveys on a sample of households in the community (~ 150 hholds per study) </li></ul>
  19. 20. RAVA Research Protocols <ul><li>Methodological and analytical workshops </li></ul><ul><li>ACCESS database </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Web - page RAVA </li></ul><ul><li>INTRANET RAVA </li></ul>
  20. 21. RAVA – Communication: Intranet Forum, Chat, Mail-list
  21. 22. RAVA Web-page
  22. 23. MTP 2010 – 2011 Amazon Eco-Regional Program Research Lines/Outputs Targets/Projects 1) Mitigation and adaptation to climate change Available options, decision support tools and policy instruments for Amazon farmers and communities to mitigate and adapt to climate change and to enhance their provision of environmental services Recommendations for cost-effective and equitable reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) strategies Framework (P, C, I, V) for baseline assessments and monitoring of carbon stocks (validated through pilot locations) Policy recommendations to reduce the vulnerability of local rural economy segments and selected land use systems ( e.g. agroforestry, silvopastoral systems) to climate risk
  23. 24. Research Lines/Outputs Targets/Projects 2) Adoption of sustainable land use systems in deforested and degraded areas Improved management and technical options, decision support tools and innovative institutional arrangements to allow Amazon farmers and communities to adopt SLUS for enhanced ecosystem services provision in deforested and degraded areas Improved germplasm for a selection of Amazon agroforestry (fruit and timber tree) species through participatory domestication, and dissemination to farmers through enhanced germplasm supply systems and improved agronomic techniques Development of an online interface for the analysis of spatial data according to regional research priorities Rapid appraisal tools for agrobiodiversity, watershed functions, carbon stocks, and soil quality at landscape scale to support multi-stakeholder dialogue on SLUS validated to the Amazon context
  24. 25. Research Lines/Outputs Targets/Projects 3) Enhanced benefits from forests for livelihoods and the environment Assessment methods and decision support tools to enhance benefits from forests for the livelihoods of Amazon smallholders and traditional communities and to the environment Livelihood strategies and dependency on forests, agroforests and agriculture of smallholders Assessment and comparative analysis of driving forces and tradeoffs associated to alternative resource use systems, management regimes and livelihood strategies Assessment of multiple use forest management (MFM) experiences and recommendations and strategic future steps for policies and approaches to promote MFM
  25. 26. Research Lines/Outputs Targets/Projects 4) Fair, financially attractive market value chains for Amazon products Establishing innovative, successful ways to facilitate market value chain development for priority species Value chain development for the realization of the economic potential of Amazonian fruit tree and non-timber forest products, specifically for peach palm ( Bactris gasipaes ), aguaje ( Mauritia flexuosa ), camu-camu ( Myrciaria dubia ), cupuazu ( Theobroma grandiflorium ) and ungurahui ( Oenocarpus bataua ) Best practices for improved knowledge management and innovation systems for enhanced participation of Amazonian poor and vulnerable smallholder communities in agro-enterprises exploring new products developed from selected Amazon fruit tree and non-timber forest species
  26. 27. Training and Outreach <ul><li>Environmental services and livelihoods to apply this capacity in regional collaborative projects </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building based on research activities, prioritisicing acute training needs, as for example, in the area of incentive-based ecosystem services management and agroforestry tools </li></ul>
  27. 28. Agenda Implementation <ul><li>The Amazon Eco-Regional Program is part of the Amazon Initiative Consortium  a platform for collaborative R & D formed by institutions (NARIs, universities, NGOs), local governments & organizations) working in the Amazon region </li></ul><ul><ul><li> 28 institutions are members of the AI Consortium, in addition to the four CGIAR centers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AI Intervention Model: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design & implementation of collaborative R&D projects (Between 2005-2008: > 30 project proposals prepared, 12 approved) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing / Networking activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity strengthening (training, events…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication & dissemination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use the social & human capital built by the AI and also strengthen alliances that are strategically linked to the Program research agenda </li></ul>
  28. 30. AI TRAINING & CAPACITY BUILDING Training Events 5-year program: 3-week courses for ~ 30 AI-country extension agents 3 courses two in 2007 and 1 in 2008
  29. 31. IA-Net: AI Thematic networks’ intranet AI COMMUNICATION PROGRAM
  30. 32. Ida y Vuelta: monthly E-newsletter AI COMMUNICATION PROGRAM NoticIA: Quarterly (print)
  31. 33. Boletim Red Pan-amazonica de Germoplasma Agroforestal
  32. 34. Core support from INIA Spain <ul><li>Grants for two periods between 2005 – 2008 , US$ 1,55 M total budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal costs : US$ 297,8 K (26,1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational costs: US$ 43,1 K (3,8% ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity strengthening: US$ 105,7 K (9,3%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical events: US$ 87,2 K (7,6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative R&D agenda : US$ 219,4 (19,3%) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 35. New Proposal to INIA Spain <ul><li>Funding mainly targeted to implement collaborative research activities focused on the AI-EP research agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization strategy in 3 Research Noda to foster NARs effective participation & integration as well as increased collaboration among CG Centers . Each Research Node will develop and implement research and outreach activities aligned with the AI-EP thematic areas and the national priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Three project components: I) Collaborative Research; II) Capacity building & Outreach ; and III) Management & Coordination (up to 20% of total budget) </li></ul><ul><li>Core money to keep a “core team” to implement R&D activities (MTP ) together with national partners </li></ul><ul><li>Help strengthen research capacity at INIA Peru as the new AI Coordination Institution </li></ul>
  34. 36. Research Noda and Research Focus Research Noda Host institution Research focus (integrative project) Core partner institutions BRAZIL – Belem Embrapa Conservation incentives as mitigation strategy to climate change CIFOR ICRAF Embrapa … PERU – Lima INIA Agroforestry & sustainable forest management as strategies for adaptation to climate change ICRAF CIFOR Bioversity INIA … COLOMBIA – Cali CIAT Sustainable production systems to intensify agriculture in degraded areas CIAT Bioversity NARIs
  35. 37. Thank you – Gracias - Obrigado!!