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The African Network for Soil Biology and Fertility (AfNet)


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Presentation by Saidou Koala for the CIAT KSW 2009

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The African Network for Soil Biology and Fertility (AfNet)

  1. 1. The African Network for Soil Biology and Fertility (AfNet) Saidou Koala CIAT-TSBF Cali 19 05 09
  2. 2. The yield gap and the limitations that cause it Potential yield (Experimentation) Actual yield Yield gap <ul><li>Biophysical limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Soil fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Variety, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Which inputs are lacking? </li></ul><ul><li>Socio economic and policy limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Credit </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Why inputs are not used? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Yield Gap… <ul><li>Half of yield gap can be closed through soil nutrients and improved agricultural practices, with the other half being achieved through improved seed and suitable development policies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bridging the Yield Gap <ul><li>Better technologies, </li></ul><ul><li>more sustainable practices, </li></ul><ul><li>improved crop varieties </li></ul><ul><li>and fertilizers to improve and sustain crop productivity and prevent further degradation of agricultural lands </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bridging the Yield Gap… <ul><li>T hese technologies have to be tested and adapted to the local socio-economic conditions of the farmers </li></ul>
  6. 6. AfNet Strategy <ul><li>AfNet strategy is embedded within the Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) paradigm and in line with CIAT new strategy of Eco-Efficient Agriculture for the Poor and is operating within the two programs of ISFM and SLM of CIAT-TSBF </li></ul>
  7. 7. African Network for Soil Biology and Fertility (AfNet) <ul><li>Established in 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Single most important implementing organ of TSBF institute </li></ul><ul><li>Network of scientists working in NARES, IARCs, NGOs, CBOs, and Private sector systems in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Individual membership stands at over 450 members from East, Southern, Central and West Africa </li></ul>
  8. 8. ISFM & Eco-Efficiency <ul><li>ISFM is the application of soil fertility management practices and the knowledge to adapt these to local conditions, which optimize fertilizer and organic resource use efficiency and crop productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-Efficiency attributes are embedded in the definition of ISFM (agronomic input use efficiency, access to markets and food and good nutrition) </li></ul>
  9. 9. AfNet & Eco-Efficient Agriculture <ul><li>Through the promotion of ISFM practices, AfNet will contribute to the development of an Eco-Efficient agricultural sector driven by novel technologies, functional multidisciplinary teams responding to end-users demands, constraints and opportunities </li></ul>
  10. 10. AfNet’s Overall Goal <ul><li>To strengthen and sustain stakeholder capacity to generate, share and apply soil fertility management knowledge and skills to contribute to the welfare of farming communities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Main Focus Areas <ul><li>Research and development activities (including synthesis of research results) </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity strengthening </li></ul><ul><li>Information dissemination </li></ul>
  12. 12. Research and Development Activities <ul><li>Network trials implemented in over 100 sites </li></ul><ul><li>across SSA & spread across 3 impact zones </li></ul><ul><li>Cover all aspects of ISFM research agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Management of mineral and organic inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of legumes in cropping systems </li></ul><ul><li>Biological nitrogen fixation </li></ul><ul><li>Below ground biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Soil and water conservation </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1 2 3 4 7 6 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 <ul><li>Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Niger </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Burkina Faso </li></ul><ul><li>Cote D’Ivoire </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Togo </li></ul><ul><li>Cameroon </li></ul><ul><li>Congo (DR) </li></ul>Selected AfNet research sites Koulikoro, Fana, Niono (ICRISAT, IER) University of Abidjan-Cocody Lamto Kumasi Farakou-Ba, Kouare (INERA) Sadore, Banizoumbou Karabedji, Gaya, Gobery (ICRISAT) Zaria Lome <ul><li>Uganda </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Madagascar </li></ul>Mlingano, Sokoine university Egerton university, Nairobi university, KAR-KEFRI-ICRAF Ndere dance Troupe Makerere university NARO University of Zimbabwe Misamfu Research Centre, Chilanga University of Kisangani IRAD, University of Yaounde 15 University of Witwatersrand University of Fort Hare 16 FOFIFA 17 Chitedze More than 100 research sites in Africa
  14. 14. The Sahelian Drylands Area: 1.2 million km 2 Population: 38 million Millet & sorghum belt: 23 million ha Impact zones Tactics for implementation Humid Forest Zone Area: 5.8 million km 2 Population: 168 million Cassava belt: 18 million ha NERICA potential: 2 million ha Moist Savanna and Woodland Zones Area: 4.4 million km 2 Population: 157 million Maize belt: 32 million ha CA potential: 7 million ha S N E W 0 1000 2000 kilometers
  15. 15. Innovation platforms Provides a forum and mechanism for articulating stakeholders’ demands and matching such demands with effective and adequate supply of technologies and innovations. Tactics for implementation
  16. 16. A Soils Platform for SSA <ul><li>AFNet as a key player and future leader of the CGIAR Soils Platform </li></ul>
  17. 17. Outputs <ul><li>AfNet will contribute to outputs 1, 2 and 3 of both ISFM and SLM Programs by: </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a platform for evaluating ISFM and SLM practices at benchmark sites </li></ul><ul><li>A mechanism for rapid dissemination of innovations and best practices </li></ul><ul><li>A platform for enhancing capacity and sharing of experiences among researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Building soil health database </li></ul>
  18. 18. Investment Needs… <ul><li>Proposal to AGRA 879,000 USD (good progress) </li></ul><ul><li>EU-ACP call 792,800 Euros (pending) </li></ul><ul><li>ASARECA 115,422 USD for AfNet (good progress) </li></ul><ul><li>EU call 100,000 Euros for AfNet (good progress) </li></ul><ul><li>Many proposals in pipeline </li></ul>
  19. 19. Looking ahead <ul><li>Strengthen networking to engage a wide range of stakeholders and enhance the efficiency of ISFM and SLM research </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen links between research and extension (using the innovation platform ) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop strategic partnerships in capacity strengthening that identify and utilize the range of comparative expertise. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Looking ahead … <ul><li>Promote programmatic linkages with Universities and other educational institutions to strengthen curricula with appropriate and up-to-date information and teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Taking a lead role in the establishment of a CGIAR – Stakeholders Soils Platform for SSA </li></ul>
  21. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>AfNet is creating a framework that is adding value to CIAT –TSBF ISFM and SLM Programs through: </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating new ISFM and SLM practices and methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering interactions between ISFM and SLM Programs and the development communities </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing the capacity gaps (in scientific knowledge) </li></ul><ul><li>Active role in the establishment of a Soils Platform for SSA </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
  23. 23. Yield Gap <ul><li>Research breakthroughs on agricultural production </li></ul><ul><li>Huge gap remains between potential yields versus actual yields </li></ul><ul><li>Degraded state of its soils and lack of investment in appropriate inputs and improved soil management practices are main reason </li></ul>
  24. 24. Location of some selected long-term experiments in Africa
  25. 25. Investment needs <ul><li>Resources required for the AfNet coordination function and research (long term trials) as well as support to its stakeholders’ field research </li></ul>