Public Private Partnerships at CIAT


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Presentation by Andrés Palau for the CIAT KSW 2009

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Public Private Partnerships at CIAT

  1. 1. Título 1 <ul><li>Texto </li></ul>Public Private Partnerships at CIAT Andrés Palau Central Services Head Knowledge Sharing Week, May 18-22
  2. 2. Table of contents <ul><li>Context: CIAT’s new Strategic Directions </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Desirable characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>How does a Public Private Partnership (PPP) come together? </li></ul><ul><li>Best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Current PPP at CIAT: Agronatura Science Park </li></ul><ul><li>A few examples: Flar, Clayuca, Flipa </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Distinctive value to partners </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. CIAT’s new Strategic Directions <ul><li>Under CIAT’s new strategy, it will explore, in more depth, research activities on those aspects of particular importance to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Essentially all of its research will be conducted through partnerships with a wide array of institutions, including national research institutes, farmer and community organizations, advanced research institutes, the private sector and development agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Such integration will be achieved by networking through inter-institutional collaborative associations. The Agronatura Science Park will complement the various research partnerships in LAC. It is formed, in part, by different public, private, and civil society organizations; and national and international research and development entities. </li></ul><ul><li>In this context, the Center will emphasize three keystone partnerships: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LAC Biotechnology research platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CGIAR regional platform for soils research in sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnerships </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 2. Definition <ul><li>Public Private Partnership : a voluntary alliance between various actors from different sectors and nationalities whereby they agree to work together on areas, products/commodities or services of common interests and regional relevance, sharing knowledge, responsibilities, resources, risks and benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear objectives that are agreeable to all parties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties contribute something other than money. If it is only cash, it is a contract, not a partnership. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear definition of WHO does WHAT. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 3. Desirable Characteristics <ul><li>Public and private sector involvement : both sectors must remain actively involved in the projects or programs for which the PPP was created. (engagement, coordination, complementary resources) </li></ul><ul><li>Shared mission: CIAT is committed to PPP that contribute to the accomplishment of its own mission, enhance the effectiveness of its work and that of its partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Internationality : PPP acting throughout the world increases efficiency and effectiveness of research (do what is not redundant in countries). </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionality: PPP enhance institutional capacities and facilitates the return of member´s investment with research products and development capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>Impact pathway for delivery : PPP should promote technology and knowledge transfer to end users. </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Mobilization : PPP ´s income must be assured for the length of the partnership – joint resource mobilization efforts. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 4. How does a PPP come together? <ul><li>Partnership exploration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>internal assessment + process outline for partner selection (5W+2H questions: Who, Why, What, When, Where , How & How much) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze the potential costs, risks and benefits of entering into a PPP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify core competencies that will contribute to the PPP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnership building: consensus, trust, agreement – motivations and expectations of the PPP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess commitment and availability of resources needed to develop the PPP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess legal issues surrounding a PPP (legally binding contracts or non-contractual agreements) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintenance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>carrying out the terms of the initial agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining communications and transparency among partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducting periodic monitoring and evaluation of partnerships activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Closure or Sustainability: end or continuation of the PPP (expand, extend reshape) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 5. Best practices <ul><li>Build platforms to identify opportunities, assign roles and responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Commit resources to both, project activities and coordination efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Design mechanisms to facilitate knowledge exchanges and resolve conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop benchmarks and decision points to evaluate progress and choose to continue or terminate. </li></ul><ul><li>Create formal and informal strategies to manage and mitigate project risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit analysis of the impact pathways through which projects affect poverty. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 6. Points of view <ul><li>Center’s point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Translate research outputs into products/services for the poor – linking research with development. </li></ul><ul><li>Access new scientific knowledge from the private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Share research costs by partnering </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Access unique skills (germplasm) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new products – Brand development </li></ul><ul><li>Philanthropy/donations </li></ul><ul><li>Public Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen its commitment to International Public Goods with the Center’s & private sector´s expertise. </li></ul>Research results match stakeholders priorities.
  9. 9. 7. Current PPP at CIAT: Agronatura Science Park
  10. 10. Science Park
  11. 11. VISION - MISSION <ul><li>VISION </li></ul><ul><li>To be recognized as a science park that offers an optimal space for the promotion, location, and development of international institutions and alliances that share CIAT's mission for the purpose of generating effective and pertinent innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>MISSION </li></ul>To offer a dynamic platform for the development of cross-sectoral alliances in agricultural research and natural resource management in Latin America.
  12. 12. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES <ul><li>To strengthen the capacities of current and future members in fulfillment of its mission. </li></ul><ul><li>To serve as facilitator in the creation of public-private partnerships for carrying out high impact research, that result in high returns for poor farmers in the tropics. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide an adequate environment to achieve synergies that promote the development of scientific capabilities in agriculture, especially for the LAC region. </li></ul><ul><li>To offer CIAT’s infrastructure and services for the effective and efficient development of member’s activities. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 8. A few examples: Flar, Clayuca & Flipa <ul><li>FLAR is a novel model of partnership that brings together the public and private sectors of 15 countries of tropical and temperate Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>In strategic alliance with CIAT, FLAR offers innovative technological answers to the needs of the Latin American rice sector, which are aligned with principles of competitiveness and sustainability, and leads to the generation and transfer of technologies that preserve natural resources while reducing unit production costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic improvement for tropical and temperate zones of Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Agronomy and technology transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Economy and markets </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>CLAYUCA was established in 1999 as an alternative model. The consortium is based on strategic alliances between public and private entities to strengthen the exchange of experiences and information, transfer improved technologies and support the planning and financing of research and development activities for the cassava crop. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, CLAYUCA contributes to the improvement of living standards and the sustainable management of natural resources in those regions of Latin America and the Caribbean, where cassava cultivation occupies a significant place in agricultural production systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Research Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava production </li></ul><ul><li>Production, processing and use of cassava foliage </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanization </li></ul><ul><li>Animal feed </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava processing </li></ul><ul><li>Training and dissemination of information </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>FLIPA is a public-private alliance, whose main objective is to contribute towards attaining sustainability of the oil-palm agroindustry in tropical Latin America by carrying out research and development throughout the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Research, development and innovation topics </li></ul><ul><li>Plant health with emphasis on bud and rot and pests </li></ul><ul><li>Crop genetics related to diseases, pests and quality of oil, allowing the palm industry to become sustainable, potentiating the use of Elaeis oleifera in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer which helps close the existing gap in productivity of producers within and between member countries of FLIPA, and allows a high productivity to be reached as soon as possible. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 9. Organization <ul><li>Independent Board of Directors (CIAT & Country Representatives) </li></ul><ul><li>An Executive Director </li></ul><ul><li>Members that contribute depending on the particular partnership set of needs. </li></ul><ul><li>CIAT provides know-how and space to foster PPP. </li></ul><ul><li>CIAT also provides legal structure and legal representation before the Colombian government. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 10. Distinctive value to partners <ul><li>PPP are essential for effective research, common goals, shared resources and responsibilities and complementarities of strengths. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP facilitate access to the CGIAR’s international research capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP extends members capacity to attract funding that would otherwise be inaccessible to any individual partner. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP allow pursuing long term issues irrelevant of donor funding or politics. </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU!