Poster37: Food intake patterns among women in rural South Haiti

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Poster for CIAT 2009 Knowledge Sharing Week

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Poster37: Food intake patterns among women in rural South Haiti

  1. 1. Food Intake Patterns Among Women In Rural South Haiti Michael Dessalines1, Mousson Finnigan2, Amber Hromi-Fiedler1,3, Helena Pachón4, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla1,3 1Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 2Organization for the Rehabilitation of the Environment (ORE), Camp-Perrin, Haiti, 3Connecticut NIH EXPORT Center of Excellence for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos, Storrs, CT, 4International Center for Tropical Agriculture, CIAT, Cali, Colombia Abstract Results Fruits and vegetables Breads and cereals Dairy & protein group Snacks & drinks We applied a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) to 153 mothers of % consumed in past 3 months %>3 times per week % consumed in past 3 months %>3 times per week % consumed in past 3 months % > 3 times per week % consumed in past 3 months % > 3 times per week children under five years old in rural South Haiti from June to late July 100 100 90 100 90 2007. The FFQ contained 55 items and used a 3 months reference 90 90 80 80 70 80 time period. Over the previous 3 months, the majority of women 80 70 60 70 reported consuming at least once fruits (98.7%), rice (98.7%), local 60 70 60 60 50 bread (96.7%), mangos (96.7%), corn (95.4%), plantains (94%), % % 50 % 50 % 50 40 carrots (93.5%), and sweet potatoes (92.8%), followed by fish (85.0%), 40 40 40 30 salty snacks (85.0%), raw milk (83.0%), chicken (81.0%), beef 30 30 20 30 20 (80.4%), papaya (78.9%), concentrated milk (60.8%), liver (53.6%), 20 20 10 10 10 and watermelon (52.3%). However, the median consumption for most 10 0 0 0 0 nutrient dense foods was less than 2 times per week. Only plantain, r ilk ilk er t se h p ef n rk ab tt e ks e ea a ur ice pla p a e e er on pu in la es m uce in it pa o at aya o ts as ra s s rim fis n ke d t ti rn d ic ra rk od ad u in e fr u be po od ffe m liv at an m et g ee a ko ke rr o co ac ea cr be pk ea lt bu ki ok ri c so he el pe ju ju an co po w ic ok nt re be m rs sh beans, rice, local bread and mangoes were consumed 3 or more times tt co ts w d p oo a be ic ch sn m m am br br ch ca le ag d te it rb m ut n to lb ra n & ch & la er fr u die re tc ki ee a te at an he y sp rb ca s gu e or e lt & hi he ee an ric ba gr pe sa wd lo w pu ap re w per week. Among foods consumed by the majority, the following were s & w sw be an po m ev e ri c be & u rh e infrequently consumed (i.e. median less or equal 2 times a week): Summary of Dietary Intake Results:% women consuming foods >3 times per week & ri c e ri c watermelon, sweet potatoes, papaya, pumpkin, carrots, liver, chicken, Tubers % consumed in past 3 months %>3 times per week <25% 25-50% 50-75% >75% beef, fish, salty snacks, concentrated milk and kola. The above 100 results suggest a need for micronutrient enhanced foods in the area to 90 alleviate potential micronutrient deficiencies. We are currently exploring papaya green peas peanut butter raw milk coffee mangoes 80 the potential contributions that orange fleshed sweet potatoes can 70 make towards this goal. Funded by CIDA (7034161) through a grant 60 water melon tomatoes evaporated milk pork fruit juice local bread to the Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). % 50 40 lettuce cheese corn powdered plantain rice (includes 30 juice mixed dishes) 20 Study Design 10 0 white yam yellow yam sweet potato pumpkin chicken sweet and salty fruits beans Fieldworker training session •Location: Camp-Perrin, South Haiti Seasonal consumption of sweet potatoes soup snacks •Cross-sectional, convenience sample % of seasonal consumption %>3 times per week pumpkin beef white bread wheat bread herbal tea •N=153 healthy non-pregnant mothers with children < 5 y 100 90 •55-item Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Items per food group 80 were: Fruits & vegetables (15 items), milk, dairy & protein foods (10 70 okra crab soda (regular/diet) items), bread & cereals (10 items), snacks & drinks (11 items), tubers 60 and kola (3 items), sweet potato seasonality (6 items) % 50 40 •Survey applied in Creole by three fieldworkers trained, standardized 30 carrots sweet potatoes liver and closely monitored 20 10 •Study conducted in the context of a larger study whose objective was beets yams fish 0 to evaluate the potential for biofortified sweet potato to improve vitamin White skin White skin Yellow skin Yellow skin Red skin in Red skin in Fieldworker conducting food intake interview A intake among pre-school children and their mothers in winter in summer in winter in summer winter summer green peas alcoholic beverages Note: Winter or raining season: April to June, October and November Summer or dry season: November to March Participants’ Background Characteristics Participants' background characteristics (N=153) Conclusion n % or mean (SD) • Foods consumed by the majority of women at least 3 times per Maternal age (years) 153 32.0 (7.0) week were staples such as rice, beans, plantains, mangoes and Child age (months) 153 30.7 (12.6) local bread. Elementary school not completed (%) 68 44.4 • Mangoes played an important role in the diet during the season Farming (%) 91 59.5 when the study was conducted. Income <$30.00 per month (%) 100 65.4 • Foods consumed infrequently included nutrient dense foods such Child with diarrhea past 2 weeks (%) 39 25.5 as vegetables, several fruits, animal protein and dairy foods. Child with malaria (in past 2 months %) 51 33.3 • Results indicate that the quality of the diet consumed by the target Child stunting [< -2 HAZ] (%) 62 43.4 women was very low. Maternal BMI • There is a need for micronutrient enhanced foods in the area to Underweight [<20 kg/m2] (%) 52 34.0 alleviate potential micronutrient deficiencies. Adequate weight [20 - <25 kg/m2] (%) 77 50.3 Overweight [25 - <30 kg/m2] (%) 19 12.4 Obese [ >30 kg/m2] (%) 5 3.3 Fieldworker with participant Children from a participating household

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