Integrated Soil Fertility Management

6,161 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,161
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
191
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
925
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Integrated Soil Fertility Management

  1. 1. Integrated Soil Fertility Management
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Progress against outputs and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>ISFM and the CRPs </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics and Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background GOAL The Goal of ISFM is to improve the livelihoods of people relying on agriculture in the impact zones in sub-Saharan Africa by developing and creating an enabling environment for disseminating sustainable, profitable, socially just, nutrient-dense, and resilient agricultural production systems based on Integrated Soil Fertility Management
  4. 4. Definition of ISFM ‘ The application of soil fertility management practices , and the knowledge to adapt these to local conditions , which optimize fertilizer and organic resource use efficiency and crop productivity. These practices necessarily include appropriate fertilizer and organic input management in combination with the utilization of improved germplas m ’ Background
  5. 5. Impact zones Background Impact zones - SSA
  6. 6. Background Impact zones – Latin America
  7. 7. Activities 1. Strategic research on ISFM for cereal-legume systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2. Adaptive, participatory research on best ISFM practices for cereal-legume systems. 3. Development of a stakeholder-specific decision support framework for ISFM in cereal-legume systems. 4. Creating an enabling environment for uptake of ISFM practices, focusing on improved access to markets and better health and nutrition. 5. Development of functional impact pathways for dissemination of ISFM practices in cereal-legume systems Progress against outputs and outcomes ISFM for legume- cereal based systems in sub- Saharan Africa promoted Output 1
  8. 8. BCR = 3.3 8.1 -1.3 $ $ -1 Progress against outputs and outcomes Soybean yield response to inoculant
  9. 9. Progress against outputs and outcomes With manure and NPK Without inputs Productivity of climbing beans to benefit systems
  10. 10. Progress against outputs and outcomes Rotational benefits of climbing beans and soybean
  11. 11. Progress against outputs and outcomes Number of farmers reached with legumes – N2Africa – April 2011
  12. 12. Progress against outputs and outcomes Private-Public Partnership Kenya – PROMISADOR (South Africa) contracts for 4000 tonnes of smallholder soybean by 2012; partnership TSBF – PROMISADOR – SMART LOGISTICS - SEEDCO
  13. 13. Progress against outputs and outcomes Activities 1. Strategic research on ISFM for cassava and banana-based systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2. Adaptive, participatory research on best ISFM practices for cassava and banana-based systems. 3. Development of a stakeholder-specific decision support framework for ISFM in cassava and banana-based systems. 4. Creating an enabling environment for uptake of ISFM practices, focusing on improved access to markets and better health and nutrition. 5. Development of functional impact pathways for dissemination of ISFM practices in cassava and banana-based systems. ISFM for cassava-, and banana-based systems in humid sub-Saharan Africa assembled Output 2
  14. 14. Progress against outputs and outcomes <ul><li>Spontaneous adoption of alternative intercropping systems Various NGOs are testing these agronomy practices in East DRC, Rwanda, Burundi (e.g., Great Lakes Cassava Initiative) </li></ul><ul><li> Over 10% of farmers in the Action Sites are actively using the new intercropping systems while over 30% know about it. These figures are 10 and 25% in Satellite Sites </li></ul>Adoption in East DR Congo CRS visit to DR Congo sites ISFM for cassava systems, Sud Kivu, East DRCongo
  15. 15. Progress against outputs and outcomes ISFM for cassava systems, Kiduma, West DRCongo
  16. 16. Progress against outputs and outcomes Activities 1. Strategic research on ISFM for maize-bean based Quesungual agroforestry systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2. Adaptive, participatory research on best ISFM practices for improving eco-efficiency of agroforestry and livestock systems. ISFM for conservation agriculture systems in Central America assembled Output 3
  17. 17. <ul><li>Agronomic efficiency in both crops can be further increased through adoption of improved varieties </li></ul>Progress against outputs and outcomes
  18. 18. <ul><li>ADA funded project in Nicaragua (Tropical Forages, TSBF-LAC, BOKU, INTA, UNA) </li></ul>Progress against outputs and outcomes <ul><li>From current practice </li></ul><ul><li>To: </li></ul><ul><li>Organic resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm </li></ul>
  19. 19. ISFM and the CRPs <ul><li>MP1.2 – Humid tropics + IITA </li></ul><ul><li>MP5 – Water scarcity and land degradation + IWMI </li></ul><ul><li>MP1.1 – Dryland systems + ICARDA/ICRISAT </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 – Rice-based systems + IRRI/WARDA </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 – Pulses + ICARDA/ICRISAT </li></ul>
  20. 20. ISFM and the CRPs – CRP 1.2
  21. 21. ISFM and the CRPs – CRP 1.2
  22. 22. ISFM and the CRPs – CRP 1.2
  23. 23. ISFM and the CRPs – CRP 5
  24. 24. Statistics and Challenges 100% N2Africa Project leader Dashiell, Kenton 100% M&E specialist De Wolf, Judith 25% Nutritionist Nyagayah, Martha 100% Agronomist Baijukya, Fred 75% Soil Scientist Vanlauwe, Bernard 50% 50% Agronomist African Network Coordinator Roing, Kristina Saidou, Koala 100% Soil scientist Pypers, Pieter 100% Forage Agronomist Maass, Brigitte 100% Microbiologist Lesueur, Didier 100% Microbiologist Jefwa, Joyce 25% SLM Program Leader Huising, Jeroen 100% Microbiology Engineer Hermann, Laetitia 100% 30% Market Economist Soil Scientist Birachi, Eliud Castro, Aracely
  25. 25. Statistics and Challenges
  26. 26. Statistics and Challenges 100% 6,045,194 Total Expenditures 1% 81,506 Non Research Cost 99% 6,243,443 Direct Expenditures 91% 5,731,878 Sub Total Restricted 2% 150,000 Water and Food CP 0% 2,174 Sub Sahara Africa CP 88% 5,579,704 Special projects     Restricted 8% 511,566 Sub-total Core 0% 0 Restricted Core 8% 511,566 Unrestricted Core TSBF PROPORTION (%) AMOUNT (US$) SOURCE
  27. 27. Statistics and Challenges <ul><li>Major challenges: </li></ul><ul><li> High staff turnover </li></ul><ul><li> Loss of specific capacity and lack of funds to replace this (e.g., socio- economist) </li></ul><ul><li>Very limited amounts of institutional support (far less than other CIAT research areas </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support to maintain essential functions (e.g., laboratory equipment, offices) </li></ul><ul><li>Payment for services to different institutes (CIAT, ICRAF, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Complex sub-contracting processes through HQ, even for minimal amounts of funding </li></ul><ul><li>[Note: Similar comments have been presented during past board meetings…] </li></ul>
  28. 28. The future...
  29. 29. The future... Output 1: Functional soil biodiversity with specific focus on enhancing nutrient use efficiency and other ecosystem services Output 2: Developing ISFM principles within crop-livestock and rice-based systems and conservation agriculture for maximum productivity, profitability, and equity Output 3: Guiding principles for maximizing water and nutrient use efficiency through locally adapted deployment of fertilizer , resilient legume germplasm , and biological inoculants Output 4: Input and output markets and better health and nutrition as drivers for the adoption of ISFM Output 5: Fostering dissemination of developed ISFM products and associated knowledge systems
  30. 30. The future... <ul><li>New opportunities towards a stronger TSBF and a stronger CIAT… </li></ul><ul><li>TSBF-CIAT – IITA alliance for soils as an example of the new CGIAR </li></ul><ul><li>CRP 1.2, CRP 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a soils platform in Africa (and other regions): TSBF, IITA, ICRAF, IFDC, IPNI, etc </li></ul>
  31. 31. The future...
  32. 32. Thank you!

×