Inger and met

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Inger and met

  1. 1. INGER and MET Ed Redoña INGER Coordinator International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) DAPO 7777, Manila, Philippines e.redona@cgiar.org1st GRISP Workshop for Rice Breeders in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) CIAT, Palmira, Colombia 20-23 February 2012
  2. 2. International Network for Genetic Evaluation of Rice (INGER)• A consortia of national agricultural research extension systems (NARES) and international agricultural research centers (IARCs) on rice varietal evaluation and exchange of breeding material• Established in 1975 as the International Rice Testing Program (IRTP)• Renamed as INGER in 1989• INGER-Global; INGER-Africa; INGER-Latin America
  3. 3. INGER Test Sites• 100s of rice scientists, 600 research stations, 85 countries
  4. 4. INGER and Germplasm Exchange• 54,379 entries evaluated• 2,894,050 seed samples shared
  5. 5. Overall Impact • Direct releases: 1080 introduced INGER entries released directly as varieties in 74 countries • Used as parents: more than 20,000 crosses made in 51 countries using parents from 68 countries • Breeding lines from these crosses extracted and 1097 released as varieties in 16 countries. 17 NARES: source of parents
  6. 6. INGER Mechanism Elite breeding lines originate from different countries Lines entered in INGER • 50 types of nurseries for evaluation trials since 1975 Promising materials • 2011: 8 identified major types Used in national programs Used in center breeding programsHybridized with Tested in Released to farmerslocally-adapted yield trials varieties
  7. 7. Types of Nurseries 2006-2011
  8. 8. INGER Nurseries Worldwide (2006-2011)• 29 nursery types; 6,717 lines/varieties from 49 NARES,IRRI, Africa Rice, and CIAT• 3,048 sets/ 233,454 seed packets were sent to 57 cooperating countries (14 countries in Africa)
  9. 9. INGER Nursery Sets Dispatched to LAC countries (1985-2011) 140 120 100 No. of sets 80 60 40 20 0 19 5 19 6 19 7 19 8 19 9 19 0 19 1 19 2 19 3 19 4 19 5 19 6 19 7 19 8 20 9 20 0 20 1 20 2 20 3 20 4 20 5 20 6 20 7 20 8 20 9 20 0 11 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 19 Total of 1,161 nursery sets were dispatched by INGER to LAC countries since 1985.
  10. 10. INGER Nurseries Evaluated in LAC countries INGER nurseries Entries tested in LAC countries from 1990 to 2010Focal area Nurseries Focal area Nurseries 1990- 1993- 1996- 1999- 2002- 2005- 2008- COUNTRYEcosystems/ 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 Biotic stressescropping systems ARGENTINA 395 179 205 1169 628Irrigated Rice IIRON Blast IRBN BOLIVIA 106 545 869 429 533 313 213Rainfed lowland BRAZIL 1795 1629 959 777 929 1120 1198 IRLON Bacterial blight IRBBNrice CHILE 651 714 789 670Upland rice IURON Tungro/viruses IRTN COLOMBIA 1984 1586 1334 326 1427 Brown COSTA RICA 405Temperate rice IRTON IRBPHN planthopper CUBA 151Aerobic rice AERON Stem borer IRSBN DOMINICAN REP 989Boro rice IRBON Special sets ECUADOR 414 578 485Hybrid rice IRHON Grain quality IRFAON GUYANA 314 499 33 INEVDUS HAITI 165Abiotic stresses DUST or T HONDURAS 166 112 430 Example MEXICO 2000 367 78Drought IRDTN varieties NICARAGUA 525 257Submergence IRLON Yield Trials IRVYT, PARAGUAY 176Salinity/soil IRSSTN URVYT,stressesCold IRCTN IRLYNHeat IRHTN IIRYN Some 32,704 entries were tested in nine ecosystem- and 10 stress-oriented nurseries in 15 LAC countries from 1990 to 2010.
  11. 11. INGER Seed Samples Dispatched to LAC countries (1985-2011) ARGENTINA SURINAME CHILE 4% 5% 4% DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 4% VENEZUELA PERU 4% BOLIVIA 8% 3% ECUADOR 3% BRAZIL HONDURAS 19% Other 2% 17% NICARAGUA 2% COLOMBIA 16% MEXICO 19% OTHERS 7%A total of 114,929 seed samples were dispatched by INGER to 24 LAC countries since 1985. Majority ofentries were evaluated in Brazil (19%), Mexico (19%), and Colombia (16%).
  12. 12. Germplasm Contributions to INGER from LAC (1975-2011) MEXICO SURINAME 1% ECUADOR 1% 1% CHILE OTHERS* PERU 2% 2% 2% COLOMBIA CUBA 4% 5% ARGENTINA 5% BRAZIL 8% CIAT 3,150 elite lines were received from 69% LAC countries which enriched the INGER germplasm pool with major contributions from CIAT (69%), Brazil (8%), and Argentina (5%). * Includes Guyana, Dominican Rep., Panama, Uruguay, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Haiti, Guatamela, Nicaraguia, Jamaica
  13. 13. LAC Elite Lines/Varieties in INGER Nurseries (2000-2010) Number of LAC elite lines tested in INGER nurseries (2000-2010) 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 RP NA E T R O IL U AY A E BA R NA A A IL O M IC BI AZ R O AM CI TI U CU PE D CH YA AN NA AD M EX BR UG EN UA N LO U IC RI LV M PA G EC UR G CO SU IN SA AR M DO EL Top LAC-bred elite lines/varieties that performed well in INGER nurseries from 2000 to 2010 ORIGIN DESIGNATION NURSERY COLOMBIA 18447 IIRON, IRBBN, IRBN BRAZIL 86945-1 IIRON, IRBBN, IRBN MEXICO C 217CU87-4-SM-SM IRBBN, IRTN, IRBPHN Of 378 elite lines tested in INGER nurseries (2001-2010) originating in LAC countries, ‘18447’, ‘86945-1’, and C217CU87-4-SM-SM were the best performers.
  14. 14. Direct Varietal Releases through INGER (1978-2008)At least 65 varieties from seven Asian countries were released in 22 LAC countries, including IR579-160-2 (releasedin 17 countries). Conversely, 17 elite breeding lines from LAC were released in four Asian and five African countries,with Dourado Precoce released twice in Africa.
  15. 15. INGER National Coordinators in LAC countries Country Country/National Coordinator InstitutionArgentina Dr. Alfredo R. Marin INTA (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria)Belize Dr. Robert Shank Ministry of AgricultureBrazil Dr. Flavio Breseghello EMBRAPA Rice and Beans Dr. Adriano Pereira de Castro Genetica e Melhoramento de Plantas Dr. Pericles De Carvalho Neves CNPAF/ EMBRAPA Dr. Beatriz Da Silveira Pinheiro Embrapa Rice And Beans Embrapa Arroz E FeijãoBolivia Ing. Rene Guzman CIATColombia Dr. César P. Martinez CIAT Dr. Edgar Alonso Torres Toro CIAT – National Rice Foundation VenezuelaChile Ing. Agr. M.Sc. Viviana L. Becerra Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Dr. Eduardo Alejandro Perez Torres Centro Regional de Investigacion, Quilampu Dr. Patricio C. Parodi Universidad Catolica de Temuco Karla Cordero Lara Mehoramiento Genetico de Arroz Dr. Rodrigo Ortega Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa MariaCuba Engr. Jorge Luis Hernandez Concepcion National Rice Research InstituteEcuador Ing. Agr. MSc. Francisco Antonio Andrade España National Institute of Agronomical Research (INIAP) Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia (MAG) - Direccion deParaguay Ingr. Agr. Raul Dejesus Gomez Jara Investigacion Agricola (DIA)Peru Engr. Elizabeth Consuelo Heros Aguilar Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina Ing. Msc. Orlando Palacios Agurto Programa Nacional De Arroz Dr. Carlos B. Bruzzone Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agraria (INIA)Suriname Mr. Jerry Roy Tjoe Awie Anne van Dijk Rijstonderzoekscentrum Nickerie (ADRON)Uruguay Ing. Agr. Pedro H. Blanco National Agricultural Research Institute (INIA)Venezuela Dr. Iris B. Perez-Almeida INIA-CENIAP Dr. Pedro Luis Cordero Fundacion Nacional del Arroz (FUNDARROZ) Luis Eduardo Berrio Av. Eduardo Chollet Zona Industrial de Araure
  16. 16. INGER Website:http://seeds.irri.org/ingerSome Functionalities: Procedures on requesting nurseries/breeding lines Submit data trials Get information Download annual reports & other publications Retrieve forms View DNA barcodes Read news from different NARES partners Find contacts Links to training opportunities available at IRRI Varietal releases
  17. 17. Nursery Request Procedure thru National Coordinators1. Fill-out nursery request form (format below) and send to National Coordinator, copy to Connie Toledo, (m.toledo@cgiar.org ). Coordinator sends consolidated nursery request to IRRI (e.redona@cgiar.org; m.toledo@cgiar.org). Nursery Test Location Cooperator’s Name Position Research Address E-mail Seeding Institute address date2. Relevant country authority sends e-mail to IRRI (e.redona@cgiar.org, m.toledo@cgiar.org) stating “In behalf of all the INGER cooperators in ____ and as per our guidelines, I agree to the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA) for the INGER nursery shipment covered by Import Permit ________’.3. Country authority to send to IRRI in January the original copy of the import permit tocover consolidated nursery shipment to the country.
  18. 18. Procedure for Sending Seeds to IRRI1. Seed list containing the names of the varieties/breeding lines being sent to IRRI, seed amounts, and other basic information (format below). This information is needed for application of Philippine import permit. The original copy will be mailed to you and should be sent along with the seeds to IRRI.2. Secure phytosanitary certificate from your country’s plant quarantine service.3. An e-mail sent to IRRI (e.redona@cgiar.org) stating “My Institution agrees to provide the materials under the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA)”.4. 4. When shipping the seeds, kindly direct it to the following address: Dr. E. Redoña c/o Seed Health Unit International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines• For handcarried samples, these should be forwarded to the Seed Health Unit upon arrival here at IRRI.
  19. 19. GRISP Germplasm Exchange• Status – Relatively strong via INGER/ABTF/FLAR in the different regions but needs further strengthening to involve more countries and make it multilateral and sustainable• Challenges – Sustainability, IPR, import permits, quarantine restrictions, non-compliance, limited public-private sector exchange, tight logistical requirements, limited information flow/poor data return• Specific points to address – How to get more countries involved in germplasm exchange in a sustainable manner? » Awareness promotion, Royalties/Incentives to product developers, Entry nomination and testing fee, Patronage privilege or incentive scheme for nominators, Full cost recovery schemes, Consortia (HRDC/FLAR), NARES counterpart funding – How to make exchange bidirectional within and between regions? » Clear IP policies, reestablish INGER in LAC/CIAT, Special IP agreements with private sector – At what stage should germplasm be exchanged? » MET1 as entry points for IRRI, Africa Rice, private sector; MET2 to MET3 for NARES and LAC – How to solve import permit/quarantine/phytosanitary certification problems » Training and information dissemination to effect policy changes – How to get more data back » Harmonization & training on trial & data protocols; Incentives/penalties; Digitization/automation/ electronic data recording/web-based reporting; Data return as part of IP agreement
  20. 20. Self-Study Course on Germplasm Transfershttp://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/smta/ •Online self-study guide designed to help researchers better understand the intellectual property rights & phytosanitary issues involved when moving rice germplasm to or from IRRI. •Aims to avoid breaches of legislation when germplasm is exchanged.
  21. 21. Breeding @ IRRI with MET MET 8-9 years
  22. 22. MET Goal & ObjectivesGoal• To establish a systematic, sequential, multistage, and multi-environment testing (MET) system for elite breeding lines, managed through one entity, in order to improve overall breeding efficiency.Objectives• To identify elite breeding lines with high and stable yields and wide adaptation across a target population of environments that can be the future mega-varieties;• To be able to select superior breeding materials adapted to one or more specific environment(s) and agro-ecologies;• To develop and deploy varieties and breeding products to specific market segments;• To exploit genotype, environment, and genotype x environment (G X E) interaction contributions to varietal performance in releasing breeding products to one or more target environments;• To generate earlier feedback to breeders on trait performance and identify trait packages needed for molecular breeding;• To improve partnerships with public, NGO, and private sectors who may have roles to play at certain testing/variety development stages.
  23. 23. Irrigated Pedigree Nurseries (PN) (F6-F7 lines) Observational Yield Trials MET 2010: concept Stage 1 MET 600 lines from/for Observation Yield Trials (OYT) including lines from local breeding programs 2011: field Growth duration/grain quality subsets (incl. for rice-wheat systems) tested in subsets of locations (5-10) Subset of lines (40-50) tested across locations 5 reference materials/checks; 5-10 local breeding lines Row-column design; Two replications; 5.2 m2 plots@5 rows x 26 hills Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia; interface with STRASA/breeding networks 20 g per location = 120 g seed required/entry Climate, soil, agronomic practices, performance data collected, analyzed and endorsed to breeders to select the lines to advance Smaller INGER Nurseries Stage 2 MET (elite IRRI/ NARES entries only) in 140 breeding lines in replicated yield tests (15-25% selection intensity) non-MET countries and other sites 10 locations under key sites in stratified environments in MET countries 5 reference materials/checks Best materials from other NARES identified from INGER nurseries Row column-design with 2 reps in 10 m2 plots 200 g per location = 2.2 kg seed required/entry Hotspot screening for insects Climate, soil, agronomic practices, varietal performance analyzed & used by to select lines to advance & and pathogens (e.g. Midsayap, enter in INGER nurseries Maruteru, Sukamandi) Stage 3 MET National Trials Conducted by NARES/PartnersNGOs, Seed sector, 30 IRRI elite lines to be nominated each year - top 5 most stable across MET sites & top 5 location-specificMillers, PVS trials Number of locations per agro-ecology varies from country to country (20 in the Philippines)to generate 3 reps in 20 m2 plotsfeedback/data 400 g per location = 5 kg seed required/entry Climate, soil, agronomic practices, varietal performance data collected, analyzed & endorsed to Variety Release Committee Breeder/Foundation Seed Production (Strip plots at IRRI) Varietal Release 1-2 elite lines/year Decided by NARES/Partners thru their Varietal Release Committees or directly commercialized by the private sector IRRI to provide variety fact sheets, advertise in the Knowledge Bank Commercial Rice Production
  24. 24. MET1-IR 2012 DS Module 1. Very early/Early Rep. 1 Rep. 2 5001 5110 5111 5220 5221 5330 5331 5440 6001 6110 6111 6220 6221 6330 6331 6440 5002 5109 5112 5219 5222 5329 5332 5439 6002 6109 6112 6219 6222 6329 6332 6439 5003 5108 5113 5218 5223 5328 5333 5438 6003 6108 6113 6218 6223 6328 6333 6438 5004 5107 5114 5217 5224 5327 5334 5437 6004 6107 6114 6217 6224 6327 6334 6437• Row-column 5005 5106 5115 5216 5225 5326 5335 5436 6005 6106 6115 6216 6225 6326 6335 6436 5006 5105 5116 5215 5226 5325 5336 5435 6006 6105 6116 6215 6226 6325 6336 6435 5007 5104 5117 5214 5227 5324 5337 5434 6007 6104 6117 6214 6227 6324 6337 6434 5008 5103 5118 5213 5228 5323 5338 5433 6008 6103 6118 6213 6228 6323 6338 6433 5009 5102 5119 5212 5229 5322 5339 5432 6009 6102 6119 6212 6229 6322 6339 6432 5010 5101 5120 5211 5230 5321 5340 5431 6010 6101 6120 6211 6230 6321 6340 6431 design, 2 reps 5011 5100 5121 5012 5099 5122 5013 5098 5123 5014 5097 5124 5015 5096 5125 5210 5209 5208 5207 5206 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5320 5319 5318 5317 5316 5341 5342 5343 5344 5345 5430 5429 5428 5427 5426 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6100 6099 6098 6097 6096 6121 6122 6123 6124 6125 6210 6209 6208 6207 6206 6231 6232 6233 6234 6235 6320 6319 6318 6317 6316 6341 6342 6343 6344 6345 6430 6429 6428 6427 6426 5016 5095 5126 5205 5236 5315 5346 5425 6016 6095 6126 6205 6236 6315 6346 6425• 5.2x1 m2 plot size 5017 5094 5127 5204 5237 5314 5347 5424 6017 6094 6127 6204 6237 6314 6347 6424 5018 5093 5128 5203 5238 5313 5348 5423 6018 6093 6128 6203 6238 6313 6348 6423 5019 5092 5129 5202 5239 5312 5349 5422 6019 6092 6129 6202 6239 6312 6349 6422 5020 5091 5130 5201 5240 5311 5350 5421 6020 6091 6130 6201 6240 6311 6350 6421 5021 5090 5131 5200 5241 5310 5351 5420 6021 6090 6131 6200 6241 6310 6351 6420 5022 5089 5132 5199 5242 5309 5352 5419 6022 6089 6132 6199 6242 6309 6352 6419 5023 5088 5133 5198 5243 5308 5353 5418 6023 6088 6133 6198 6243 6308 6353 6418• 600 entries: 5024 5087 5134 5025 5086 5135 5026 5085 5136 5027 5084 5137 5028 5083 5138 5197 5196 5195 5194 5193 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5307 5306 5305 5304 5303 5354 5355 5356 5357 5358 5417 5416 5415 5414 5413 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6087 6086 6085 6084 6083 6134 6135 6136 6137 6138 6197 6196 6195 6194 6193 6244 6245 6246 6247 6248 6307 6306 6305 6304 6303 6354 6355 6356 6357 6358 6417 6416 6415 6414 6413 5029 5082 5139 5192 5249 5302 5359 5412 6029 6082 6139 6192 6249 6302 6359 6412 – 400 early and 5030 5081 5140 5031 5080 5141 5032 5079 5142 5033 5078 5143 5191 5190 5189 5188 5250 5251 5252 5253 5301 5300 5299 5298 5360 5361 5362 5363 5411 5410 5409 5408 6030 6031 6032 6033 6081 6080 6079 6078 6140 6141 6142 6143 6191 6190 6189 6188 6250 6251 6252 6253 6301 6300 6299 6298 6360 6361 6362 6363 6411 6410 6409 6408 checks 5034 5077 5144 5187 5254 5297 5364 5407 6034 6077 6144 6187 6254 6297 6364 6407 5035 5076 5145 5186 5255 5296 5365 5406 6035 6076 6145 6186 6255 6296 6365 6406 5036 5075 5146 5185 5256 5295 5366 5405 6036 6075 6146 6185 6256 6295 6366 6405 5037 5074 5147 5184 5257 5294 5367 5404 6037 6074 6147 6184 6257 6294 6367 6404 5038 5073 5148 5183 5258 5293 5368 5403 6038 6073 6148 6183 6258 6293 6368 6403 5039 5072 5149 5182 5259 5292 5369 5402 6039 6072 6149 6182 6259 6292 6369 6402 – 200 medium and 5040 5071 5150 5041 5070 5151 5042 5069 5152 5043 5068 5153 5181 5180 5179 5178 5260 5261 5262 5263 5291 5290 5289 5288 5370 5371 5372 5373 5401 5400 5399 5398 6040 6041 6042 6043 6071 6070 6069 6068 6150 6151 6152 6153 6181 6180 6179 6178 6260 6261 6262 6263 6291 6290 6289 6288 6370 6371 6372 6373 6401 6400 6399 6398 5044 5067 5154 5177 5264 5287 5374 5397 6044 6067 6154 6177 6264 6287 6374 6397 checks 5045 5066 5155 5046 5065 5156 5047 5064 5157 5048 5063 5158 5176 5175 5174 5173 5265 5266 5267 5268 5286 5285 5284 5283 5375 5376 5377 5378 5396 5395 5394 5393 6045 6046 6047 6048 6066 6065 6064 6063 6155 6156 6157 6158 6176 6175 6174 6173 6265 6266 6267 6268 6286 6285 6284 6283 6375 6376 6377 6378 6396 6395 6394 6393 5049 5062 5159 5172 5269 5282 5379 5392 6049 6062 6159 6172 6269 6282 6379 6392 5050 5061 5160 5171 5270 5281 5380 5391 6050 6061 6160 6171 6270 6281 6380 6391• 1 hectare 5051 5060 5161 5052 5059 5162 5053 5058 5163 5054 5057 5164 5055 5056 5165 5170 5169 5168 5167 5166 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5280 5279 5278 5277 5276 5381 5382 5383 5384 5385 5390 5389 5388 5387 5386 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6060 6059 6058 6057 6056 6161 6162 6163 6164 6165 6170 6169 6168 6167 6166 6271 6272 6273 6274 6275 6280 6279 6278 6277 6276 6381 6382 6383 6384 6385 6390 6389 6388 6387 6386 7001 7060 7061 Module 2. Medium/Late 7120 7121 7180 7181 7240 Rep. 2 8001 8060 8061 8120 8121 8180 8181 8240 Rep. 1 7002 7059 7062 7119 7122 7179 7182 7239 8002 8059 8062 8119 8122 8179 8182 8239 7003 7058 7063 7118 7123 7178 7183 7238 8003 8058 8063 8118 8123 8178 8183 8238 7004 7057 7064 7117 7124 7177 7184 7237 8004 8057 8064 8117 8124 8177 8184 8237 7005 7056 7065 7116 7125 7176 7185 7236 8005 8056 8065 8116 8125 8176 8185 8236 7006 7055 7066 7115 7126 7175 7186 7235 8006 8055 8066 8115 8126 8175 8186 8235 7007 7054 7067 7114 7127 7174 7187 7234 8007 8054 8067 8114 8127 8174 8187 8234 Very Early/Early 7008 7053 7068 7113 7128 7173 7188 7233 8008 8053 8068 8113 8128 8173 8188 8233 7009 7052 7069 7112 7129 7172 7189 7232 8009 8052 8069 8112 8129 8172 8189 8232 7010 7051 7070 7111 7130 7171 7190 7231 8010 8051 8070 8111 8130 8171 8190 8231 Medium/Late 7011 7050 7071 7110 7131 7170 7191 7230 8011 8050 8071 8110 8131 8170 8191 8230 7012 7049 7072 7109 7132 7169 7192 7229 8012 8049 8072 8109 8132 8169 8192 8229 7013 7048 7073 7108 7133 7168 7193 7228 8013 8048 8073 8108 8133 8168 8193 8228 Checks 7014 7047 7074 7107 7134 7167 7194 7227 8014 8047 8074 8107 8134 8167 8194 8227 7015 7046 7075 7106 7135 7166 7195 7226 8015 8046 8075 8106 8135 8166 8195 8226 7016 7045 7076 7105 7136 7165 7196 7225 8016 8045 8076 8105 8136 8165 8196 8225 7017 7044 7077 7104 7137 7164 7197 7224 8017 8044 8077 8104 8137 8164 8197 8224
  25. 25. MET2-IR 2012 DS Module 1. Very early/Early Rep. 1 Rep. 2 1001 1060 1061 1120 2001 2060 2061 2120 1002 1059 1062 1119 2002 2059 2062 2119 1003 1058 1063 1118 2003 2058 2063 2118 1004 1057 1064 1117 2004 2057 2064 2117• Row-column design, 1005 1056 1065 1116 2005 2056 2065 2116 1006 1055 1066 1115 2006 2055 2066 2115 1007 1054 1067 1114 2007 2054 2067 2114 1008 1053 1068 1113 2008 2053 2068 2113 2 reps 1009 1052 1069 1010 1051 1070 1011 1050 1071 1012 1049 1072 1112 1111 1110 1109 2009 2010 2011 2012 2052 2051 2050 2049 2069 2070 2071 2072 2112 2111 2110 2109 1013 1048 1073 1108 2013 2048 2073 2108• 5x2 m2 plot size 1014 1047 1074 1015 1046 1075 1016 1045 1076 1107 1106 1105 2014 2015 2016 2047 2046 2045 2074 2075 2076 2107 2106 2105 1017 1044 1077 1104 2017 2044 2077 2104• 140 entries: 1018 1043 1078 1103 2018 2043 2078 2103 1019 1042 1079 1102 2019 2042 2079 2102 1020 1041 1080 1101 2020 2041 2080 2101 1021 1040 1081 1100 2021 2040 2081 2100 1022 1039 1082 1099 2022 2039 2082 2099 – 100 early and checks 1023 1038 1083 1024 1037 1084 1025 1036 1085 1098 1097 1096 2023 2024 2025 2038 2037 2036 2083 2084 2085 2098 2097 2096 1026 1035 1086 1095 2026 2035 2086 2095 – 40 medium and checks 1027 1034 1087 1028 1033 1088 1094 1093 2027 2028 2034 2033 2087 2088 2094 2093 1029 1032 1089 1092 2029 2032 2089 2092 1030 1031 1090 1091 2030 2031 2090 2091• 0.5 hectare Rep. 1 3001 3030 3031 Module 2. Medium/Late 3002 3029 3032 3003 3028 3033 3060 Rep. 2 3059 3058 4001 4002 4003 4030 4029 4028 4031 4032 4033 4060 4059 4058 3004 3027 3034 3057 4004 4027 4034 4057 3005 3026 3035 3056 4005 4026 4035 4056 3006 3025 3036 3055 4006 4025 4036 4055 3007 3024 3037 3054 4007 4024 4037 4054 3008 3023 3038 3053 4008 4023 4038 4053 3009 3022 3039 3052 4009 4022 4039 4052 3010 3021 3040 3051 4010 4021 4040 4051 Very Early/Early 3011 3020 3041 3050 4011 4020 4041 4050 3012 3019 3042 3049 4012 4019 4042 4049 Medium/Late 3013 3018 3043 3048 4013 4018 4043 4048 3014 3017 3044 3047 4014 4017 4044 4047 Checks 1*5 plot size 3015 3016 3045 3046 4015 4016 4045 4046
  26. 26. Data for MET1-IR & MET2-IR• Test site data (latitude, longitude, etc.)• Name of cooperators and data on agronomic practices• General weather condition and water management• Hourly temperature reading• Hourly relative humidity• Hourly wind direction• Hourly wind speed• Daily rainfall• Daily sunshine hours• Daily solar radiation• Number of days to 50 % flowering• Days to maturity• Plant height (5 samples)• Percent Lodging• Number of tillers (5 samples)• Phenotypic acceptability• Plot yield (g) 14% moisture content• Percent moisture content• Number of harvested hills• Grain quality (amylose content of grain, gel temperature, gel consistency, grain length, grain shape, chalkiness)• Reactions to diseases and insect pests• Any disease or insect damage should be recorded.
  27. 27. MET@INGER Website• http://irri.org/partnerships/networks/international-network-for- genetic-evaluation-of-rice/multi-environment-rice-varietal-testing
  28. 28. Potential Met Expansion Sites MET 1 MET 2* Additional 5 sites for MET2 2012 WS based on climate zoning *Target for 2012WS
  29. 29. MET Sites Proposed by Asian NARES Drought/ Country Irrigated Aerobic Flood-prone Salinity Bangladesh Habiganj Kustia Rangpur Sathkira Bhanga Rajshahi Habiganj Sonagazi Gazipur Gazipur Sonagazi Barisal Cambodia Phnom Penh Phnom Penh Phnom Penh Kok Kong Kampong Kandal Prey Veng Thom Kampot China Hangzhou Kunming Changsha Nanning India Aduthurai Hazaribagh Ghaghraghat Karnal Maruteru Jagdalpur Pusa Kanpur Kaul Ranchi Chinsurah Trichy Indonesia Sukamandi Indramayu Indramayu Pekalongan Kuningan Lampung Palembang Indramayu Bogor Pati Banjar Baru Cilacap Lao PDR Vientiane Vientiane Myanmar Yezin Sibin Yezin Myaung Mya Kyaukse Yezin Pathein Kyaukse Nepal Hardinath Hardinath Hardinath Pakistan Kala Shah Kaku Pindi Bhattian Dokri Lahore Philippines Nueva Ecija Pangasinan Nueva Ecija Cagayan Agusan del Isabela Nueva Ecija Norte Bicol Region Cotabato Negros Occ. Cagayan Iloilo Sri Lanka Batalagoda Batalagoda Bentota Ambalantota Ambalantota Ambalantota Ubon Thailand Pathumthani Rachathani Prachinburi Pathumthani Ubon Suphanburi Udon Thani Rachathani Nakorn Sri Thammarat Chainat Chumpae Chiangrai Nakorn Rachasima Vietnam Cantho Tien Giang Long An Tra Vinh Tien Giang Cantho Bac Lieu Kien Giang Haugiang
  30. 30. Proposed Nomination, Advancing, Discarding of Lines in GRISP METFlow of Evaluation Criteria and Process Remarks Nomination 1. Selection criteria Criteria M1 should be based on MET1 (500-600) needs of each target region. Criteria M2 MET2(100-120) 2. To establish a firm selection criteria, Criteria M3 market survey is MET3(50-60) +PVS definitely necessary. Criteria VR 3. Evaluation through Varietal release (5-10) MET is to identify best lines for stability & adaptability of Adoption (3-5) Needs traits required for target regions. of farmers, millers, traders, consumers E. Nissilä (2012)
  31. 31. INGER and MET Ed Redoña INGER Coordinator International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) DAPO 7777, Manila, Philippines e.redona@cgiar.org1st GRISP Workshop for Rice Breeders in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) CIAT, Palmira, Colombia 20-23 February 2012

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