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Mealybug Threat to Cassava 
4m ha 
cassava fields SE 
ASIA 
Starch trade: second biggest importer in the region 
Import 
E...
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Infographic - Mealybug threat to cassava in SE Asia

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Infographic - Mealybug threat to cassava production and food security in SE Asia, with special focus on Indonesia.

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Infographic - Mealybug threat to cassava in SE Asia

  1. 1. Mealybug Threat to Cassava 4m ha cassava fields SE ASIA Starch trade: second biggest importer in the region Import Export million $ 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Pests and diseases in cassa-va threaten food security, rural livelihoods, and re-gional economic activity. Increased demand for cassava from starch industry: noodles, pharmaceuticals, sweeteners Indonesia has the highest utilisation directly as food in Asia – half is directly consumed as a staple food Up to US$20 billion saved by minute wasps in Africa in 1980s = 200 times the cost of research and famine prevented for millions First main pests started appearing around 2008 Mealybug was 1st reported in 2008 in Thailand and spread throughout Greater Mekong sub-region. 8m 40m household producers farmers m = million 16 m in 2000 26.4 m in 2014 1 m ha INDONESIA most important pro-ducing country in SE Asia Cassava production (tons): of locally-grown cassava is used as food Cassava pest: Mealybug Natural parasitoid: Anagyrus lopezi wasp In September 2014, first field cage release of 2000 wasps in Indonesia: biological control and first-phase clamp-down One of the most destructive cas-sava pests in the world. Can reduce yields by 84 % 58 %

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