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Eco-Efficiency and Natural Resources


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Presentation by Patrick Lavelle for the CIAT KSW 2009

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Eco-Efficiency and Natural Resources

  1. 1. Eco-Efficiency and Natural Resources Patrick Lavelle IRD CIAT/TSBF
  2. 2. Multifunctional approach in land management Natural resources Food production Biodiversity Biofuel Industrial products Climate regulation Water Turism Urbanization <ul><li>Find the best ecological, sociological and economic </li></ul><ul><li>compromise among different use </li></ul>
  3. 3. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment FINDINGS <ul><li>Agriculture has been successful at expenses of all other ESs </li></ul><ul><li>60% ES degraded </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity under great threat </li></ul>
  4. 4. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment FINDINGS <ul><li>Privatisation of benefits; globalisation of costs of lost of natural resources is the current trend. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MEA Scenarios <ul><li>Degradation of many services can be reversed by 2050 in 2/4 scenarios </li></ul>Education Investment in public goods Technological development Proactive policies
  6. 6. <ul><li>Change is global; the system is unique </li></ul><ul><li>All services are interlinked and need to be addressed in common </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions need to be interdisciplinary </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to do it? <ul><li>Technical solutions : </li></ul><ul><li>Find the best compromises among production of different ESs, at plot, landscape and regional scales (ISFM/LSM programmes) </li></ul><ul><li>Intensification in plots (genetic resources; input management; biodiversity management) </li></ul><ul><li>Reshaping functional landscapes (biodiversity corridors; improved ability of soils to infiltrate and store water with forest and other components. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional and national planification (REDD and other PES schemes; ) </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to do it? <ul><li>Social component : </li></ul><ul><li>Organise networks and partnership among : </li></ul><ul><li>Local farmer associations </li></ul><ul><li>Research centers and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Government entities </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs (national and international) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary changes identified </li></ul><ul><li>Gender issues addressed </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to do it? <ul><li>Economic solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Developping payment of Ecosystem Services schemes </li></ul><ul><li>- local : no payment </li></ul><ul><li>- regional : water </li></ul><ul><li>- global : biodiversity/climate regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Other systems for incentives and market organisation </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to do it? <ul><li>A general modeling approach to allow predictions and scenarios </li></ul><ul><li> Links among ecological, economic and institutional entities (e.g., Auto organization and the Panarchy theory) </li></ul>Source: Gunderson and Holling, 2002; Lavelle, 2008
  11. 11. The RAINFOR_ES project Restoration, measurement and commercialization of ecosystem services in tropical forest areas Restoration of EScV Measurement With participative Indicators Commercialization 8 countries; 43 institutions In prep. For GEF