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Cacao for Peace Activities for Tackling the Cadmium in Cacao Issue in Colombia

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El taller ‘Cacao libre de cadmio’, organizado por el CIAT, CIRAD, y la AFD, se lleva a cabo del 12 al 14 de marzo en la sede del CIAT en Palmira,y tiene como objetivo integrar un consorcio de actores y disciplinas claves de la región, así como elaborar un proyecto de investigación aplicada que dé respuesta a este problema que afecta a los cacaoteros de Colombia, Perú y Ecuador. http://ow.ly/J43p30iU0UZ

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Cacao for Peace Activities for Tackling the Cadmium in Cacao Issue in Colombia

  1. 1. Cacao for Peace Program (CfP) Participative Agency Program Agreement (PAPA): USAID-USDA Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018 Cacao for Peace Activities for Tackling the Cadmium in Cacao Issue in Colombia Juan F. Gallego, PhD Agricultural Specialist FAS-USDA, Bogotá
  2. 2. Cacao for Peace Program (CfP) Participative Agency Program Agreement (PAPA): USAID-USDA Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018 • Value: $5 million • Duration: 2016 to 2021 • Implementer: USDA - FAS Objective: Strengthen key cacao public and private sector institutions in Colombia. Focus Areas: Education: • Evaluation of Cd remediation materials, plant indicators and mapping protocol for optimized cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) production • Borlaug and Cochran fellowships Institutional Technical Assistance: • Geographical Information System Mapping for Optimized Cacao Production in Colombia: Research: • Reducing Cadmium in Cocoa Beans through Genome Edition • Contribute to the research and transfer of the best agronomic practices to improve the management and production of cacao addressing the Cadmium issue Agricultural Extension • Research activities will be supported by this focus area
  3. 3. CfP: Short term research proposals (Objetivos y Actividades para desarrollar conocimiento o soluciones aplicables al corto plazo) Evaluation of Cd remediation materials, plant indicators and mapping protocol for optimized cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) production Thesis Research Concept by Jhony Armando Benavides Bolaños, MS Candidate in Soil Science. Penn State University Advisor: Dr. Patrick Drohan “Although Colombian cocoa is recognized as a fine-flavored product, characteristic of only the 5% of all the cocoa produced in the world (Abbott, 2017). However, evolving European Union food regulations directed at cadmium (Cd) in edible products, would likely have a critical impact on Colombian cocoa exports, given that large proportion of the cacao cultivation in Colombia occurs on soils with cadmium. I hypothesize that soil remediation techniques using well-tested and cost-effective materials will decrease the mobility and uptake of Cd by cacao plants. I also hypothesize that the use of affordable and worldwide available short-term crops can serve as Cd presence indicator plants substantially reducing soil testing costs. Finally, I propose that a detailed soil Cd exploration in South America will permit the design of a mapping protocol for cacao suitability areas.” Funding mechanism: USDA/FAS-Fulbright: Cooperative Agreement USDA/FAS-PSU: Cost-Reimbursable Agreement Time frame: 24 months Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018
  4. 4. CfP: CfP: Short term research proposals (Objetivos y Actividades para desarrollar conocimiento o soluciones aplicables al corto plazo) Geographical Information System Mapping for Optimized Cacao Production in Colombia: Main partners: • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT, Spanish acronym) • USDA/Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) • Pennsylvania State University (PSU) In order to bolster cacao productivity in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) region, the USAID/USDA Cacao for Peace initiative will map regional soil characteristics, water supply and cacao genetics. Doing so will promote a deeper understanding of spatial variability of soil characteristics and cadmium, water supply for cacao cultivation, and assess the diversity of plants. This project seeks to define suitable areas for optimal and sustainable cacao production and to identify high-yielding and high quality cacao varieties. Cadmium will be tested in: soils, beans and fertilizers Also partnering with: UNODC, FEDECACAO, MADR, UPRA, IGAC, IVH, SNP, PC Funding mechanism: USDA/FAS-CIAT: Cooperative Agreement USDA/FAS-PSU: Cost-Reimbursable Agreement USDA/FAS-NRCS: Inter-agency agreement Time frame: 18 months Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018
  5. 5. Activity 4: Reducing Cadmium in Cocoa Beans through Genome Edition Main partner: • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT, Spanish acronym) CIAT will explore the development of low-Cadmium cocoa cultivars through genome edition. During the first phase (first year) CIAT will concentrate on the development of somatic embryogenesis and the establishment of a hydroponic system under greenhouse conditions to measure Cd uptake and translocation in plants for selected Colombian cultivars. Once plant regeneration is achieved in at least one cultivar, DNA-free genome editing will start on the second year. Also partnering with: Other partners are welcome! Funding mechanism: USDA/FAS – CIAT Cooperative Agreement (depending on availability of funds) Time frame: 24 months Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018 CfP: Medium term research proposals (Objetivos y Actividades para desarrollar conocimiento o soluciones aplicables al corto plazo)
  6. 6. Activity 4: Contribute to the research and transfer of the best agronomic practices to improve the management and production of cacao addressing the Cadmium issue. Main partners: • Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research (CORPOICA, Spanish acronym) This activity will strengthen CORPOICA capacity for research in cadmium by: • Supporting the creation of a multi-discipline science team from various research centers of CORPOICA to address Cadmium issues in soil-cacao systems in Colombia. • Training Corpoica scientists in analytical methods for determination of total and bioavailable (fractionation) Cadmium, plant physiology studies and analysis of cadmium metabolism. • Developing standardized methods for determination of total and extractable/bioavailable Cd in soils and cacao plants at CORPOICA’s laboratories. • Supporting greenhouse facilities and supplies to conduct Cadmium research at Palmira research station in order to develop a protocol for growing plants in greenhouse standardized conditions to assess toxicity effects of Cd in plants • Supporting research in: a) plant traits (morphology/physiology) in response to various Cd soil levels from hotspot areas, b) assessment of the response from the most used regional and international cacao clones used in different Colombian regions to various Cd soil levels. Funding mechanism: USDA/ARS - CORPOICA: Cooperation Agreement USDA/FAS – CORPOICA: Cooperative Agreement Time frame: 36 months Cacao libre de Cadmio Taller regional Colombia – Ecuador - Perú Cali, marzo 12-14, 2018 CfP: Medium term research proposals (Objetivos y Actividades para desarrollar conocimiento o soluciones aplicables al medio plazo)
  7. 7. CACAO LIBRE DE CADMIO Taller regional Colombia - Ecuador - Perú Cali, 12-14 Marzo 2018

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