Building from Demand: Reshaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today

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Building from Demand: Reshaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today

  1. 1. Building from Demand: Reshaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today The Global Forum on Agricultural Research
  2. 2. Where we are … <ul><li>FAO Summit last week: </li></ul><ul><li>Potential is here to feed the world by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>But lack of commitment of governments & institutions </li></ul><ul><li>WDR: </li></ul><ul><li>Urgent need to increase productivity and for a systems approach to innovation </li></ul><ul><li>IAASTD: </li></ul><ul><li>Current agricultural practices are unsustainable , </li></ul><ul><li>ARD poorly targeted to the rural poor </li></ul><ul><li>Needs a particular focus on small farmers … </li></ul>
  3. 3. FAO Summit : How to feed the world in 2050? <ul><li>Are we investing enough in research and development for breakthroughs to be available in time? </li></ul><ul><li>Will new technologies be available to the people who will need them most - the poor? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Knowledge and innovation <ul><li>But... </li></ul><ul><li>Does existing knowledge really benefited the poor? </li></ul><ul><li>Why so many ideas & technologies so poorly adopted? </li></ul><ul><li>Why doesn’t society better value agricultural innovation? </li></ul><ul><li>Even in the USA it takes 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>for research to reach full adoption! </li></ul>Generating and applying knowledge is critical to meet the huge global challenges facing agriculture
  5. 5. Moving forwards <ul><li>A revolution is needed in the generation and use of agricultural knowledge for Development </li></ul><ul><li>Reorientation </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Mindset& behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul>
  6. 6. G8 statement on food security 2009 : <ul><li>“ We support the fundamental reform processes underway in the global agricultural research system through the Global Forum on Agricultural Research ” </li></ul>GFAR: the catalyst to spark the revolution…
  7. 7. GFAR: We are You <ul><li>A collective movement for change driven by: </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer organizations </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector: suppliers, agro-industry, SMEs,… </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Fora of NARS& Extension Systems </li></ul><ul><li>International agricultural research (CGIAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Donors and implemented by all </li></ul>
  8. 8. GFAR: Strategic Objectives <ul><li>Advocacy for change </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking institutions for the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-regional learning for global impact </li></ul><ul><li>Putting knowledge to use </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is GCARD 2010 <ul><li>Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development organized by GFAR . </li></ul><ul><li>To be held in Montpellier, France 28-31 March, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>A process of real consultation and engagement , not just a conference </li></ul>
  10. 10. Objectives of GCARD process <ul><li>Align research agendas with development needs </li></ul><ul><li>Make agricultural research more accountable to those it serves </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance dialogue between stakeholders on innovation pathways for better impact </li></ul><ul><li>Help ensure the international agricultural research system adds value to national/regional systems via demand- driven processes </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for more effective financial support </li></ul>
  11. 11. Towards strategic AR4D systems around the world IMPACT To develop a new global agricultural research system that directly impacts the poor
  12. 12. GCARD Event E-Consultation (Round 2) GCARD Development: Strategy and Process Regional face to face meetings follow-up Maximize Stakeholder Engagement :Public, Private, Civil Society, Donor Regional Reviews E-Consultation (Round 1) June –Sept Sept Sept-Nov Early Jan 28-31 March 2010 Apr-June 2010
  13. 13. Framing the Consultations <ul><li>What needs and priorities for agricultural research for delivering development impacts? </li></ul><ul><li>What mechanisms and partnerships to turn research into development impacts? </li></ul><ul><li>What key blockages, barriers and bottlenecks preventing research from benefiting the poor? </li></ul><ul><li>What enabling investments, policies and capacities are most needed? </li></ul>
  14. 14. The GCARD process: learning and feedback over a six-year cycle 2009-2010 Global and regional reviews Consultations GCARD Conference 2011-2012 2013-2014
  15. 15. Feedback from GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshops in Europe and Africa
  16. 16. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>55 stakeholders from Europe, </li></ul><ul><li>one observer from AARINENA and FARA </li></ul><ul><li>one CGIAR representative </li></ul><ul><li>ARD : 45% </li></ul><ul><li>Donors/Policy : 27% </li></ul><ul><li>CSO : 25% </li></ul><ul><li>Others : 3% </li></ul>
  17. 17. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>NEED </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for greater focus by researchers and donors on poverty issues in addition to productivity gains . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for research to be more demand driven . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for research and development institutions to work closer together. </li></ul></ul></ul>Key recurring issues raised by the audience
  18. 18. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>Issues for AR4D in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>poverty issues in Europe , particularly in Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>shared interest issues between Europe and DCs: </li></ul><ul><li>- climate change </li></ul><ul><li>- emerging animal-plant diseases and pests - pandemics </li></ul><ul><li>- international trade and globalization </li></ul><ul><li>- demography, urbanization and migrations </li></ul><ul><li>- food security/food transition </li></ul><ul><li>- energy security </li></ul><ul><li>specific issues for development support in DCs </li></ul>
  19. 19. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>Greater advocacy at political level in EU and developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved european ARD coordination particularly for bilateral actions </li></ul><ul><li>in line with development investments- </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling environment for implementation and delivery: governance, incentives for dissemination, capacity building, M&E system </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships between Europe and DCs beyond researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging sectors and policies (agriculture, health, education, environment, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining European ARD capacity to enable longer-term exchange. </li></ul>Towards a more effective European Support for ARD in developing counties for greater impact
  20. 20. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>Toolkit for partnership success </li></ul><ul><li>Multistakeholders/multisectorial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>partnership in Europe, in DCs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between Europe and DCs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>along the whole value chain </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Idea of a call for success stories in partnership </li></ul>Partnership
  21. 21. GCARD Regional Europe Face-to-Face Workshop 29 th September 2009 <ul><li>What institutional changes ? </li></ul><ul><li>Research incentives targeted to impact? </li></ul><ul><li>Role of policy-makers (parliamentary groups,…) and governance issues: advocacy and change in mindset </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the private sector in addressing the needs of the poor </li></ul>Issues for further discussions
  22. 22. GCARD Regional Africa Face-to-Face Workshop Accra, Ghana (5-7 October 2009) <ul><li>67 stakeholders from Africa, </li></ul><ul><li>two observers from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>ARD : 39% </li></ul><ul><li>Donors/Policy : 23% </li></ul><ul><li>CSO : 31% </li></ul><ul><li>Others : 7% </li></ul>
  23. 23. Issues for AR4D Land, Water, Water Managementt Food supply and Access Indigenous Knowledge & Innovation Risk, Vulnerability Capacity building GCARD Regional Africa Face-to-Face Workshop Accra, Ghana (5-7 October 2009)
  24. 24. Enabling environment for implementation and delivery : Institutional & Policy Dialogue M&E, Impact Coordination, Partnership, Networking GCARD Regional Africa Face-to-Face Workshop Accra, Ghana (5-7 October 2009)
  25. 25. AFRICAN FARMERS ORGANIZATIONS DECLARATION <ul><li>RECOGNIZE the importance of Agricultural Research and Development to farmers in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>RECOGNIZE and APPRECIATE that CAADP is the main framework for agricultural development in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>ACKNOWLEDGE the inclusion of Farmer organizations in the structures of research institutions from the national; sub-regional and FARA level </li></ul><ul><li>RE-AFFIRM the central position of farmer and farmer organizations in making research work successful </li></ul>GCARD Regional Africa Face-to-Face Workshop Accra, Ghana (5-7 October 2009)
  26. 26. Issues for further discussions <ul><li>What is Africa’s Strategy on climate change ? </li></ul><ul><li>Africa’s Response on Food Crisis ? </li></ul><ul><li>Mega-Programmes to wait until GCARD Deliverable and to address Africa specific need </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building as a key priority = enable Africa to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the private sector in addressing the needs of the poor </li></ul>GCARD Regional Africa Face-to-Face Workshop Accra, Ghana (5-7 October 2009)
  27. 27. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>http://www.gcard2010.net
  28. 28. <ul><li>The target : </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Economic sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Social sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>The reality: </li></ul><ul><li>High risks/vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Markets and prices, </li></ul><ul><li>Pest&diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Climatic disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts/migrations </li></ul>Agriculture is complex & multifunctional… Real commodity prices
  29. 29. Science serving Society <ul><li>Scientific knowledge to much reductionist, trusted & validated and valued by its own methods </li></ul><ul><li>Local knowledge is holistic, trusted & validated by experience & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Need to link both to address sustainable development </li></ul>Reshaping institutions
  30. 30. Reshaping AR4D - Associated actions <ul><li>CGIAR change to deliver real development outcomes through partners </li></ul><ul><li>Investment norms : learn from innovative funding mechanisms linking research with development processes </li></ul><ul><li>Role of women as actors and beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalizing research : career incentives and value systems </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the role of fast-growing economies (BRICS) as providers </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalizing advisory services through collective platform and knowledge sharing </li></ul>

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