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Assigning Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to Plant Genetic Resources

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The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) calls for the contribution of non confidential information about the Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) to the Global Information System (GLIS) to facilitate access to such information by any party interested. The foundation of GLIS is the accurate identification of the PGRFA to which the information is associated. After extensive research and consultation, DOIs have been selected as the Permanent Unique Identifier of choice for GLIS.

The webinar describes the challenges that the GLIS team of the ITPGRFA has faced as well as the benefits that the GLIS user community will receive by the adoption of DOIs.

Published in: Technology
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Assigning Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to Plant Genetic Resources

  1. 1. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Marco Marsella Assigning Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to Plant Genetic Resources
  2. 2. www.fao.org/plant-treaty What is this webinar about? • Some background • The problem • The solution • The challenges • The future
  3. 3. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Background • The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) • Promotes conservation and sustainable use of all plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use • Facilitates access to PGRFA as well as to associated information • Established in 2004 • 144 contracting parties
  4. 4. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Article 17 of the Treaty “The Contracting Parties shall cooperate to develop and strengthen a global information system to facilitate the exchange of information, based on existing information systems, on scientific, technical and environmental matters related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture…”
  5. 5. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing • Access to the PGRFAs is facilitated • Benefit arising from their use are equitably shared • The Benefit Sharing Fund • Monetary and non monetary benefits • Access is regulated through the Standard Material Transfer Agreement • Third Party Beneficiary
  6. 6. www.fao.org/plant-treaty The SMTA • Also regulates the exchange of information associated to the PGRFA • Provider’s obligation: All available passport data and, subject to applicable law, any other associated available non-confidential descriptive information, shall be made available with the Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture provided • Recipient’s obligation: The Recipient shall make available to the Multilateral System, through the information system provided for in Article 17 of the Treaty, all non-confidential information that results from research and development carried out on the Material Information = benefit
  7. 7. www.fao.org/plant-treaty What happens now Provider Recipient B B A A A A -> B
  8. 8. www.fao.org/plant-treaty How GLIS and DOIs will help Provider Recipient GLIS DOI 1 A A -> B DOI 1 A B DOI 1 DOI 2 DOI 1 A DOI 2 B
  9. 9. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Provider 1 A Recipient 1 B Transfer Recipient 2 A Transfer D Provider 2 Recipient 3 C Transfer Recipient 5 I Transfer H Cross E Recipient 4 Transfer G Transfer F Selection
  10. 10. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Assigning DOIs to PGRFAs • What is the DOI associated to? • Physical material, not its description • Holder of the material • Descriptors • Based on Multi Crop Passport Descriptors with some extensions • Mandatory: Holder, species, method, date, local identifier • Recommended: Biological status, links to web resources, etc. • Additional: Information on collecting, breeding, etc. • Mapping our descriptors to DataCite metadata • Several descriptors -> title • Holder of the material -> contributor • Acquisition or collection date -> date and dateType • “PGRFA Material” -> resourceType • Method -> relationType • Holder’s location and collecting location -> geoLocationPoint
  11. 11. www.fao.org/plant-treaty The Global Information System (GLIS) • Facilitate access to information already available on the Web • Identify PGRFA through Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) • Store basic information on PGRFA to support discovery and resolution • Collect links to web systems where detailed information can be found • Promote standards and formats to facilitate interoperability and data sharing among systems • Promote “blessed” systems to facilitate participation • Capacity building and data quality improvement • Strengthening community ties
  12. 12. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Advanced services offered by GLIS • Relationships among PGRFAs
  13. 13. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Advanced services offered by GLIS • HasMetadata expansion • Allows access to full set of descriptors in XML from within the DOI System • Descriptors in multiple formats (Content Negotiation) • XML • JSON • JSON-LD • Darwin Core-Archive • brAPI • EventData • GLIS will automatically provide links to publications citing the current DOI
  14. 14. www.fao.org/plant-treaty GLIS for the user community • Free-of-charge DOI minting • The cost is covered by the Treaty Secretariat • The Treaty is Member of DataCite • The GLIS user community is represented • Support for GLIS users • Advice on adoption of DOIs • Integration Toolkit • Published formats and protocols to interoperate with GLIS
  15. 15. www.fao.org/plant-treaty How you can register DOIs using GLIS • Web form • For small collections or for ad-hoc updates • Excel or tab-delimited batch files • For medium size collections or as a stop-gap solution • XML-based protocol • For large collections and real-time integration
  16. 16. www.fao.org/plant-treaty The future of GLIS • Become the “Google of PGRFA” • Links to information hosted by FAO and other partners • Technology transfer • Traditional knowledge • Early warning and threat advisory • Regulations • Other initiatives (e.g. CBD) • Participate in standard setting initiatives • Interoperability and data exchange • Access to distributed systems • Collaboration with existing systems • FAO and third party (WIEWS, Genesys) • Promote selected systems for adoption (GRIN-Global, B4R)
  17. 17. www.fao.org/plant-treaty To know more about GLIS and DOIs • www.fao.org/plant-treaty • Details on the Treaty • Details on the Global Information System • DOIs • Descriptors • Guidelines • Frequently Asked Questions • Selected documentation and links • Technical documentation
  18. 18. www.fao.org/plant-treaty Thank you! pgrfa-treaty@fao.org marco.marsella@fao.org

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