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Opening up Research                                                  Outputs and                                          ...
Knowledge Sharing in Agricultural Innovation
Agricultural Research Outputs
Type of agric. research outputs       (Kenya, Ghana, Zambia)
Publications over period 1999-2008                                     Africa’s output of publications Source: Thomson-Reu...
Network of collaboration                 Cluster of countries with strongest partnerships (by papers)Source: Thomson-Reute...
Scientific Collaboration Map           (2005-2009)
Content in Google from universitiesGraph by FAO. Source data from www.webometrics.info (Webpages from universities. Januar...
Open Access RepositoriesSource: Repository Maps - repository66.orgPowered by Google
Agric. Research Institutional Repositories                                      Status in Ghana  Numbeof f publica ions   ...
Accessibility of research outputs   in some International Centres         Centre A                                  Centre...
BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES
Region(s) where most respondents‘ work             is carried out.   Europe 4.6%                            Northern Ameri...
FACTORS ENCOURAGINGeffective communication of research outputsMost important:- Institutional demands to report/communicate...
BENEFITS GAINED          by communicating researchMost important:- Reaching the target audience- Increased access to: a) r...
BARRIERS preventing from communicating researchMost important:- Lack of resources/time and funding- Weak linkages between ...
ROUTES PREFERED     for communication of research outputsStronger preferenceTraditional routes- Scholarly publishing, conf...
SUPPORT MECHANISMSfor communicating research outputs effectively Strong demand for support and training - Web based social...
RESEARCH OUTPUTS PRODUCEDTraditional print-based formats still predominate...but digital ones are now penetrating (20-35%)...
THE WAY FORWARDMaking research outputs openly availableoften relies on individuals.Individuals’ behaviours can be influenc...
THE WAY FORWARDThese findings can be considered bysenior managers to review theirorganizational policies.
Coherence in Information      for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentA global movement that promotes and sustain the ope...
The Movement                   Founding PartnersMore than 150 other organizations participating…   www.ciard.net
CIARD support for overcomingthe Challenges in Research Communication         Our institution         has no policy on     ...
Opening up Research                                                  Outputs and                                          ...
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2012 06 CIARD (Regional Workshop)

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2012 06 CIARD (Regional Workshop)

  1. 1. Opening up Research Outputs and Knowledge in Agriculture: Benefits and ChallengesRegional Expert Consultationon Opening Access to Agricultural Information in Africa Presented by Franz Martin Knowledge and Capacity for Development www.ciard.net information@ciard.net
  2. 2. Knowledge Sharing in Agricultural Innovation
  3. 3. Agricultural Research Outputs
  4. 4. Type of agric. research outputs (Kenya, Ghana, Zambia)
  5. 5. Publications over period 1999-2008 Africa’s output of publications Source: Thomson-Reuters (April, 2010).
  6. 6. Network of collaboration Cluster of countries with strongest partnerships (by papers)Source: Thomson-Reuters (April, 2010).
  7. 7. Scientific Collaboration Map (2005-2009)
  8. 8. Content in Google from universitiesGraph by FAO. Source data from www.webometrics.info (Webpages from universities. January, 2009)
  9. 9. Open Access RepositoriesSource: Repository Maps - repository66.orgPowered by Google
  10. 10. Agric. Research Institutional Repositories Status in Ghana Numbeof f publica ions tionsNumber r o pub lic atGraph by FAO. Source data from INSTI, Ghana. March, 2010
  11. 11. Accessibility of research outputs in some International Centres Centre A Centre B Centre C Bibliographic Full Text Resources Search Engines ReferencesGraph by FAO. Source data from Agricultural Information Worldwide. Vol. 3. No.1 (2010)
  12. 12. BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES
  13. 13. Region(s) where most respondents‘ work is carried out. Europe 4.6% Northern America 4.1% Caribbean 6.9% Asia and Pacific 23.7% Africa 32.6% Latin America 53.5% Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  14. 14. FACTORS ENCOURAGINGeffective communication of research outputsMost important:- Institutional demands to report/communicate- Opportunities for career enhancement- Access to adequate IT infrastructure- Acknowledgement of contributionsLess important:- Direct monetary rewards (related to royalties and personal development) Source: CIARD. Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  15. 15. BENEFITS GAINED by communicating researchMost important:- Reaching the target audience- Increased access to: a) resources/funding for work and b) colleagues for problem solving- Increased recognition/visibility for the organization altruisticLess important:- Personal gain (financial or personal status) © FAO Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  16. 16. BARRIERS preventing from communicating researchMost important:- Lack of resources/time and funding- Weak linkages between researchers and end users- Lack of enabling institutional policiesLess important:- Concerns about stealing and reuse of outputs- Lack of skills/access to communication methods- Poor IT infrastructure Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  17. 17. ROUTES PREFERED for communication of research outputsStronger preferenceTraditional routes- Scholarly publishing, conferences and seminars (3/4)- Training materials (1/2), practical demonstr. (1/3)Weaker preferenceBroadcast/Mass media - Newspapers (~8%), radio/TV (~15%), promo.mat. © FAO (~29%) Modern methods (Internet enabled) -Social media (~18%), repository/web (~29%) Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  18. 18. SUPPORT MECHANISMSfor communicating research outputs effectively Strong demand for support and training - Web based social media - Participatory research methods & communications skills (e.g. audio/video) © FAO Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  19. 19. RESEARCH OUTPUTS PRODUCEDTraditional print-based formats still predominate...but digital ones are now penetrating (20-35%)Most outputs are communicatedthrough openly accessible, no-cost routes. Source: CIARD Global Survey for Researchers. 2011
  20. 20. THE WAY FORWARDMaking research outputs openly availableoften relies on individuals.Individuals’ behaviours can be influencedby institutional factors/barriers.Relevant strategic policy frameworks arerequired to change institutional/individual behaviours.
  21. 21. THE WAY FORWARDThese findings can be considered bysenior managers to review theirorganizational policies.
  22. 22. Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentA global movement that promotes and sustain the openness of agricultural knowledge to all.
  23. 23. The Movement Founding PartnersMore than 150 other organizations participating… www.ciard.net
  24. 24. CIARD support for overcomingthe Challenges in Research Communication Our institution has no policy on We don’t have time to communicating adapt our results into the its outputs what extensionists wantWe have no systems Other scientists willand tools for Internet publish our results if wedissemination share them There are no staff with the skills in digital technologies www.ciard.net
  25. 25. Opening up Research Outputs and Knowledge in Agriculture: Benefits and ChallengesRegional Expert Consultationon Opening Access to Agricultural Information in Africa Presented by Franz Martin Knowledge and Capacity for Development www.ciard.net information@ciard.net

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