Indrani Thuraisingham - Malaysian Law Review


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  • Indrani Thuraisingham - Malaysian Law Review

    1. 1. La voix des Consommateurs à travers le monde The global voice for consumers La voz global para la defensa de los consumidores Malaysian Copyright Law Review
    2. 2. Copyright and Access to Knowledge <ul><li>Since 2005, CI Kuala Lumpur has conducted a successful project on Copyright and A2K </li></ul><ul><li>Main findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National copyright laws don’t fully utilize the exceptions and provisions provided for in international treaties to enhance access to knowledge </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Law Reviews <ul><li>Following from the copyright project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesian law review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaysian law review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National stakeholder workshop </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Malaysian copyright law <ul><li>Malaysia copyright act 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Amended in 1990, 1996, 1997, 2000,2002, and 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia is a member of the Berne convention and the TRIPS agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia is yet to accede to the WCT and the WPPT, but most of the substantive provisions have already been incorporated into national copyright law </li></ul>
    5. 5. Fair use <ul><li>Now: fair dealing is restricted to a specific set of purposes mentioned in the copyright law, such as non-profit research or review </li></ul><ul><li>CIKL wants four non exclusive statutory factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The purpose and the character of the dealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the nature of the copyrighted work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyright work as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the effect of the dealing upon the potential market for or value of the copyright work </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Educational institution <ul><li>Now: The definition of educational institution is narrow </li></ul><ul><li>CIKL wants to broaden the definition that better reflects current educational needs </li></ul>
    7. 7. Distance education <ul><li>Now: no explicit exceptions for distance education are included in the copyright law. </li></ul><ul><li>CIKL wants to include specific new exceptions in the Malaysian copyright law to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enable educational institutions to digitize reading materials for purposes of online correspondence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exempt the communication of lessons to enable systematic instruction to take place </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Circumvention of Technological Protection Measures <ul><li>Now: the article concerning the circumvention of TPMs is rather unclear </li></ul><ul><li>CIKL wants to amend the article to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>make it more clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to make the manufacturing and marketing of a circumvention device an offence, and not the act of circumvention itself. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Next steps <ul><li>The Malaysian law review - that a lot can be done to improve access to knowledge while simply implementing the flexibilities already provided for in International treaties </li></ul><ul><li>CIKL hopes that organisations in other countries will also review their national copyright laws and make clear recommendations to their governments </li></ul><ul><li>Only then, knowledge material can become accessible for every consumer throughout the world </li></ul>
    10. 10. La voix des Consommateurs à travers le monde The global voice for consumers La voz global para la defensa de los consumidores Thank you for your attention