Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The global voice  for consumers La voix des Consommateurs  à travers le monde La voz global para la defensa  de los consum...
Copyright project <ul><li>In 2005 CIKL successfully conducted a project titled ’Copyright and Access to Knowledge' </li></...
Digital Rights Management and A2K <ul><li>In March this year, CIKL extended the copyright project and did a study on Digit...
What is DRM <ul><li>DRM controls and manages copyright in a digital world.  </li></ul><ul><li>DRM includes various protect...
<ul><li>Fortunately, there were not many restrictions on the use of academic articles. Once downloaded they could be copie...
Academic Journals: Price <ul><li>The average price of an academic article is $25  </li></ul><ul><li>A US citizen has to sp...
<ul><li>Two of the five books couldn't be printed, not even a page.  </li></ul><ul><li>From two of the five books, nothing...
<ul><li>Like for academic articles, e-books are unaffordable for consumers in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>In de...
E-books: price II <ul><li>Comparison of online price with hard-copy price </li></ul><ul><li>Online price in relation to a ...
Conclusion <ul><li>The technological protection measures used by copyright holders are very consumer unfriendly </li></ul>...
Next steps I: more research <ul><li>Unfortunately, there are more problems.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRM can inflict a consu...
Next steps II: campaigning <ul><li>Companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold them accountable for their appropriation of more r...
The global voice  for consumers La voix des Consommateurs  à travers le monde La voz global para la defensa  de los consum...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Indrani Thuraisingham - DRM Presentation

2,253 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Indrani Thuraisingham - DRM Presentation

  1. 1. The global voice for consumers La voix des Consommateurs à travers le monde La voz global para la defensa de los consumidores Digital Rights Management
  2. 2. Copyright project <ul><li>In 2005 CIKL successfully conducted a project titled ’Copyright and Access to Knowledge' </li></ul><ul><li>The main findings were that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright limits access to knowledge in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Although international treaties include exceptions and limitations to copyright to enhance access to knowledge, most countries don't use these provisions fully </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Digital Rights Management and A2K <ul><li>In March this year, CIKL extended the copyright project and did a study on Digital Rights Management or DRM. </li></ul><ul><li>To assess the impact of DRM the office bought 5 e-books and 8 academic articles online </li></ul><ul><li>The findings were disappointing, like copyright DRM also limits the access to knowledge, the barriers posed by DRM are even higher. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is DRM <ul><li>DRM controls and manages copyright in a digital world. </li></ul><ul><li>DRM includes various protection measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>License agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological protection </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Fortunately, there were not many restrictions on the use of academic articles. Once downloaded they could be copied and printed as many times as the user wanted. </li></ul><ul><li>The download period was however restricted, some articles were only available for downloading for 24 hours. </li></ul>Academic Journals: user-friendliness
  6. 6. Academic Journals: Price <ul><li>The average price of an academic article is $25 </li></ul><ul><li>A US citizen has to spend 0.69% of his monthly income to obtain this article </li></ul><ul><li>Somebody from India or Cambodia, has to spend 41.67% and 75.95% respectively of her monthly income to buy the same article! </li></ul><ul><li>Some excesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One article could be bought from different content providers, the price ranged from $29 to $42.36 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One article was only one page long and cost $30, meaning a dollar per sentence! </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Two of the five books couldn't be printed, not even a page. </li></ul><ul><li>From two of the five books, nothing could be copied and pasted into another document, not even a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Four of the five books could be accessed on only a limited number of computers, this number was sometimes as low as three. </li></ul><ul><li>One book could only be read online and had an expiry date. For $78 a book could be read for only 150 days, after that, access was gone. </li></ul>E-books: user-friendliness
  8. 8. <ul><li>Like for academic articles, e-books are unaffordable for consumers in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>In developing countries, the price of a hard copy edition is even lower than that for a digital version of the same book </li></ul><ul><li>An example: Financial Management, Principles and Applications </li></ul>E-books: price
  9. 9. E-books: price II <ul><li>Comparison of online price with hard-copy price </li></ul><ul><li>Online price in relation to a country’s living standards </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>The technological protection measures used by copyright holders are very consumer unfriendly </li></ul><ul><li>The technological protection measures used pose extra barriers to access to knowledge in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Protected content is simply unaffordable for the average consumer in developing countries. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Next steps I: more research <ul><li>Unfortunately, there are more problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRM can inflict a consumer's privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRM can not accommodate fair use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRM enables the copyright holder to extend its rights beyond what is provided for in national copyright laws </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Next steps II: campaigning <ul><li>Companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold them accountable for their appropriation of more rights at the disadvantage of the consumer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make them use DRM in an enabling way in stead of a restricting way. TPMs can also be used to differentiate in price for example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were copyright laws intended to protect the copyright holder from infringement, now copyright laws should protect the consumer in stead. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The global voice for consumers La voix des Consommateurs à travers le monde La voz global para la defensa de los consumidores Thank you for your attention

×