Catherine Raffaele - IP Event


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Catherine Raffaele - IP Event

  1. 1. Catherine Raffaele <ul><li>Senior Policy Officer – IT and Communications </li></ul>
  2. 2. Campaign for Fair Use <ul><li>Australia has no “fair use” provision, we have a specific and weaker concept called “fair dealing” </li></ul><ul><li>CHOICE was been involved in campaigning for a “fair use” type right so that consumers are not viewed as infringers when they do socially acceptable acts such as tape a television program or transfer a CD to an MP3 player. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fair Dealing Expanded But… <ul><li>The Government introduced The Copyright Amendment Bill 2006 which gave Australians the right to (for domestic and private purposes): </li></ul><ul><li>Time Shift eg record programs to watch at a later date </li></ul><ul><li>Format Shift eg digitize your analogue files </li></ul><ul><li>Some extra but limited abilities to share copyright protected material </li></ul>
  4. 4. Australia/US Free Trade Agreement <ul><li>May 2004, Australia signed a Free Trade Agreement with the US which required Australians to: </li></ul><ul><li>Extend Copyright protection from 50 years after author’s death to 70 years </li></ul><ul><li>Make many copyright infringements criminal (using unclear terminology that doesn’t safeguard consumers from being prosecuted) </li></ul><ul><li>And… </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Took away Australians’ right to circumvent Technological Protection Measures. </li></ul><ul><li>So Australians cannot legally make use of their new fair dealing rights if it involves circumventing a technological protection measure (eg Digital Rights Management) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Free Trade Agreements - Growing patchwork of obligations <ul><li>Very realistic chance of hamstringing future IP campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Binding agreements limits the scope of change </li></ul><ul><li>Limited ability to review laws when society changes </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised unlike International Treaties – a growing patchwork of agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Harder to know who to lobby, what to target </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to know what can and can’t be changed </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rights should not be Tradeable <ul><li>It should be inconceivable that we would allow our right to vote or freedoms of speech* to be modified on the negotiation table yet this is what we have allowed to happen with Intellectual Property rights – yet these rights or lack of rights influence our ability to exercise what many of what we would consider fundamental rights. </li></ul><ul><li>*For countries that have them. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Charters to Assert Consumers’ Rights <ul><li>European Charter on the Rights of Energy Consumers (A World Consumers Energy Charter?) </li></ul><ul><li>EU Air Passenger Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Charter of Health Consumer Rights </li></ul><ul><li>A Charter of Communications Rights (Telecommunication Services) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Intellectual Property and Consumer Digital Rights Charters <ul><li>Adelphi Charter (IP Rights) </li></ul><ul><li>BEUC’s Consumer Digital Rights Charter (6 rights) </li></ul><ul><li>Norwegian Consumer Council </li></ul><ul><li>CHOICE’s “Our Digital Rights” Charter </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lessons for the Future <ul><li>We need to be more strategic </li></ul><ul><li>We need to be more proactive – the IP industry has shown how this works so well </li></ul><ul><li>We need to understand the big picture and what’s going on behind the scenes </li></ul><ul><li>We need to act both locally and internationally </li></ul><ul><li>We need to strengthen our networks </li></ul>