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Non print media


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How Non print media is useful in education

Published in: Technology
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Non print media

  2. 2. Mass media have come to play a fundamental role in modern society. The mass media are media of communication – Newspaper, Magazine, Television, Radio, Movies, Videos, CDs and other forms that reach mass audiences. Media can be basically divided into two categories: 1. PRINT MEDIA 2. NON PRINT MEDIA
  3. 3. Mass media education is now largely dependent on electronic media which has a good number of inherent advantages:  Facilitates diverse learning objectives  Electronic media through the variety and newness can motivate the learner, stimulate imagination, create and sustain interest  Helps in involving the learner in the teaching learning process and keep the concentration going  They can cater to individual needs  They reduce the burden of the teacher
  5. 5.  Radio has been playing a vital role in the field of communication since its origin.  Even though it works with sound only, it has the power to stimulate values and to increase knowledge and understanding.  At one given time, radio can simultaneously arrest the attention of thousands of people.  In some places of the world it is the only medium of education for children who live in remote areas.  By using programs the teacher has a device suited to help in the development of the art of listening and the knowledge and command of language.
  6. 6.  School Broadcasting  Adult Education & Community Development Projects  Farm & Home Broadcasts  University Broadcasts  Language Learning Projects
  7. 7. I. Service- Based Types a. Music b. Spoken word programes c. Programes for special audiences- Farm, Home & Youth programes d. News service e. External services
  8. 8. a. Talks b. Interviews c. Panel discussion d. Live broadcasts e. Forum f. Dramatisation g. Quiz
  9. 9.  Easy accessibility  Wide coverage  Low capital investment & Operating Costs  Easy learner reception  Easy production  Feasible mode of learner enrichment  Effective means of thought promotion  Supporter of motivation for learner
  10. 10.  Radio brings the pupil to the classroom who have made rare contributions to the society  In this connection it may cited that the voice of a great Scientist, inventor and outstanding writer, poet, musician, can be heard over radio, giving direct experience to the child.
  11. 11.  Since radio works with voice & sound only, it helps the students in their imagination when exposed to broadcasting.  It also acts in stimulating interests of children and extracting creativity in them.
  12. 12.  Almost every subject can be taught through radio, but the radio is more suitable for certain subjects such as languages & music.  Radio specifically can provide opportunities for developing listening comprehension as well as improvement of vocabulary, etc.
  13. 13.  Radio is one of the cheapest medium.
  14. 14.  When compared to other devices like TV, radio is easily repairable.  The spare parts are available & relatively cheaper.  It consumes less current and can be operated using battery also.
  15. 15.  No face to face interaction & one way communication.  It cannot be used effectively for all subjects especially Sciences.  It is only an auditory presentation and very little of what we hear, we can remember.  Production of radio programs requires expertise.
  16. 16.  ETV is a system that presents learning content in various subjects produced by an agency.  It is a means of providing formal education as well as non formal.  Wayne Coy calls ETV as the “Electronic blackboard of the future”.
  17. 17. o ETV combines both sensory and auditory experiences. o It offers uniformity of communication. o It is a versatile educational vehicle. o It stimulates and reinforces ideas. o It provides live broadcasts of ‘on the spot’ events. o It is a means for leisure time activities.
  18. 18. 1. Monologue: A narrator narrates the aspects, interlacing it with visuals & illustrations. 2. Dialogue: Conversation between two people. 3. Interviews 4. Panel discussion 5. Quiz 6. Dramas
  19. 19.  Television as a means of extending children’s experience.  To provide background material for a lesson the teacher will deliver.  To reinforce and review ideas already covered in class.  To provide salient illustration that will stimulate class discussion.
  20. 20.  It is a one way communication.  Low and poor accessibility.  Costly affair both production and receiving.  Difficult to integrate TV and classroom teaching.  Visuals become a source of distraction.
  21. 21. I. PLANNING & PREPARATION OF PROGRAM o The ultimate user of the ETV program is the teacher o The teachers role in making decisions regarding the content, matter & sequence is of utmost importance
  22. 22. o TV presentation requires some extra skills other than classroom teaching skills. o So a teacher should be competent to present a lesson in the studio
  23. 23. o The teacher has to get the pupil ready to watch a program by providing necessary background information and later on conclude based on observations after viewing of the program. o He should be in a position to clarify doubts & elaborate certain missing links.
  24. 24. o The teacher should be trained to evaluate all aspects of the program so that he will be in a position to suggest modifications both in content & style of presentation.
  25. 25.  Educational films are one such means of indirect experience.  Motion pictures or films present an abstracted version of the real events omitting unnecessary and unimportant details.  A film is a multiple media communication which presents facts in a realistic way, dramatize human relations arouses emotions and transmits attitudes.  It may be use for the communication of ideas, attitudes and experiences to a large number of people.
  26. 26. -> Instructional films -> Documentary films
  27. 27.  They are specially planned to achieve certain educational objectives and are made in specific subject areas or teaching purposes.  These films can be background films or direct teaching films.  They help to promote to achieve a skill, an attitude or to convey certain facts, information, phenomena or theory.
  28. 28.  They are made on specific topics/aspects and highlight them.  Documentaries with relevance to a curriculum can be used as supplementary material for classroom teaching.
  29. 29.  Motion pictures motivate students and compel attention.  They do provide recreation  It can bring in past & distant present into the classrooms.  They are vivid & hence good motivators & help develop good study habits.
  30. 30. I. The teacher selects the film  He should take care to select a film which would help realize his objectives.  For that he should : (a) know the best films available (b) know the source of these films (c) be familiar with the content
  31. 31.  The teacher should organise the filming in a systematic manner by making proper seating arrangements, check lighting, check ventilation & test projector & trial run the film
  32. 32.  The teacher should go through the instructional manual & guide, which accompanies the film.  He should prepare the students by providing the necessary background information & keep the students ready.
  33. 33.  The film should be presented at the right moment integrating it with classroom teaching.  If necessary the screening should be stopped to just recapitulate in between.  At the end of the film a brief conclusion with students interaction should be conducted on the spot.
  34. 34.  There should be immediate evaluation, either oral or written for feedback.  In the light of information obtained, the teacher should immediately correct misconceptions or errors if any n the learner’s understanding.
  35. 35.  There is a time lag between screening of lesson and feedback session, hence some important doubts & explanations can be missed.  It is a costly affair to procure hardware and it is a dream for most of our ill equipped schools.  The teachers are also not trained in the use and maintenance of equipment.