Maslow

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maslow need hierarchy theory

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Maslow

  1. 1. Maslow’s Theory <ul><li>“We each have a hierarchy of 5 needs that ranges from &quot;lower&quot; to &quot;higher.&quot; As lower needs are fulfilled there is a tendency for other, higher needs to emerge.” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Maslow’s Theory <ul><li>Maslow’s theory maintains that a person does not feel a higher need until the needs of the current level have been satisfied. Maslow's basic needs are as follows: </li></ul>
  3. 4. Summary Esteem Self-Actualization Safety Belonging Physiological
  4. 5. Physiological Needs <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul>Basic Human Needs
  5. 6. Safety Needs <ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Pain Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Routine/Order </li></ul>Safety and Security
  6. 7. Social Needs <ul><li>Affection </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion </li></ul>Love and Belonging
  7. 8. Esteem Needs <ul><li>Self-Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Respected by Others </li></ul>Esteem
  8. 9. Self-Actualization <ul><li>Achieve full potential </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfillment </li></ul>
  9. 10. Implementing in the Organization Room temperature Pacing/Breaks Physiological Maintain a safe and non-threatening atmosphere Create a comfortable environment Safety Introductions Interact with students Inclusive activities Social Feedback Acknowledge success Esteem Provide challenges Encourage autonomy Self-Actualization
  10. 11. Assumptions <ul><li>Behaviour of people depends upon their needs. Human behaviour can be changed or motivated by fulfilling their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfied needs are not motivators, only unsatisfied needs influences behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Needs follow the hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>There is always a sequence of emergency of needs. Higher level needs do not emerge or motivate unless all lower level needs have been fairly satisfied </li></ul>
  11. 12. Advantages <ul><li>It is a logical theory because it recognises that an individual does something to fulfill his diverse needs </li></ul><ul><li>It clearly states that satisfied needs are not motivators. Therefore managers can easily concentrate on unsatisfied needs of their subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>It offers useful ideas for understanding human needs and ways for satisfying them </li></ul>
  12. 13. Disadvantages <ul><li>Maslow’s theory may not be accurate in real life </li></ul><ul><li>Maslow’s theory is based on a small sample of subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Need hierarchy may not be the same along all the employees </li></ul><ul><li>There is no evidence that satisfied need is not a motivator </li></ul>

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