Gender Strategy with specific attention tomainstreaming gender concerns in GlobalRice Science Partnership (GRiSP):CRP 3:3S...
Rice and women• Rice farming is a major source of employment for many  families, especially the poor in Asia and Africa• A...
GRiSP’s mission• Reduce poverty and hunger• Improve human health and nutrition• Reduce the environmental footprint and  en...
Objectives of GRiSP• To increase rice productivity through development  of improved varieties and other technologies along...
Global Research ThemesTheme 1 Harnessing genetic diversity to chart new    productivity, quality and health horizonTheme 2...
Gender-responsive objectives in GRiSP• Assess the changes (global and local) in rice-based  agricultural systems which aff...
IRRI uses a three-prongedapproach in tackling gender issues• Conduct strategic research on emerging  gender issues in rice...
Gender-related activities     Activities                        Focus                            Approach1. Conduct strate...
Gender-related activities      Activities               Focus                    Approach2. Mainstream the     - New and p...
Process of integrating gender in technologydevelopment and dissemination     Initial problem diagnosis and environment    ...
Stages of farmer-researcher partnership on PVS                        Baseline                     socioeconomic        Pa...
* Men and women have common and different varietal preferences andneeds based on gender roles and socio-economic status. T...
Men and women’s participation in     preference analysis (%), India, 2008-2011807060504030                                ...
Men and women’s participation in preference      analysis (%), Bangladesh and Nepal, 2008-201190807060504030              ...
Women’s participation in PVS, Africa Restauratrices échangeant sur les        qualités des NERICA                         ...
Gender-related activities        Activities                    Focus                           Approach3. Build and enhanc...
T. Paris, D. Manzanilla, G. Tatlonghari, R. Labios, A. Cueno, and D. Villanueva.2011. Guide to participatory varietal sele...
Leadership Course for      Asian and   African Women in Agriculture R & D and         Extension                           ...
Empowering women as entrepreneurs in  transplanting rice Tamil Nadu, India CSISA         project
Gender –related activities        Activities                 Focus                        Outputs4. Develop monitoring    ...
Conceptual Framework for Women Empowerment FtF                       Indicators                                           ...
Challenges in integrating gender          concerns in R & D• Need to have well-designed methods/methodologies/processes fo...
Gender strategy in GRiSP June 15
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Gender strategy in GRiSP June 15

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  • Gender is a cross cutting thematic area in which analysis is used to inform and deepen the relevance of other research themes
  • Gender-responsive objectives will be addressed in all Themes
  • These three-prolonged approach in tacking gender issues also interrelated and iterative
  • * Developed the baseline socioeconomic surveys under STRASA, Green Super Rice and Village Dynamic Studies VDSA (funded by BMGF) – labor, income, women empowerment
  • - Standardized the protocol of PVS in India, Bangladesh, Nepal under STRASA and CPWF which integrate socio (gender-cultural)- Post harvest and processing technologies and microenterprise - focus
  • -
  • Gender strategy in GRiSP June 15

    1. 1. Gender Strategy with specific attention tomainstreaming gender concerns in GlobalRice Science Partnership (GRiSP):CRP 3:3Sustainable crop productivity increase forglobal food security IRRI, AfricaRice, CIAT Presented by Thelma R. Paris, IRRI with Kamala Gurung (IRRI- Bangladesh) and Rita Agboh Noameshi (AfricaRice) Progress on Gender-Research and Agriculture in the CGIAR June 12, 2012
    2. 2. Rice and women• Rice farming is a major source of employment for many families, especially the poor in Asia and Africa• About four-fifths of global rice production is grown by small scale farmers in low income developing countries• Vast rice areas are prone to abiotic stresses, rainfed, small and marginal landholdings with low yields• Extreme climate variability poses threat to food security• Rural women play critical roles as farmers, agricultural workers and users of natural resources for food, fuel, fodder• With increasing male out-migration, women left behind are becoming de facto heads of households and farm managers• Women hold the keys to reducing poverty and hunger
    3. 3. GRiSP’s mission• Reduce poverty and hunger• Improve human health and nutrition• Reduce the environmental footprint and enhance the ecosystem resilience of rice production systems
    4. 4. Objectives of GRiSP• To increase rice productivity through development of improved varieties and other technologies along the value chain• To foster more sustainable rice-based production systems that use resources more efficiently• To improve the efficiency and equity of the rice sector through better and more accessible information and strengthened delivery mechanisms
    5. 5. Global Research ThemesTheme 1 Harnessing genetic diversity to chart new productivity, quality and health horizonTheme 2 Accelerating the development, delivery and adoption of improved rice varietiesTheme 3 Ecological and sustainable management of rice –based production systemsTheme 4 Extracting more value from rice harvests through improved quality, processing , market systems and new productsTheme 5 Technology targeting and policy (Socioeconomic and gender analysis for technology evaluation)Theme 6 Supporting the growth of the global rice sector
    6. 6. Gender-responsive objectives in GRiSP• Assess the changes (global and local) in rice-based agricultural systems which affect gender roles in ensuring food security and the corresponding constraints and opportunities for change (Theme 5)• Assess gender-differentiated impact on productivity, sustainability, efficiency and equity of rice technologies (Theme 5)• Ensure technology development (including sustainable resource mgt) for rice takes gender differences into account (Themes 1,2,3)• Develop approaches for equitable inclusion of men and women in rice value chain development, large scale dissemination strategies for seed and marketing (Themes, 4,6)
    7. 7. IRRI uses a three-prongedapproach in tackling gender issues• Conduct strategic research on emerging gender issues in rice-based economy• Involve men and women farmers in technology development and dissemination and build their capacities• Enhance the leadership skills of Asian and African women in rice research, development and extension
    8. 8. Gender-related activities Activities Focus Approach1. Conduct strategic - Understanding gendered - Baselineresearch that will vulnerabilities to extreme climate socioeconomic analysisidentify gender variability and identification of with genderequitable rice adaptation strategies disaggregatedresearch for - Assessment of gendered gaps in information and genderdevelopment and access to and control of key assets and analysis (STRASA, GSR)extension programs productive resources - Use of qualitative and - Knowledge of social (gender) quantitative methods(Theme 5) dynamics in relation to changing rice- of inquiry (GAAP) based agricultural systems e.g rice- fish, rice-wheat systems - Analysis of on-farm performances, gender disaggregated constraints and social and economic effects of technological interventions
    9. 9. Gender-related activities Activities Focus Approach2. Mainstream the - New and promising - Preference analysis ofuse of gender tolerant breeding lines elite lines/varieties ofdifferentiation and for drought, men and women (atgender analysis in submergence and least 30-50% ) areadaptive research salinity (STRASA, CSISA, womenprocesses CURE) - Participatory on-farm - Sustainable and experiments conducted(Themes 2, 3, 4) efficient resource by women farmers management - Participatory - Post harvest and evaluation of post processing technologies harvest technologies and microenterprises for cereals -SeedNet -* with women (CSISA-BD) groups
    10. 10. Process of integrating gender in technologydevelopment and dissemination Initial problem diagnosis and environment characterization (include gender-differentiated information and gender analysis) Identify whether there are gender differences in constraints to increasing productivity and criteria for technology adoption Test potential technologies to overcome constraints through participatory approaches (include women as farmer cooperators and evaluators) Monitor and evaluate (technical performance, economic feasibility, social and cultural acceptability, changes in gender roles, women empowerment) Technology dissemination (scaling up) - include women as key agents of change
    11. 11. Stages of farmer-researcher partnership on PVS Baseline socioeconomic Participatory rural surveys appraisal (PRA) Inclusion of male and female farmers in selecting new lines Survey of varieties by area Social and gender before harvesting rice Use of simple methods of planted, land type, cropping analyses rating, for systems, farming systems example, preferential Stage 2 analysis of males and females Stage 1 Evaluation of new rice lines and sensory tests Data on men and women Setting on-station and on-farm benefitting from the project breeding goals managed by researchersbased on the “snowball effect”or the flow of technology within (mother trials) and in adjacent villages Inclusion of male and Stage 5 female volunteer farmers Gender- in farmer-managed trials disaggregated Assessment of benefits of data on impact PVS by both researchers Stage 3 assessment based Evaluation of new rice lines Use of farmer rating on selected and farmer-cooperators in comparing two to indicators in farmers’ fields managed three new lines with by farmers their variety Oral testimonies of men and (baby trials) Conduct of focus women cooperators of Stage 4 interviews with separate farmer-managed trials Wide diffusion of groups (males or seeds/scaling up females) and individual male and female farmer- cooperators Distribution of farmer- Conduct of field days at preferred varieties to active researcher- and farmer- male and female farmers in Survey using a managed trials Strategies and methods many villages representing the target environment semi-structured to incorporate social and questionnaire to assess the spread and adoption gender analysis in rice of varieties breeding in SE Asia, SA and Africa
    12. 12. * Men and women have common and different varietal preferences andneeds based on gender roles and socio-economic status. Therefore theiropinions should be considered in varietal improvement
    13. 13. Men and women’s participation in preference analysis (%), India, 2008-2011807060504030 Male20 Female100 2008 2010 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2011 Submergence Salinity/Sodicity Drought
    14. 14. Men and women’s participation in preference analysis (%), Bangladesh and Nepal, 2008-201190807060504030 Male20 Female10 0 Nepal 80 2010 2008 2009 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 2008 2009 2010 2011 70 60 50 Submergence Salinity/Sodicity Drought 40 30 Male 20Bangladesh 10 Female 0 2008 2008 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 Submergence Drought
    15. 15. Women’s participation in PVS, Africa Restauratrices échangeant sur les qualités des NERICA • Farmers are invited three times at different rice growth stages • They evaluate varieties/lines by casting their votes on preferred lines356 farmers (177 men and 179 women) were involved in the process
    16. 16. Gender-related activities Activities Focus Approach3. Build and enhance -Enhancement of skills of Training courses given by IRRIcapacities of women male and female scientists a) Leadership for Asian and Africanscientists engaged in rice (biophysical and social women inR, D and E and use scientists) and research, development, andinnovative strategies to development and extension;empower grassroots extension workers from b) Gender analysis and its applicationwomen with technical different institutions in rice-based farming systems forknowledge and skills as -Enhancement of technical both male and female researcherswell as disseminate knowledge and skills of c) Seed health training for womentechnologies to other grassroots women farmerswomen (community seed bank in d) Training NARES scientists on Nepal, use of machinery in Participatory Varietal Selection(Themes 1-6) India) (PVS) e) Socio-economic impact assessment (with focus on poverty and gender)
    17. 17. T. Paris, D. Manzanilla, G. Tatlonghari, R. Labios, A. Cueno, and D. Villanueva.2011. Guide to participatory varietal selection for submergence-tolerant rice.Los Baños, Laguna (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 11 p.
    18. 18. Leadership Course for Asian and African Women in Agriculture R & D and Extension 2005- 160 women participants (2002-2010) Participants - NARES and IRRI outreach offices (26 countries) Resource persons – IRRI scientists, resource persons from Training Center and IRRI Human Resource and from Management Organized by Dr. TParis, SSD and Noel Magor, IRRI, Training Center
    19. 19. Empowering women as entrepreneurs in transplanting rice Tamil Nadu, India CSISA project
    20. 20. Gender –related activities Activities Focus Outputs4. Develop monitoring Product-specific - Gender disaggregated baselineand evaluation tools for measureable socioeconomic studies andgender and equity milestones to form the midline surveys (GAAP, STRASA) basis for all monitoring - Women’s Empowerment Index* CSISA - Bangladesh and reporting - Male and female participation in project activities eg PVS, demonstration trials, experiments, field days, seed distribution, workshops, training courses, etc. (STRASA, CSISA) - Collection of information (before and after) of outcomes of technology adoption for different categories of women (farming and landless) (CSISA, CURE)
    21. 21. Conceptual Framework for Women Empowerment FtF Indicators Five domain (USAID-FiFAssets (e.g., indicators) land, seed, Livelihoods Effects/c i. Production Well Being livestock) strategies hanges ii. Access to the resource/serv. (USD350) iii. Income utilization iv. Labor (Time) contribution v. Leadership development Interventions/Activities (e.g.) ●Postharvest technologies ● Introduction of Improved/hybrid rice varieties ●Agricultural mechanization Legend: Women Joint Men
    22. 22. Challenges in integrating gender concerns in R & D• Need to have well-designed methods/methodologies/processes for integrating gender concerns as routine way of R & D• Strong collaboration between social scientists and biophysical scientists and Program Theme leaders (need resource allocation for gender)• Need to explore various ways of effectively working with women’s groups to establish income generating activities - resources beyond product development• Social scientists, especially women, in countries where there are social restrictions are scant; need more training and support from local institutions• Leadership course for Asian and African Women in R,D, E organized by IRRI needs to be expanded and given more support for sustainability – increasing demand but low resources

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