A new way of working - New partnership model: CCAFS is not only a CGIAR program – it is actually a joint program between the CGIAR and the Earth Systems science partnership – the ESSP includes such organisations as the World Climate Research Program and Diversitas. The largest coalition of scientists working on developing country agriculture & CC!
Shown in the blue circles are the baseline sites where we are currently workingIn 2012 we will initiate work in two new regions.
Main message: this is an early output from Theme 1 – crucial for adaptation planning - Identifies sites where the climate today is similar to the projected future climate for a given location. It also demonstrates the need to work with climate scientists in this work – requiring new partnerships, e.g. with the World Climate Research Program
Main message: also need to work across the CRPs – here is an example of that.
Main message: an early output, once again indicating new partnerhsips, this one with WFP and various humanitariam organisations.
Main message: most of the field work is adaptive/action research – here is work with many carbon projects in africaBrought together all the main players setting up community carbon projects in West and East AfricaIdentified research needs – institutional models, how they might work best for efficiency, equity Direct link between research and action Strong demand from carbon project managers
Main Message: Here is a first product from the Theme – demonstrates partnership (here with FAO) and inter-centre collaboration (8 centers)Wide set of CG and ESSP partners writing book chapters for Earthscan; covering the range of ag sectors including livestock and fisheriesSimilarly full range of lessons from REDD+: technical options, “measurement, reporting and verification” (MRV), finance, institutions, incentives-Using modeling, remote sensing data and data on farmers' management practices, Winrock International and Applied GeoSolutions are estimating current agricultural emissions and generating scenarios of different mitigation strategies consistent with maintaining food supply.
Main message: inter-centre collaboration (5 centers) and a new spirit in getting data public (data was available to public 6 months after completion of the field work).An example of inter-Centre collaborationThe baseline survey included HH, village and organisational surveysThe household survey was a massive exercise – training of survey teams and partners, multi-lingual survey instrument, large number of households in remote sitesInvolved 5 CGIAR CentersIt an impressive feat the data was publically available within 6 months of final data collection
Main message: An output from Theme 4 – demonstrates the need to work with the top climate scientists.No where more do we need this kind of partnership – because it is crucial to downscale the climate data to scales that can be used in agriculture.Here is an example of a tool that was finalised this year to get downscaled data for all areas of the globe.
Main message – a major new partnership launched:The partnership will be launched in Durban at COP17 – represents a major forum for collaboration amongst the key global agencies. The Wall Street Journal just published an article about the partnership. http://blogs.wsj.com/source/2011/11/28/agriculture-orgs-up-pressure-ahead-of-durban-climate-talks/
Main message: working across the forest and agriculture boundary – with jointly planned events between forest and agriculture day. This is part of “knowledge to action work”
CCAFS probably represents the most radical reform of the research program in the new CGIAR
Reform in the making: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS)
CGIAR 40th Anniversary Reform in the making:CGIAR Research Program on ClimateChange and Food Security (CCAFS) Ruben Echeverria, Director General, CIAT
CCAFS: the partnership! The largest global coalition of scientists working ondeveloping-country agriculture and climate change
The CCAFS framework Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: Improved 1.Adaptation to Progressive Climate Environmental Improved Change Health Rural 2.Adaptation through Managing Climate Livelihoods Risk Improved 3.Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Food Security 4. Integration for Decision Making •Linking Knowledge with Action •Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and Planning •Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis Enhanced adaptive capacity
THE VISIONTo adapt farmingsystems, weneed to:• Close theyield gap byeffectively usingcurrent Theme 1:technologies, practices andpolicies Adaptation to• Increase thebar: develop Progressivenew ways toincreaseagricultural Climate Changepotential• Enablepolicies andinstitutions, from the farm tonational level
Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate ChangeObjective One:Adapted farming systems via integratedtechnologies, practices, and policiesObjective Two:Breeding strategies to address abiotic andbiotic stresses induced by future climatesObjective Three:Integrate adaptation strategies foragricultural and food systems into policyand institutional frameworks
Farms of the future • The climate analogue tool, crucial for adaptation planning • Choice of sites for cross-site farmer visits and participatory crop and livestock trials
• Joint staff position between CCAFS and GRiSP• On breeding priorities for a 2030 world • Joint participaory action research in Bangladesh – WorldFish led (CRP1.3); CCAFS contributing
THE VISION• Climate-relatedrisk impedesdevelopment, leading to chronicpoverty anddependency• Actions takennow can reducevulnerability in Theme 2:the short term andenhance Adaptationresilience in thelong term•Improving current throughclimate riskmanagement will managingreduceobstacles to climate riskmaking futurestructuraladaptations.
Managing Climate RiskObjective One:Building resilient livelihoods (Farm level)Objective Two:Food delivery, trade, and crisis response(Food system level)Objective Three:Enhanced climate information and services
Pro-Poor CC MitigationObjective One:Identify low-carbon agricultural developmentpathwaysObjective Two:Develop incentives and institutionalarrangementsObjective Three:Develop on-farm technological options formitigation and research landscape implications
At field level much of the work isparticipatory action research e.g. Cross-project learning (community carbon projects) on best-bet research needs and institutional models across East and West Africa
• Earthscan book on current knowledge (with FAO)• Involved authors from 8 Centers
VISION•Provide ananalytical anddiagnosticframework, grounded in the policycontext•Effectivelyengage with ruralstakeholders anddecision makers•Communicate Theme 4:likely effects ofspecific policiesand interventions•Build partners’ Integration forcapacity decision-making
Integration for Decision Making Objective One: Linking knowledge with action Objective Two: Data and tools for analysis and planning Objective Three: Refining frameworks for policy analysis
Downscaled climate data Select climate model(6 options or their avg) Selectemissions scenario (3 options) ™ Select location
Partnership on climate-smartagriculture• FAO, WB, CGIAR, UNEP, IFAD, Global Mechanism
Communicating together: Mapping climate-induced food insecurity• ILRI research team for CCAFS Theme 4 (ICRAF)• Communications efforts: CCAFS in collaboration with ICRAF, ILRI and CIAT• Outreach, online promotion: many CG Centers and partners• Scientists across Centers: interviews in four languagesThe Result:• Online coverage at TIME.com, BBC, Guardian, Reuters, NatureNews, VOA, and more…• Report downloaded 1038 times in first week• Traffic to CCAFS website increased by 500 in 1 week See details at http://ccafs.cgiar.org/resources/climatehotspots • >5% reduction in growing season • Low adaptive capacity 734 million people • High dependence on agriculture
Collaborating on major eventsLandscape weekend at COP17: CIAT, CIFOR, ICRISAT, ICRAF
Established the Commission• Chair: Sir John Beddington, UK Chief Scientist• Includes senior scientists from Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, Fran ce, India, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, United States, Vietnam
Social differentiation and gender• > 30% of milestones have gender/differentiation elements• >20% of research budget goes to research with explicit gender/differentiation elements
Real CGIAR reform at work!• Program Director based outside a CGIAR center (@ U of CPH, Denmark)• 30% budget to non CGIAR partners• Program Management Committee: 2 of the 6 members not from CGIAR• Independent Science Panel (sets strategy & oversees budget allocation) – consists of individuals not from CGIAR• All 15 CGIAR Centers contributing