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Reform in the making: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS)


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Presentation given by Ruben Echeverria, Director-General, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) at the celebration of the 40th Anniversary of CGIAR, at the FAO in Rome. 2 December 2011

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Reform in the making: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS)

  1. 1. CGIAR 40th Anniversary Reform in the making:CGIAR Research Program on ClimateChange and Food Security (CCAFS) Ruben Echeverria, Director General, CIAT
  2. 2. CCAFS: the partnership! The largest global coalition of scientists working ondeveloping-country agriculture and climate change
  3. 3. The CCAFS framework Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: Improved 1.Adaptation to Progressive Climate Environmental Improved Change Health Rural 2.Adaptation through Managing Climate Livelihoods Risk Improved 3.Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Food Security 4. Integration for Decision Making •Linking Knowledge with Action •Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and Planning •Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis Enhanced adaptive capacity
  4. 4. Where CCAFS works
  5. 5. THE VISIONTo adapt farmingsystems, weneed to:• Close theyield gap byeffectively usingcurrent Theme 1:technologies, practices andpolicies Adaptation to• Increase thebar: develop Progressivenew ways toincreaseagricultural Climate Changepotential• Enablepolicies andinstitutions, from the farm tonational level
  6. 6. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate ChangeObjective One:Adapted farming systems via integratedtechnologies, practices, and policiesObjective Two:Breeding strategies to address abiotic andbiotic stresses induced by future climatesObjective Three:Integrate adaptation strategies foragricultural and food systems into policyand institutional frameworks
  7. 7. Farms of the future • The climate analogue tool, crucial for adaptation planning • Choice of sites for cross-site farmer visits and participatory crop and livestock trials
  8. 8. • Joint staff position between CCAFS and GRiSP• On breeding priorities for a 2030 world • Joint participaory action research in Bangladesh – WorldFish led (CRP1.3); CCAFS contributing
  9. 9. THE VISION• Climate-relatedrisk impedesdevelopment, leading to chronicpoverty anddependency• Actions takennow can reducevulnerability in Theme 2:the short term andenhance Adaptationresilience in thelong term•Improving current throughclimate riskmanagement will managingreduceobstacles to climate riskmaking futurestructuraladaptations.
  10. 10. Managing Climate RiskObjective One:Building resilient livelihoods (Farm level)Objective Two:Food delivery, trade, and crisis response(Food system level)Objective Three:Enhanced climate information and services
  11. 11. Improved useof climateinformation bycrisis responseagencies
  12. 12. CHALLENGESShort-term:Identifyingoptions feasiblefor smallholdermitigation andtrade-offs withother outcomes Theme 3:Long-term:Conflict betweenachieving food Pro-poorsecurity andagriculturalmitigation Mitigation
  13. 13. Pro-Poor CC MitigationObjective One:Identify low-carbon agricultural developmentpathwaysObjective Two:Develop incentives and institutionalarrangementsObjective Three:Develop on-farm technological options formitigation and research landscape implications
  14. 14. At field level much of the work isparticipatory action research e.g. Cross-project learning (community carbon projects) on best-bet research needs and institutional models across East and West Africa
  15. 15. • Earthscan book on current knowledge (with FAO)• Involved authors from 8 Centers
  16. 16. VISION•Provide ananalytical anddiagnosticframework, grounded in the policycontext•Effectivelyengage with ruralstakeholders anddecision makers•Communicate Theme 4:likely effects ofspecific policiesand interventions•Build partners’ Integration forcapacity decision-making
  17. 17. Integration for Decision Making Objective One: Linking knowledge with action Objective Two: Data and tools for analysis and planning Objective Three: Refining frameworks for policy analysis
  18. 18. Baseline survey•Household Household•Village survey:•Service organization Covering 3 regions, 12 countries, 36 sites, 252 villages, with 5,040 households resources/baseline- surveys involved 5 CGIAR Centers
  19. 19. Downscaled climate data Select climate model(6 options or their avg) Selectemissions scenario (3 options) ™ Select location
  20. 20. Partnership on climate-smartagriculture• FAO, WB, CGIAR, UNEP, IFAD, Global Mechanism
  21. 21. Communicating together: Mapping climate-induced food insecurity• ILRI research team for CCAFS Theme 4 (ICRAF)• Communications efforts: CCAFS in collaboration with ICRAF, ILRI and CIAT• Outreach, online promotion: many CG Centers and partners• Scientists across Centers: interviews in four languagesThe Result:• Online coverage at, BBC, Guardian, Reuters, NatureNews, VOA, and more…• Report downloaded 1038 times in first week• Traffic to CCAFS website increased by 500 in 1 week See details at • >5% reduction in growing season • Low adaptive capacity 734 million people • High dependence on agriculture
  22. 22. Collaborating on major eventsLandscape weekend at COP17: CIAT, CIFOR, ICRISAT, ICRAF
  23. 23. Agr. Daywith 20partners
  24. 24. Established the Commission• Chair: Sir John Beddington, UK Chief Scientist• Includes senior scientists from Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, Fran ce, India, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, United States, Vietnam
  25. 25. Social differentiation and gender• > 30% of milestones have gender/differentiation elements• >20% of research budget goes to research with explicit gender/differentiation elements
  26. 26. Real CGIAR reform at work!• Program Director based outside a CGIAR center (@ U of CPH, Denmark)• 30% budget to non CGIAR partners• Program Management Committee: 2 of the 6 members not from CGIAR• Independent Science Panel (sets strategy & oversees budget allocation) – consists of individuals not from CGIAR• All 15 CGIAR Centers contributing
  27. 27. CIAT: Science for Impact