Evergreen agriculture


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Presentation by Dennis Garrity, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) at the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture (GFIA), February 4, 2014

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Evergreen agriculture

  1. 1. EverGreen Agriculture as a Transformational Approach to Climate Change Resilience
  2. 2. The Faidherbia halo effect • Microclimate buffering • Soil fertility improvement
  3. 3. A parkland farmlands renaissance in Niger
  4. 4. Five million hectares of croplands now dominated by fertilizer trees in Niger
  5. 5. Faidherbia albida is commonly found in cereal crop systems in Ethiopia
  6. 6. EverGreen Agriculture with Faidherbia albida
  7. 7. Small-scale Conservation Farming with Faidherbia Zambia
  8. 8. Gliricidia: N-fixing fertilizer trees double maize yields in Malawi
  9. 9. Long-term maize yield without fertilizer in a Gliricidia P addition system resumed Flood P stopped Drought Drought
  10. 10. Impact of fertilizer trees on maize yield under farmer management _______________________________________ Plot management Yield (t/ha) Maize only 1.30 Maize + fertilizer trees 3.05 ____________________________________________________________ 2011 Survey of farms in six districts (Mzimba, Lilongwe, Mulanje, Salima, Thyolo and Machinga)
  11. 11. What is Evergreen Agriculture? A form of more intensive farming that integrates trees into crop and livestock production systems. EverGreen farming systems are ‘doublestory’ systems that feature both perennial and annual species (food crops and trees), maintaining a green cover on the land throughout the year.
  12. 12. Types of Evergreen Agriculture 1. Farmer-Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) on cropland 2. Conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) 3. Conventional agriculture interplanted with trees
  13. 13. Malawi National Agroforestry Food Security Programme
  14. 14. 17 Countries are engaged in EverGreen Agriculture Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Conservation Agriculture with trees Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration + Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland
  15. 15. EverGreen Agriculture Partnership Private Sector Farmers and farmer groups International and regional research Steering Group Donors International and regional development Governments and Policy Civil Society Youth and Education
  16. 16. Conclusions – Way Forward • EverGreen Agriculture is a climate resilient agriculture that regenerates land health and enhances food security. • The approach has taken root in Africa and is spreading rapidly. • Millions of smallholders are adopting these very low cost and effective land regeneration methods. • Many nations are creating the policy and institutional mechanisms to foster adoption.
  17. 17. For More Information World Agroforestry Centre www.worldagroforestry.org Evergreen Agriculture web site www.evergreenagriculture.net Email contacts: d.garrity@cgiar.org