2012 safety

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2012 safety

  1. 1. Safety Total Violent Criminal CodeViolations per 100,000 People
  2. 2. Significance• A safer society has, all else equal, a higher level of well- being.• Violent crimes involve harm or threats of harm to people and a low violent crime rate can significantly improve the lives of a population.• Understanding which communities have low violent crime rates can help people to make informed decisions about where to live.
  3. 3. Core Indicator• The number of total violent criminal code violations per 100,000 people is used to measure the incidence of violent crime.• In Canada the incidence of violent crime decreased 14.5% from 2000 to 2011, an average of 1.7% per year (see following chart).
  4. 4. Total Violent Criminal Code Violations Per 100,000 People in Canada 1998-20111,5501,5001,4501,4001,3501,3001,2501,200 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 252-0051 (UCR)
  5. 5. Decline in Violent Crime Rate• The decline seen between 2000 and 2011 can be examined in further detail by looking at specific violations (see following chart).• By far the largest decline occurred in abductions (52%), followed by violent crime with firearms (23%), and robberies (13.4%).• In contrast, forced confinement (kidnapping) increased by 55.6 %.
  6. 6. Percent Change in Violent Criminal CodeViolations per 100,000 people by detailed Violations in Canada, 2000-201180.060.040.020.0 0.0-20.0-40.0-60.0 Total abduction Total firearms; use Total violent Criminal Total robbery Homicide Total forcible of, discharge, pointing Code violations confinement or kidnapping Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 252-0051 (UCR)
  7. 7. Canada’s Major CMAs• Among Canada’s largest census metropolitan areas (CMAs), only St. John’s, Halifax, and Winnipeg had more violent criminal code violations per 100,000 than the Canadian average in 2011 (see following chart).• Ottawa’s violent crime rate – the lowest among the major CMAs in 2011 – was nearly half the Canadian average.
  8. 8. Total Violent Criminal Code Violations per 100,000 people in Major CMAs, 20111,8001,6001,4001,2001,000 800 600 400 200 0 Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 252-0051 (UCR)
  9. 9. CMA Trends (2000 to 2011)• Between 2000 and 2011, the violent crime rate actually fell in all major CMAs except for Edmonton, Québec, Kitchener, and St. John’s (see following chart).• St. John’s had by far the largest increase in violent crime (26.6%), followed by Kitchener (6.7%).• The violent crime rate shrunk the most in Victoria (down 33.6%), followed by Toronto (down 32.1%).
  10. 10. Percent Change in Total Violent CriminalCode Violations per 100,000 People in Major CMAs, 2000-201130.020.010.0 0.0-10.0-20.0-30.0-40.0 Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 252-0051 (UCR)

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