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The impacts of Climate Change
Sectoral Applications
Robert Vautard
Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace,
Laboratoire des Sciences...
General needs of climate
information
• Policy development (at EU/national scales)
• Strategic industry decision (long-term...
A large set of exisiting capacities
& initiatives in Europe
IS-ENES
ECLISE
CLIMRUN
SPECS
EUPORIAS
IMPACT2C
OASIS
E3P
ATLA
...
Examples of key issues for the
energy sector
Manage the balance
between demand and
supply with a high
share of renewables
...
Examples of indicators
Change in extractable
wind power 2050-present
Tobin et al. (2015)
Changes in hydrology
Evolution of...
Health
Users (public health,
pharma. Industry?)
• Heat/cold effect
indicators for
mortality
• Air pollution
• Pollen-relat...
Risks due to extreme events
Users (Insurance, authorities,
public & medias & cross-sectoral)
Needs
• Tailored extreme indi...
Three main challenges with
sectoral applications
• Addressing both adaptation and mitigation
• Providing consistent inform...
The need of an ecosystem
Academics, climate
and weather services
- Basic research
- Model & method
development
- Projectio...
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The impacts of climate change - Sectoral applications, Robert Vautard

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R. Vautard (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Saclay, France), at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

Published in: Science
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The impacts of climate change - Sectoral applications, Robert Vautard

  1. 1. The impacts of Climate Change Sectoral Applications Robert Vautard Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement
  2. 2. General needs of climate information • Policy development (at EU/national scales) • Strategic industry decision (long-term investments) • Operational management (seasonal to decadal: optimisation of costs, reduction of risks) Climate change a difficult science, uncertainties are large, projections difficult to verify: Needs training, exchanges, co-design of products and even of questions
  3. 3. A large set of exisiting capacities & initiatives in Europe IS-ENES ECLISE CLIMRUN SPECS EUPORIAS IMPACT2C OASIS E3P ATLA CDF … CHARME CLIP-C ERACLIM2 EUCLEIA QA4ECV UERRA National/regional centers/platforms Operational CCS
  4. 4. Examples of key issues for the energy sector Manage the balance between demand and supply with a high share of renewables Anticipate risks due to extreme events and changes - Severe weather damages - Cold spells (demand peak) - Heat (cooling water) - Sea level rise & high waves - … Evaluate renewable resource and their changes Evaluate changes in operating conditions
  5. 5. Examples of indicators Change in extractable wind power 2050-present Tobin et al. (2015) Changes in hydrology Evolution of river temperatures
  6. 6. Health Users (public health, pharma. Industry?) • Heat/cold effect indicators for mortality • Air pollution • Pollen-related risks • Infectious disease • Vector-borne disease • Extreme events 2050 RCP45 CHIMERE & REGCM Airborne ragweed pollen Current climate Hamaoui-Laguel et al., 2015 Vardoulakis & Heaviside 2012 ATOPICA FP7 Heat Deaths (UK) Cold Deaths (UK)
  7. 7. Risks due to extreme events Users (Insurance, authorities, public & medias & cross-sectoral) Needs • Tailored extreme indices (eg floods, heatwaves etc) • Events catalogs, time series, with multi-variate consistency • Attribution of extreme events (interpreting EE in climate change context) Storm surge Wind field Rainfall Climate hazard catalogue for modeling exposure OASIS Heat waves indices (observed and projected)
  8. 8. Three main challenges with sectoral applications • Addressing both adaptation and mitigation • Providing consistent information at pan- European scale • Providing innovative co-designed products of research in operational context
  9. 9. The need of an ecosystem Academics, climate and weather services - Basic research - Model & method development - Projections production SMEs Public Stakeholders Industry Transfer Training Software Data Pilot studies Expertise TrainingNew tools and data for research Interdisciplinarity New science questions Hiring students Dedicated products Impact studies

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