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Ton Wildenborg
CO2GeoNet President
TNO – The Netherlands
Latest developments,
opportunities and challenges
for CO2 storage...
The CO2GeoNet Association
An independent European scientific voice
on CO2 geological storage
CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9...
My presentation
CCS rationale and storage concept
Demonstration of CCS
Containment and regulation
Storage potential
Costs
...
Climate mitigation
CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
Source: IEA – Energy Technology Perspectives 2015
Deep ...
CO2 storage - principal part of the CCS chain
Main geological
storage options:
Deep saline
aquifers
Depleted oil and
gas f...
6
CCS is really happening:
55 large-scale projects worldwide
Source: GCCSI, 2014
CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 –...
CO2 storage can be done in a safe and
environmentally sound manner
Proper site
characterisation
Thorough risk
management
V...
EU Regulation for assurance of safe storage
Rules for site characterisation,
permitting, risk management
and transfer of r...
Ample CO2 storage potential available in EU
Estimated 117
Gt storage
96 Gt in deep
saline aquifers
20 Gt in oil and
gas fi...
Costs of CCS are within range of
other mitigation options.
450 ppm Scenarios without CCS would
lead to an increase of the ...
Societal context
Mixed success in societal acceptance of
CCS
Storage projects in Ketzin (Germany)
and Hontomin (Spain) wer...
CCS is ready to be scaled up.
CCS
Required for deep emission cuts
Is really happening
Costs are within range of other meas...
Next steps for geological CO2 storage
Make CO2 storage more marketable and
acceptable:
Lower the costs of storage technolo...
END of PRESENTATION
(Source: GCCSI, 2014)
CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
Learning by doing: large-scale demos
CO2GeoNet Ambitions
Provide and
disseminate
integrated scientific
research results
Be the preferred
source of impartial
sc...
Key publications
State-of-Play on CO2 geological storage in 28 European
countries (June 2013)
State‐of‐the‐Art of Monitori...
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Cfcc co2geonet wildenborg_090715_v5

  1. 1. Ton Wildenborg CO2GeoNet President TNO – The Netherlands Latest developments, opportunities and challenges for CO2 storage Our Common Future under Climate Change Parallel Session 3307
  2. 2. The CO2GeoNet Association An independent European scientific voice on CO2 geological storage CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris www.co2geonet.com info@co2geonet.com
  3. 3. My presentation CCS rationale and storage concept Demonstration of CCS Containment and regulation Storage potential Costs Societal involvement Wrap-up CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  4. 4. Climate mitigation CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris Source: IEA – Energy Technology Perspectives 2015 Deep cuts in emissions cannot be realized without CCS as shown by most scenarios in the 5th IPCC Assessment.
  5. 5. CO2 storage - principal part of the CCS chain Main geological storage options: Deep saline aquifers Depleted oil and gas fields Storage while use of CO2 in enhancing oil or gas production Storage technology is available, mainly coming from oil and gas exploitation activities CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris (Courtesy: BRGM) (Courtesy BRGM)
  6. 6. 6 CCS is really happening: 55 large-scale projects worldwide Source: GCCSI, 2014 CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  7. 7. CO2 storage can be done in a safe and environmentally sound manner Proper site characterisation Thorough risk management Verification of performance Extensive modelling studies and monitoring of CO2 storage sites show that storage is safe. CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris Reservoir pressure at Ketzin pilot site (courtesy GFZ) Time slices above storage reservoir at Sleipner (courtesy BGS)
  8. 8. EU Regulation for assurance of safe storage Rules for site characterisation, permitting, risk management and transfer of responsibility 4 Guidance Documents for implementing the Directive Review of Storage Directive (2014) concluded that the current Directive is fit-for- purpose CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  9. 9. Ample CO2 storage potential available in EU Estimated 117 Gt storage 96 Gt in deep saline aquifers 20 Gt in oil and gas fields About 8 Gt to be stored by 2050 (EU Energy Roadmap ‘50) Assurance of dynamic capacities needed CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  10. 10. Costs of CCS are within range of other mitigation options. 450 ppm Scenarios without CCS would lead to an increase of the mitigation costs with more than 100% (5th IPCC Assessment). CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris Source: GCCSI, 2011
  11. 11. Societal context Mixed success in societal acceptance of CCS Storage projects in Ketzin (Germany) and Hontomin (Spain) were well received by the local population. Social researchers recommend: Have the public participate in the project development at an early stage Provide balanced unbiased information on CO2 storage and its objectives CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  12. 12. CCS is ready to be scaled up. CCS Required for deep emission cuts Is really happening Costs are within range of other measures CO2 storage Technologically feasible Safe Legal Ample potential Societal involvement requires particular attention CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  13. 13. Next steps for geological CO2 storage Make CO2 storage more marketable and acceptable: Lower the costs of storage technology Increase storage efficiency Assure storage capacity Develop storage pilots and demos in various settings Timely involve the public Integrate with bio-based technologies CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  14. 14. END of PRESENTATION
  15. 15. (Source: GCCSI, 2014) CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris Learning by doing: large-scale demos
  16. 16. CO2GeoNet Ambitions Provide and disseminate integrated scientific research results Be the preferred source of impartial scientific and technical information Contribute to the identification of knowledge gaps Foster interaction and exchange between researchers and CCS stakeholders CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris
  17. 17. Key publications State-of-Play on CO2 geological storage in 28 European countries (June 2013) State‐of‐the‐Art of Monitoring Methods to evaluate CO2 Storage Site Performance (April 2013) State‐of‐the‐Art Review of CO2 Storage Site Selection and Characterisation Methods for granting the CO2 storage site permit (September 2013) State-of-the-Art review of Directives and Regulatory Regimes related to Operational and Safety Risks (February 2014) Opportunities for CO2 storage pilots in Europe in collaboration with ZEP (October 2013) IEAGHG report “Methodologies and technologies for mitigation of undesired CO2 migration in the subsurface” CO2GeoNet newsletter CO2GeoNet ebook CFCC Parallel Session 3307, 9 July 2015 – Paris

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