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Addressing emissions from agriculture and
agriculture-driven deforestation: opportunities for
land-sparing and climate-sma...
 Emissions from deforestation in 2010 were around 8%
of anthropogenic GHG emissions (Tubiello et al.,
2015)
 Agriculture...
Reducing emissions in the forestry and
agriculture sectors: solutions
 Forest land-sparing interventions
• agricultural i...
A systematic
approach to
determine
where
emissions can
be reduced
Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in r...
Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture
emissions in the tropics: compari...
A systematic
approach to
determine
where
emissions can
be reduced
Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in r...
Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture
emissions in the tropics: compari...
Emissions from agriculture-driven
deforestation (ADD)
Area of deforestation driven by agriculture (Area)
● Or Fraction of...
Emissions from agriculture-driven
deforestation (ADD)
ADD emissions = A x ADF x EF
Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from a...
Emissions from agriculture-driven
deforestation (ADD)
Uncertainties associated with datasets include
● Measurement error
...
Emissions from agriculture-driven
deforestation (ADD)
Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from agriculture-driven
deforestati...
Conclusions
 Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation are significant
 Mitigation opportunities in the agricultur...
Thank you
www.cifor.org/gcs/
www.geo-informatie.nl
http://www.biogeosciences-
discuss.net/12/5435/2015/
bgd-12-5435-2015.p...
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Addressing emissions from agriculture and agriculture-driven deforestation: opportunities for land-sparing and climate-smart agriculture, S. Carter, M. Herold, M.C. Rufino, K. Neumann, L. Kooistra, S. de Bruin, V. Avitabile, V. de Sy, L. Verchot

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S. Carter (Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands), M. Herold (Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands), M. Rufino (CIFOR / CCAFS, Nairobi, Kenya), K. Neumann, (Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands), L. Kooistra (Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands), L. Verchot (CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia), at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

Published in: Science
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Addressing emissions from agriculture and agriculture-driven deforestation: opportunities for land-sparing and climate-smart agriculture, S. Carter, M. Herold, M.C. Rufino, K. Neumann, L. Kooistra, S. de Bruin, V. Avitabile, V. de Sy, L. Verchot

  1. 1. Addressing emissions from agriculture and agriculture-driven deforestation: opportunities for land-sparing and climate-smart agriculture 08.07.2015, CFCC, Paris S. Carter1,3, M. Herold1, M.C. Rufino2, K. Neumann1,4, L. Kooistra1, S. de Bruin1, V. Avitabile1 V. de Sy1 and L. Verchot3 (sarah.carter@wur.nl) 1 Wageningen University, Netherlands 2 CIFOR Nairobi, 3 CIFOR Indonesia, 4 Environmental Research Centre (UFZ), Germany
  2. 2.  Emissions from deforestation in 2010 were around 8% of anthropogenic GHG emissions (Tubiello et al., 2015)  Agriculture and forestry sectors account for ca. 50% of low income countries’ GHG emission budgets (IPCC 2015)  Agricultural expansion in the tropics (1980-2000) was most likely (83%) to be into forested land (Gibbs et al. 2010), and in some developing countries 100% of deforestation is driven by agriculture (Hosonuma et al. 2012) Agriculture and land use change emissions
  3. 3. Reducing emissions in the forestry and agriculture sectors: solutions  Forest land-sparing interventions • agricultural intensification • utilization of available land When combined with Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA), emissions in the agriculture sector can also be reduced Implementation through REDD+ is possible and can provide support for interventions Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture emissions in the tropics: comparing forest land-sparing options at the national level.
  4. 4. A systematic approach to determine where emissions can be reduced Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture emissions in the tropics: comparing forest land-sparing options at the national level.
  5. 5. Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture emissions in the tropics: comparing forest land-sparing options at the national level.
  6. 6. A systematic approach to determine where emissions can be reduced Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture emissions in the tropics: comparing forest land-sparing options at the national level.
  7. 7. Carter, Herold, Rufino, Neumann, Kooistra, Verchot. in review. Mitigation of agriculture emissions in the tropics: comparing forest land-sparing options at the national level. Intensification Available land Governance REDD+
  8. 8. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation (ADD) Area of deforestation driven by agriculture (Area) ● Or Fraction of deforestation driven by agriculture (ADF) x area of deforestation (A) Emission factor (EF) ADD emissions = Area x EF Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation in the tropics 1990-2015
  9. 9. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation (ADD) ADD emissions = A x ADF x EF Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from agriculture- driven deforestation in the tropics 1990-2015 FAO (FRA) 2015 FAO & JRC (Remote Sensing Survey) 2012 Kim et al., 2015 Hansen et al., 2013 Fusion of data (based on Carter et al. 2015) Baccini et al., 2012 Saatchi et al., 2011 Avitabile et al., (in prep) Hosonuma et al., 2012 de Sy et al., (in prep) de Sy et al., (in prep)
  10. 10. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation (ADD) Uncertainties associated with datasets include ● Measurement error ● Statistical sampling error ● Extrapolation error 𝒗𝒂𝒓 𝑨 𝟐 + 𝑨 𝟐 . 𝒗𝒂𝒓 𝑬𝑭 𝟐 + 𝑬𝑭 𝟐 . 𝒗𝒂𝒓 𝑨𝑫𝑭 𝟐 + 𝑨𝑭𝑫 𝟐 − 𝑨 𝟐 . 𝑬𝑭 𝟐 . 𝑨𝑭𝑫 𝟐 Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation in the tropics 1990-2015
  11. 11. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation (ADD) Carter et al. in prep. Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation in the tropics 1990-2015
  12. 12. Conclusions  Emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation are significant  Mitigation opportunities in the agriculture sector exist  Analyse land use sectors together and identify solutions ● Assess the likelihood interventions will be effective ● Estimate risks ● Assess support needs ● Implement through REDD+ ● Use CSA principles
  13. 13. Thank you www.cifor.org/gcs/ www.geo-informatie.nl http://www.biogeosciences- discuss.net/12/5435/2015/ bgd-12-5435-2015.pdf

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