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Differentiated
Instruction
Melinda Kolk
What is differentiated instruction?
When you look at
your learners and
you see this...
... & act on what you see
before, during, & after
you teach.
Differentiated instruction
is a way of thinking,
not a program.
you pay attention to AND actively
plan and modify processes for the
different learners in your
classroom.
Teaching vs. Lea...
What could be
important to know
about my students?
• as human beings
• as learners
Teaching with the child in mind.
"Yes, we have to teach content, we
have to always bear in mind that we
teach that content...
So how do we
get there?
Step 1 - See diverse learners
Step 2 - Know your learners
• as human beings
• as learners
Step 2 - Know them as human beings
A. Culture, Family, Religion, Income
• Siblings
• Language
• Experiences
Step 2 - Know them as human beings
A. Interests and Passions
• Hobbies/Sports
• Experiences
• Clothing
Step 2 - Know them as human beings
A. Personality
• Introvert or Extrovert?
• Creative or Analytical?
• Alone or Together?...
Step 3 - Know them as learners
A. Learning Environment!
• Noisy or quiet?
• Rigid or flexible schedule?
• Warm or cool roo...
Step 3 - Know them as learners
B. Learning Style
• Auditory
• Visual
• Kinesthetic
Step 3 - Know them as learners
B. Thinking Style
• Concrete Sequential
• Concrete Random
• Abstract Sequential
• Abstract ...
Step 3 - Know them as learners
• Ask
• Assessment
• Learner Profile
• inventories
• all about me
• previous & ongoing
• ex...
Hallmarks of Differentation
• Ongoing, formative assessment
• Recognition of diverse learners
• Group Work/flexible groupi...
Step 3 - Act to differentiate!
Content
Process
Product
• know big ideas - clear goals
• levels of knowing
• varied strateg...
Differentiate by...
• Readiness
• Learning style
• Interest
• educational experience
• appropriate to ind. development
• e...
Typically
• Assess
• Layered Lessons
• Grouping
• before any content is "COVERED"
• during - what is "UNCOVERED?"
• varied...
Differentiating Content
Clear Goals
• Interest Development Centers
• Varied Texts
• Accelerated Coverage of Material
• Var...
Final thoughts
Student learning is improved when:
• They think their teacher cares about them.
• They are presented with p...
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Differentiated instruction is not a single strategy or formula. It is a way of thinking about the diversity of learners in our classrooms and acting on this knowledge throughout the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating so that we can promote the deepest possible understanding for all students. This is the introductory presentation to a one-day workshop on Getting Started with Differentiated Instruction.

Read more at:
http://creativeeducator.tech4learning.com/2013/articles/Get-Started-with-Differentiated-Instruction

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An Introduction to Differentiated Instruction

  1. 1. Differentiated Instruction Melinda Kolk
  2. 2. What is differentiated instruction?
  3. 3. When you look at your learners and you see this...
  4. 4. ... & act on what you see before, during, & after you teach.
  5. 5. Differentiated instruction is a way of thinking, not a program.
  6. 6. you pay attention to AND actively plan and modify processes for the different learners in your classroom. Teaching vs. Learning Differentiated instruction is when... Students vs. Learners
  7. 7. What could be important to know about my students? • as human beings • as learners
  8. 8. Teaching with the child in mind. "Yes, we have to teach content, we have to always bear in mind that we teach that content to human beings, and not all students will understand it in the same way, at the same length of time, make the same connections, need the same support system." - Carol Ann Tomlinson
  9. 9. So how do we get there?
  10. 10. Step 1 - See diverse learners
  11. 11. Step 2 - Know your learners • as human beings • as learners
  12. 12. Step 2 - Know them as human beings A. Culture, Family, Religion, Income • Siblings • Language • Experiences
  13. 13. Step 2 - Know them as human beings A. Interests and Passions • Hobbies/Sports • Experiences • Clothing
  14. 14. Step 2 - Know them as human beings A. Personality • Introvert or Extrovert? • Creative or Analytical? • Alone or Together? • Impulsive or reflective • Conformity or Non?
  15. 15. Step 3 - Know them as learners A. Learning Environment! • Noisy or quiet? • Rigid or flexible schedule? • Warm or cool room? • Moving or still? • Distracting or bare?
  16. 16. Step 3 - Know them as learners B. Learning Style • Auditory • Visual • Kinesthetic
  17. 17. Step 3 - Know them as learners B. Thinking Style • Concrete Sequential • Concrete Random • Abstract Sequential • Abstract Random • Structure • Open-ended • Alone • Together
  18. 18. Step 3 - Know them as learners • Ask • Assessment • Learner Profile • inventories • all about me • previous & ongoing • exit slips
  19. 19. Hallmarks of Differentation • Ongoing, formative assessment • Recognition of diverse learners • Group Work/flexible grouping • Big ideas and concepts, not texts • Choice • Scaffolded instruction
  20. 20. Step 3 - Act to differentiate! Content Process Product • know big ideas - clear goals • levels of knowing • varied strategies • multiple processes • varied performances Learning environment
  21. 21. Differentiate by... • Readiness • Learning style • Interest • educational experience • appropriate to ind. development • environment • intelligence/learning style • thinking style
  22. 22. Typically • Assess • Layered Lessons • Grouping • before any content is "COVERED" • during - what is "UNCOVERED?" • varied strategies & time! • different approaches • Starts with total group! • TAPS
  23. 23. Differentiating Content Clear Goals • Interest Development Centers • Varied Texts • Accelerated Coverage of Material • Varied Supplementary Materials • Varied Graphic Organizers • Independent Study • Tiered Assignments • Compacting
  24. 24. Final thoughts Student learning is improved when: • They think their teacher cares about them. • They are presented with problems at an appropriate level.
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Differentiated instruction is not a single strategy or formula. It is a way of thinking about the diversity of learners in our classrooms and acting on this knowledge throughout the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating so that we can promote the deepest possible understanding for all students. This is the introductory presentation to a one-day workshop on Getting Started with Differentiated Instruction. Read more at: http://creativeeducator.tech4learning.com/2013/articles/Get-Started-with-Differentiated-Instruction

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