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Career and Technical Education


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Getting a Bachelor's degree is the best way for most workers to make middle-class wages. In this report, however, we show there are 29 million jobs (21% of all jobs) for workers without Bachelor's degrees. The report also details five major sub-baccalaureate, career and technical education (CTE) pathways: employer-based training, industry-based certifications, apprenticeships, postsecondary certificates, and associate's degrees.

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Career and Technical Education

  1. 1. Career And Technical Education: Five Ways That Pay Anthony P. Carnevale, Tamara Jayasundera and Andrew R. Hanson September 18, 2012
  2. 2. Overview •  As jobs that require only high school or less have disappeared, postsecondary education and training on the job and in schools have become the gateways to the middle class. •  Middle class jobs require education and training beyond high school, but less than a bachelor’s degree.
  3. 3. High School Graduate Job Outlook •  There are 29 million jobs that pay workers with a high school diploma between $35,000 and $75,000, which is still less than a Bachelor’s degree. •  Nearly 40 percent of middle-class jobs pay more than $50,000.
  4. 4. Career and Technical Education Pathways •  Education and training programs, commonly referred to as career and technical education (CTE), prepare people for middle jobs. •  There are five CTE pathways that make further education more affordable.
  5. 5. Human Capital •  The U.S. invests roughly $1.4 trillion in human capital development each year. •  $524 billion has been spent on CTE pathways on an annual basis.
  6. 6. Middle-class Jobs •  Middle-class jobs represent one out of five jobs in the American economy. •  These jobs comprise nearly half of all middle class jobs.
  7. 7. Con’t. •  11 million middle-class jobs pay $50K or more. •  4 million pay $75K or more.
  8. 8. Middle-class Job Requirements •  Although a degree isn’t necessary for all middle-class jobs, most require some postsecondary education or training.
  9. 9. Conclusion •  Career and technical education pathways must be improved to foster adequate learning and increase the wage potential of job seekers. •  Degrees, postsecondary certificates, industry-based certifications, apprenticeships, and employer-based training are five ways to excel in professional industries.
  10. 10. For more information: See the full report at:   Email Us | Follow Us on Twitter | @GeorgetownCEW Find Us on Facebook | Follow Us on LinkedIn |