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OER in Canada

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Trabalho apresentado no "Seminário em Educação Aberta, Sociedade e Tecnologia" em Maio/2016

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OER in Canada

  1. 1. OER in Canada Rory McGreal UNESCO/COL/ICDE Chair in OER March 2016
  2. 2. Some images are fair dealing/fair use
  3. 3. Click to add text x
  4. 4. Click to add text
  5. 5. Click to add text Alberta Diary
  6. 6. Click to add text
  7. 7. eMundusEuroProject MENON Network BE U of Leicester UK U. La Rioja ES Fundação de Apoio a Universidade de São Paulo - BR U Autonoma Metropolitana MX Open Educational Resources - OER Foundation NZ Athabasca U - CA Universitas Siswa Bangsa IN Moscow U Economics, Statistics & Informatics- RU
  8. 8. Bits is Bits Bits is Bits Voice Voice Data Images
  9. 9. $150 000 $1.50
  10. 10. M-Learning 移动学 习
  11. 11. Mobile Ubiquity
  12. 12. Click to add text +3 billion Internet connexions World population: 7.3 billion 40% of the world’s population http://www.soil-net.com/album/Places_Objects/slides/Globe%20Planet%20Earth%20NASA.jpg Most access Internet with Mobile devices +2.3 billion have mobile broadband 55% in developing countries 2/3 on Internet from Developing countries
  13. 13. Click to add text Mobile learning 4.5 billion mobile subscriptions 1.5 billion mobile internet users 1/3 only access internet via mobile 90% of world population is covered by cellular More time spent on Internet with Mobile than with desktops
  14. 14. 20 The first cellphone with integrated camera IT Evolution Cristóbal.Cobo
  15. 15. OPENNESS Digital convergence: TV Email Electronic book Computer Telephone Radio WWW Fax Clock Camera Handy 21 Oxygen project MIT PDA Nokia 5510 Game playerPervasive computing
  16. 16. Design for Mobile FIRST
  17. 17. Click to add text Let’s get real! • World economy is online • World economy is global • World is mobile Therefore Students should be online, global & mobile
  18. 18. Click to add text Distance Education
  19. 19. Click to add text
  20. 20. Pope Pius XII confirmed that there is no intrinsic conflict between Christianity and the theory of evolution. (1950)
  21. 21. Click to add text Creationist view of education
  22. 22. Library of Alexandria Hero
  23. 23. Click to add text Patron Saint of Distance Education St. Paul
  24. 24. Click to add text Medieval University
  25. 25. Traditional University Quality Control? Put a PhD in a classroom 把教授在课堂上
  26. 26. Click to add text Eucational Amish!
  27. 27. Tom Russel’s “NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE’” PHENOMENON • + 500 studies • regardless of the technology or media http://nosignificantdifference.org
  28. 28. Click to add text Distance Education Hampton,G., 1991
  29. 29. 2025 + 98 million new students 4 universities per week (30k students) British Council & IDP Australia The Challenge for the 21st Century 如何教育这些学生?
  30. 30. Click to add text 39
  31. 31. Click to add text OER 40*What? Why? Where? Wow?
  32. 32. Twitch = 2 jiffies or 200 milliseconds
  33. 33. Click to add text Some rights reserved Attribution ShareAlike Non-commercial No derivatives
  34. 34. Click to add text Why OER? • DRM (digital rights management) • Digital licenses
  35. 35. DRM (Digital Rights Management) You CANNOT • Copy & paste, annotate, highlight • Text to speech • Format change • Move material • Print out • Move geographically • Use after expiry date • Resell
  36. 36. • DRM restricts our freedom • Can we not own & control our own property? But our device is our PROPERTY Nielsen.com
  37. 37. Swiss-copyright.ca
  38. 38. Digital Licenses • Copy & paste, annotate, highlight • Text to speech or hyperlink • Format change • Move material to another computer • Print out • Move geographically • Use after expiry date • Resell • Prohibited to show your content to others • Must accept that you have NO rights • Owners have NO liability even if product doesn’t work • Owners can “invade” your computer without permission • Collect & use personal data • User has a “privilege” to use the product not own it
  39. 39. Openness is the skeleton key that unlocks every attempt at vendor control and lock in D. Wiley
  40. 40. Click to add text How to participate?
  41. 41. Click to add text OER Chairs Network
  42. 42. Click to add textRory McGreal Canada Fred Mulder Netherlands UNESCO Chairholders in OER Partners Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (some images fair use) Wayne Mackintosh New Zealand Tel Amiel Brazil Maria S. Ramirez Mexico Mitja Jermol Slovenia Martin Weller UK
  43. 43. Click to add textFred Mulder PhD in the study of OER Global OER Graduate Network
  44. 44. Click to add text https://oerknowledgecloud.com/
  45. 45. Click to add text
  46. 46. Click to add text Creating using & sharing OER Col.org
  47. 47. Click to add text • Massive • Open • Online • Course
  48. 48. Click to add text 2008: CCK08 Stephen Downes, George Siemens The First Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wiki/Connectivism_2008 G. Siemens 60
  49. 49. Click to add text Statement of Accomplishment “ . . . You may not use as part of any tuition- based or for-credit certification or program . .“
  50. 50. Click to add text • Learners who access OER and acquire knowledge/skills cannot have their learning assessed and accredited • OER Pathways • +30 institutions/orgs on 5 continents
  51. 51. Traditional modelTraditional model OERu model learners Friesen & Murray learners
  52. 52. 65 “Every day, computers are making people easier to use” < innovation always produces hostility among those who prosper in old paradigms> Cristóbal.Cobo 你知道一切都在变化
  53. 53. If you're not confused, you don't understand
  54. 54. The restriction of the commons by patents, copyright, and databases [right] is not in the interests of society and unduly hampers scientific endeavour.
  55. 55. Papal Encyclical “On the part of rich countries there is excessive zeal for protecting knowledge through an unduly rigid assertion of the right to intellectual property . . .” - Pope Benedict XVI
  56. 56. Papal Encyclical “On the part of rich countries there is excessive zeal for protecting knowledge through an unduly rigid assertion of the right to intellectual property . . .” - Pope Benedict XVI
  57. 57. rory@athabascau.ca

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