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Conference Panel: Good practice in supporting students disclosing sexual violence.

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Barbara Biglia (Universitat Rovira i Virgili - URV, Spain)

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Conference Panel: Good practice in supporting students disclosing sexual violence.

  1. 1. How can student disclosure being supported?: Learning form the limits of the actual practices (especially in the Catalan case) Barbara Biglia Barbara.biglia@urv.cat
  2. 2.   European framework agreement on harassment and violence at work 2007 (art. 4): “Enterprises need to have a clear statement outlining that harassment and violence will not be tolerated. This statement will specify procedures (read protocols) to be followed where cases arise”   Art. 62 of the Organic Law 3/2007 (Spain) expressly establishes the obligation for public authorities to negotiate with the legal representation of workers a protocol against sexual harassment and harassment on grounds of sex.   Protocol framework for coordinated action against gender violence (2009) - Catalonia   Protocol for the prevention, detection, action and resolution of situations of sexual harassment on grounds of sex, sexual orientation and /or gender identity in the Government Administration (2015) - Catalonia Protocolling as public policies
  3. 3.   By having a protocol the institutions acknowledge the existence of the problem of sexual violences and their responsibility on the topic   It can help to create more consciousness in the whole community (introducing the problem in the public arena)   Protocols and pathways can give a response to specific cases   They can help breaking the feeling of isolation of those who have suffered a sexual assault   They can give us some clues on how to support those who suffer SV.   It can set an example for other sectors of society   It is particularly useful in order to create a more conscious young generation in University Why does protocols could be usefull?
  4. 4.   Inclusiveness in tagging of all the form of sexual/gender violences   Feminist or gender perspective   Wide area of intervention (not just in the university facilities)   Good strategy of dissemination of its existence   Easy access to support and long term stands   Flexibility in its implementation   Well trained supported staff   Including preventive and educative measure Good practics in university protocols
  5. 5.   The procedures are frequently slow   Protocol's ability to sanction sometimes clashes with the academic hierarchy   Lack of real mechanisms of control and sanctions (sanctions through the disciplinary proceedings are not always appropriate)   Lack of budget for a good prevention   Difficulties in being known by the whole community   Difficulties in being trusted by the whole community   There can be a strong opposition of some parts of the community especially people in higher power positions   It seems universities use them to shield against possible sanctions and compensations or for legal obligations and not to make real changes What's happen with the implementation? (initial results)
  6. 6.   Legal or caring practices?   Homogenization therefore treating different violence in the same way and/or dismissing feminist critics (not recognition of gender power relation)   Supplanting the decision of people affected   De-responsibilisation: we have a protocol, nothing more is needed   Exclusion: what is not named in the protocol is not considered violences   Reducing the agency of the communities   Institutionalization and neutralisation of feminist claim Problematizing protocols
  7. 7. The needing for a wide poli�cs that overcome the limits of the ins�tu�onal framework
  8. 8. Perception/Acknowledgment Listening Taking care Accompaying ...reflecing and learning
  9. 9. ➔  Diferencia entre cuidar e infantilizar ➔  Cuidar sin juzgar ➔  Gravedad y peligro ➔  Autocuidado 3. Cuidar Recomendaciones: Ayudarla a pensar y a ordenar sus ideas Intentar que sea la propia persona quien formule posibles actuaciones. Mantener siempre una actitud auto-reflexiva para evitar justificar, minimizar, normalizar o tolerar la violencia sexual.
  10. 10. Aspectos a evitar: Criticar: mostrar reproche ante la ausencia de iniciativas, restar importancia a lo ocurrido. Emitir juicios de valor sobre su manera de comportarse, de sentir, de vestir, de relacionarse Menospreciar las necesidades, sentimientos u opiniones Decir de manera clara lo que habría que hacer, tratar con paternalismo. Exponerse a situaciones de riesgo o hacer que lo haga la persona afectada Utilizar expresiones que puedan hacer sentir a la persona afectada culpabilidad, debilidad, inutilidad y/o vergüenza. Dar la impresión de que todo se va a arreglar fácilmente y/o ofrecer soluciones “mágicas”. Transmitir tu propia angustia a la persona afectada.
  11. 11. Recordar: ➔ No somos terapeutas ➔ No somos jueces ➔ No estamos solas/solos ➔ Reconocer nuestros limites ➔ Pedir ayuda 4. Acompañar Recomendaciones: ●  Informar sobre los recursos, servicios, redes específicas y cómo acceder a ellos. ●  Comentar a la persona que, en caso de que en un futuro decida interponer denuncia es importante que preserve las posibles pruebas ●  Potenciar la red de apoyo y buscar personas aliadas sensibilizadas. No actuar como salvadoras o cargarse con la responsabilidad de resolver la situación en primera persona y sin la intervención de otras/os.
  12. 12. Acompañar...¿a qué? Violación o daño físico Sugerir la posibilidad de ir a urgencias acompañada de una persona de confianza Voluntad de denunciar Comentar las diferentes opciones internas (si las hay) o externas. Mencionar la existencia de los servicios de atención jurídica. Recordar la importancia de conservar pruebas. Confusión y muchas dudas Mencionar la importancia de compartir con personas de confianza y ofrecer referencias de sitios donde se le puede ofrecer un acompañamiento especializado Peligro iminente Considerar la opción de hacer una denuncia o acompañarla a los servicios de atención urgente Violencia comunitaria en la uni o posibilidad de reincidencia Pedir permiso para trabajar sobre la cuestión sin mencionar a ninguna persona en específico …...
  13. 13. The USVreact Project (JUST/2014/RDAP/AG/VICT/7401) is co-funded by the European Commission, its publications and communications reflect the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use made of the information contained therein .

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