COL and Radio To reduce digital divide Local participatory approach to knowledge and skill development Empower communities through technology training and programme development skills
COLME FM Radio with low power transmitter Use of solar power to run station Use of HAM radio Radio in a Box
Radio: for whom, for what and how? UGANDA – Used solar powered FM station reaching 1 million Luo speakers; Daily programmes concerning health, gender, agriculture; Health-based information that has led to the HIV/AIDS prevention in the community. PAPUA NEW GUINEA – FM radio used by Govt. to reach primary and secondary students in remote locality
Radio: for whom, for what and how? SOUTH AFRICA – Secondary school FM radio station that reaches the town of Manguzi in Kwazulu Natal (estimated population of 200,000) SRI LANKA – Portable FM radio station utilised in primary and secondary schools in Southern Sri Lanka. – Two hundred students trained in the value of radio and community development by SLBC.
Ham Radio facilitated agricultural education and community development through provision of free exchange of communications between five farming communities and scientists from two agricultural research stations in Tamil Nadu, India.
Community Radio Movement 1995 Supreme Court: airwaves constitute public property and must be utilized for advancing public good 2003 MIB Guidelines 2006 MIB Guidelines (Revised) 141 CR station (as of 15/11/2012); 187 GOPA signed IGNOU Gyan Vani FM stations
What Research Shows Majority of studies report that achievement of the target group increased as a result of radio programme Learners are interested in radio programmes, if the timing is suitable Radio programmes in story and drama formats are received well, though talks and quiz-based programmes are also useful Students also appreciate interactivity in radio through phone-in Source: Mishra, 2005
Lessons Learnt: Pedagogy Radio to be an integral part of the curriculum Broadcast time suitable for the target group Use innovative formats; but also use story and drama Use radio for more factual information Use radio vision, for subjects that require illustrations
Lessons Learnt: Technology Radio station systems require easy plug in and out leads so that soldering of wires is avoided Dual microphone systems for discussion groups are important for community radio systems Solar systems are effective only if the proper maintenance scheme is completed Issues to do with lightening strikes are a constant threat to station transmitters and proper training and maintenance must be in effect. A maintenance scheme should be drawn up and ensured that the technician carries it out and reports to the radio station manager
Lessons Learnt: Policy and Practice Enabling policy environment important Understanding sustainability issues as well as not-for-profit Community engagement both in management and programming Ethical practice and Self-regulatory mechanism Quality improvement needed
CEMCA and Radio Organized over 30 CR Awareness workshops on behalf of MIB since 2007 Community women broadcasters training (25 CRS) Community based learning programme on health (two-CRS) Content development – Science for Women – supported by DST(30 CRS)
CEMCA’s Strategy (2012-15) Develop an ODL programme for CR Technicians as Open Educational Resource Develop Quality Assurance framework/toolkit for CRS Capacity building for grassroots women broadcasters Building sustainable CR models Content exchange through web platforms Promote Web Radio for academic institutions