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Open Educational Resources: Policy, Technology and Practices


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2012/10/10: Open Educational Resources: Policy, Technology and Practices, Presentation by Sanjaya Mishra at the Training programme for the Faculty of Bangladesh Open University organized by the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), NOIDA.
Also presented at the Technical Workshop on Virtual Open Schooling on 11/02/2013.

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Open Educational Resources: Policy, Technology and Practices

  1. 1. Commonwealth EducationalMedia Centre for AsiaOpen EducationalResourcesPolicy, Technology and Practice
  2. 2. Definition teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work
  3. 3. History and Developments MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001 UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries, 2002 OLI-CMU, 2002 OER Paris Declaration 2012 COMOSA OER Policy
  4. 4. What is “Open”? It’s about open license used to share educational material Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute No permission required as long as the open license is respected
  5. 5. Benefits of OER Promote lifelong learning Contribute to social inclusion, gender equity and education for the special needs Improve cost-efficiency and quality of teaching and learning
  6. 6. Major issues Understanding open license Developing OER OER Policy development
  7. 7. Open LicensesCreative Commons Concepts CC-BY  Attribution CC-BY-SA  Share Alike CC-BY-NC  Non-Commercial CC-BY-NC-SA  Non-Derivative CC-BY-ND CC-BY-NC-ND
  8. 8. Technology and Platforms Wikipedia, Wikieducator, Wikivarsity Wikispaces, etc. Connexions MIT OpenCourseware OLI-CMU FlexiLearn OpenLearn
  9. 9. Searching OER Activity to search OER – Search one video on OER under CC license – Search a course in OER on a subject of your interest
  10. 10. Wiki-approach to contentdevelopment and teaching Meaning quick, quick is a Hawaiian word, coined by Ward Cunningham in 2005 Popular example is Wikipedia User can edit the pages History of the page created can be checked and reverted back Courses are open to all Provides a collaborative learning platform to the learners
  11. 11. OER Use Case Study 1• Open Education, 2007• David Wiley taught a 3 credit course using Wiki• Used weekly reading and blogging• Assignments and grading• Over 50 learners took this course
  12. 12. OER use Case Study 2• SLM Development, 2008• Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self-learning materials• Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup• Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki• Learning contract, certification, online activities, visible outputs
  13. 13. OER use Case Study 3• Bangladesh Open School, SLM Training• F2F and Online training• Development of Units• Collaborative course Development
  14. 14. Wiki in Course Development MediaWiki Server can be configured to have two iteration of the same course content One for the Course Team, and the other for learners access Course Team member work to prepare the materials that may require content expertise, media expertise (graphics, audio, video, animation), interaction expertise, and instructional design expertise Quality benchmarks can be developed to see that the material has reached certain level of maturity, and can be transported to the open access platform for the learners use
  15. 15. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Updating and revision of courses become easy Learner participation in course, and their engagement will improve Some of the user generated content may be useful in revision Courses will become live and dynamic rather than static and outdated Quality of the course would improve as it will adhere to copyright regulations (as it will be open) Open content licensing policy can be adopted Courses can be developed fast using OER
  16. 16. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Print copies can be developed automatically using PediaPress PDF server Print-on-demand facility can be used Less paper use, and digital preservation of content with each editing recored Resources other than main text can also be integrated including Slideshare, YouTube, MindMap, Google Calender, etc. Online quiz, and self-assessment activities can be in- built within the learning material Discussion Forum can be built around lessons
  17. 17. Myths about Wikis Wikis are not reliable Anyone can edit wiki pages Using Wiki will make courses constructivist Wiki Courses does not need management Wikis promote plagiarism
  18. 18. Any one can teach WikiEducator Demonstration and practice Creating user page Cheat Sheet
  19. 19. THANK YOU