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Open Educational Resources and eLearning


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Presentation at the Central University, Hyderabad on 19 December 2012 during the National Seminar cum workshop on ICT based Learning in Higher education

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Open Educational Resources and eLearning

  1. 1. Commonwealth EducationalMedia Centre for AsiaOpen EducationalResources andeLearningIndian ExperiencesSanjaya MishraDirector, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia
  2. 2. Structure of the Presentation• Contexts• Personal Experiences• Challenges• Possibilities and Future
  3. 3. Enabling Environment National IT Task-Force Recommendation (1998) National Mission on Education through ICT (2009)
  4. 4. eLearning Scenario  NetVarsity, 1996  IGNOU, 1999  Tamil Virtual University, 2000  IIM, Bangalore 2002/3  NPTEL, 2007  NMEICT, 2009
  5. 5. R & D for Online Learning Instructional design model for Web environment A generic model of ID – ERIC that can be applied to online learning
  6. 6. OER-based eLearning Online programme on eLearning Intensive with F2F component for skill training Covers instructional design theory and practice Total online course development experience, with mentoring OER-based content reviewed by experts
  7. 7. Open Educational Resources teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work
  8. 8. History and Developments MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001 UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries, 2002 OLI-CMU, 2002 OER Paris Declaration 2012
  9. 9. What is “Open”? It’s about open license used to share educational material Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute No permission required as long as the open license is respected
  10. 10. OER use Case Study 1• SLM Development, 2008• Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self-learning materials• Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup• Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki• Learning contract, certification, o nline activities, visible outputs
  11. 11. OER use Case Study 2• Bangladesh Open School, SLM Training• F2F and Online training• Development of Units• Collaborative course Development
  12. 12. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Updating and revision of courses become easy Learner participation in course, and their engagement will improve Some of the user generated content may be useful in revision Courses will become live and dynamic rather than static and outdated Quality of the course would improve as it will adhere to copyright regulations (as it will be open) Open content licensing policy can be adopted Courses can be developed fast using OER
  13. 13. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Print copies can be developed automatically using PediaPress PDF server Print-on-demand facility can be used Less paper use, and digital preservation of content with each editing recorded Resources other than main text can also be integrated including Slideshare, YouTube, MindMap, Google Calender, etc. Online quiz, and self-assessment activities can be in- built within the learning material Discussion Forum can be built around lessons
  14. 14. Integrating LMS and Wiki Use wiki to develop open courses Educational transaction happen within Learning Management System Integrate multiple media to provide multi- channel learning Learning as service, content as product, certification as quality assurance
  15. 15. Challenges Growing demands for higher education Assuring Quality of mass individualized instruction Capacity building of teachers Meeting the needs of NEW learner (digital natives) Reducing Digital Divide by NKN Oral content to Digital Content creation Rethinking Assessment and evaluation
  16. 16. Possibilities and Future Bandwidth problem reduced… IP6 and Internet 2 coming up Teacher Empowerment by Read-Write Web Culture of sharing and transparency Collaborative Learning, Mastery Learning, Just in Time Learning possible Increased quality of educational transaction Value for money – for the students, for the parents and for the Govt.
  17. 17. CEMCA’s engagement Developing a course on OER-based eLearning to promote capacity building of teachers Promoting the concept of Virtual Open Schooling Encouraging integration of ICT in teacher education Developing vocational courses on need-based areas for release as OER Offering scholarships to women teachers to study eLearning
  18. 18. THANK YOU