Open Access and Open Educational Resoruces

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Presentation on August 7, 2013 at STRIDE, IGNOU for the students of Post Graduate Diploma in eLearning. Uses some slides from previous presentations.

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Open Access and Open Educational Resoruces

  1. 1. Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia Open Access and Open Educational Resources Sanjaya Mishra 7 August 2013
  2. 2. Higher Education System Inputs Processes Outputs - Teaching - Learning - Research - Administration - Community living - Community engagement - Students - Teachers - Researchers - Staff - Infrastructure - Library - Laboratory - Finance - Regulation - Employable graduates - Research publications/ New Knowledge - Teaching and Learning Resources - Contribution to Society
  3. 3. The Business of Knowledge Knowledge generation Knowledge dissemination Knowledge acquisition Knowledge certification
  4. 4. Research Communication
  5. 5. Some Problems in the HE Systems  Exponential growth of knowledge  Access to quality teaching and learning resources (textbooks)  Access to technology  Access to information and opportunities
  6. 6. OA and OER Open Access Open Educational Resources
  7. 7. OA and OER: Historical perspective  Open Access – Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) – Berlin Declaration (2003) – Bethesda Statement (2003) – Many declarations…  Open Educational Resources – MIT OpenCourseware (2001) – OER term coined at UNESCO (2002) – OER Paris Declaration 2012
  8. 8. Definitions  Open Access: is the provision of free access to peer-reviewed, scholarly and research information to all. It envisages that the rights holder grants worldwide irrevocable right of access to copy, use, distribute, transmit, and make derivative works in any format for any lawful activities with proper attribution to the original author.  Open Educational Resources: teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work
  9. 9. OA and OER: Four Dimensions Free PermanentOpen Online
  10. 10. Legal View of OA and OER
  11. 11. Benefits of OER and OA  Promote lifelong learning  Contribute to social inclusion, gender equity and education for the special needs  Improve cost-efficiency and quality of teaching and learning  Increased access to peer-reviewed publications  Greater visibility and citation of research works  Overall individual and institutional reputation
  12. 12. What is “Open”?  It’s about open license used to share educational material  Reuse  Revise  Remix  Redistribute  No permission required as long as the open license is respected
  13. 13. Open Licenses Creative Commons  CC-BY  CC-BY-SA  CC-BY-NC  CC-BY-NC-SA  CC-BY-ND  CC-BY-NC-ND Concepts  Attribution  Share Alike  Non-Commercial  Non-Derivative
  14. 14. OA and OER: Technology and Platforms  OER – Wikipedia, WikiEducator, Wikivarsity – Wikispaces, etc. – Connexions, MIT OpenCourseware, OLI- CMU, FlexiLearn, OpenLearn – Directory of OER  OA – DOAJ, DOAB – GOAP – Directory of OA Repositories – Dspace/eprints/Greenstone – Mega OA journals, private publishers – Green and Gold OA – Social networking approach to OA: ResearchGate, Mandeley, Academia.edu
  15. 15. OER Use Case Study 1 • Open Education, 2007 • David Wiley taught a 3 credit course using Wiki • Used weekly reading and blogging • Assignments and grading • Over 50 learners took this course
  16. 16. OER use Case Study 2 • SLM Development, 2008 • Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self- learning materials • Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup • Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki • Learning contract, certification, online activities, visible outputs
  17. 17. OER use Case Study 3 • Bangladesh Open School, SLM Training • F2F and Online training • Development of Units • Collaborative course Development
  18. 18. OA Developments  Gold open Access (9947OA journals, 1162516 articles in DOAJ)  Green Open Access (2353 repositories)  Platinum Open Access (Social networking approach) – Mendeley, Research Gate, Academia.edu etc.  67% of Journals permit some form of self-archiving
  19. 19. Role of COL and CEMCA  COL is the foremost international agency to have adopted OER policy  COL-UNESCO organised the World OER Congress  COL Publishes large number of resources on OER  CEMCA has developed quality guidelines for OER  CEMCA has developed an institutional OER policy template  CEMCA is developing a course on OER-based eLearning  CEMCA is developing Self-Directed Learning Materials of Open Access for Librarians and Researchers Advocacy Policy Capacity Materials
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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