Quality in Open Educational Resources in the Indian Context
Quality in Open Educational Resources in the Indian ContextUma KanjilalIndira Gandhi National Open University
http://www.egyankosh.ac.inJourney to OER started withdigitisation and repository building Over 95% of the self-instructional print material of the University covering more than 2300 courses available More 2500 video programmes available on YouTube with the metadata link in the repository More than 1,67, 593 registered users and visits per day around 1000 from all over the world
Webcasting of Broadcast channels GyanDarshan and Gyan VaniIGNOU is the first Open University in theworld to adopt OER Policy CC- BY-NC-SAlicense with Board of ManagementApproval
http://www.ignouflexilearn.ac.in/ First MOOC (Massive Online Open Course) portal in the country with crowdsourcing philosophy Open Course Portal for Course wise registration and assessment with modular approach for earning course credits for a certificate, diploma or degree
• More than 900 courses available with 63699 registered users.• E-portfolio for a formal record of all formal and informal studies carried out by the registered learner
Virtual Classrooms27 online programmes- all processes online right fromregistration to certification with the following features: Walk in admission Integrated multimedia courseware (personalized learning space ) Online counseling and mentoring (web conferencing, text based chatting) Assignment Management System E-tutor based practical Group based online seminar Online Project platform Online Term End Examination (proctored)
IGNOU Adopts OER Policy IGNOU envisions to be a leading developer of OERs with the use of its own as well as other OERs fully incorporated into teaching and learning at all levels within the University system The policy is adopted to guide the promotion, development and usage of OERs and to further ensure that the highest standards of education are achieved thereof.
Purpose of the OER Policy Make materials available under open license Support voluntary participation of Faculty and others in developing OER content Clarify publication rights and licensing issues Provide guidance in development and review of OER materials prior to sharing them on a worldwide scale Define collaborations within and without the university with the intent to allow access to the open content.
Licenses for IGNOU OER Repository In general all IP and the outputs and outcomes arising from that IP will be owned by the creator whereas IGNOU will derive benefits from the outcomes. All materials released on the IGNOU OER Repository site will be covered under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 India (CC BY-NC-SA)
Other Initiatives in the Country National Mission on Education through ICT- NPTEL, e- Pathsala , CEC, IGNOU (all commissioned projects), virtual labs, OSCAR, Talk to a Teacher Content developed based on four quadrant approach Quality assurance through peer reviewing by PRSG 50 DTH channels for Education – massive content requirement to feed these channels.
Issues on development, use and re-use ofOERs Quantity Vs. Quality Relevance or fitness for use Cost factors
QUALITY PARAMETERS FOR OER Usability (Technical/Legal): Can the resource be used? Is it dependent on particular platforms/networks/tools or can it be used by anyone? Authenticity: Is the information accurate, uptodate? Pedagogic value: Is it appropriate for self directed learning? Can it be incorporated into learning activities? Does it meet a teaching need.
OER Development Life Cycle – from Faculty/ Developer Perspective Find – discoverability, metadata standards(LRMI), federating. Share Find Remix, Adapt, Localise- contextualisation, cost factor. Create - usability, sustainability, accessibilityLicense Remix, Adapt, Localise and effectiveness. License – appropriate licensing. Create Share – re-use (is there any value addition?), evidence of use and re-use
Concluding Remarks Urgent need for guidelines and indicators for quality assurance user-friendly tools to locate and retrieve OER- standard metadata requirement Formats and Interoperability Contextualizing and mapping to curriculum – implications for teaching/ learning and new methods of assessment and accreditation QA based toolkit integrated in the OER platform