Sanjaya Mishra, PhD                                      Director                                           1Commonwealth ...
The Context:Scholarly Communication                          2
What is the Problem? Exponential growth of    knowledge?   Business of knowledge    and value creation?   Internet enab...
History of Open Access                   Budapest Open Access                    Initiative (2002)                   Ber...
Open AccessOpen Access is the provision of freeaccess to peer-reviewed, scholarlyand research information to all. Itenvisa...
Open Access: Four Dimensions                   Free          Online          Open     Permanent                           ...
Open Access: Knowledge Map Technology drivers National R&D systems Institutional frameworks Communities of  researcher...
Types of Open Access: A matrix
Types of Information: Copyright and Payment             Free                           Many web-                          ...
Types of Information: Permission and Payment             Free                                               Information in...
Universe of Knowledge: Position of Open Access                                           11
Foundations of Open Access • Freedom (as in free of cost    and free speech) • Flexibility ( choice of    licensing mechan...
The Philosophy of Open Access                                13
Open Access and Universal Access •   Universal access to     information and knowledge is     the goal •   Barriers to Uni...
Open Access Initiatives                          15
Open Access Statistics Gold open Access (8115 OA journals in DOAJ) Green Open Access (2211 repositories) Platinum Open ...
Open Access Systems Open Access Journal Software, eg. OJS of PKP Open Access repository software (many, but most  predom...
What each one of Us can do? Promote OA journals and repositories Ask our institutions to create OA repositories Publish...
Questions/Comments Thank you very much for your attention.                                            19
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Improving Open Access to Information and Knowledge

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2012/09/14: Improving Open Access to Information and Knowledge, presentation by Sanjaya Mishra to the students of Post-Graduate Diploma in eLearning (PGDEL) at Staff Training and Research Institute of Distance Education (STRIDE), IGNOU

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Improving Open Access to Information and Knowledge

  1. 1. Sanjaya Mishra, PhD Director 1Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia
  2. 2. The Context:Scholarly Communication 2
  3. 3. What is the Problem? Exponential growth of knowledge? Business of knowledge and value creation? Internet enabled infrastructure? Access to technology? Access to information? 3
  4. 4. History of Open Access  Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002)  Berlin Declaration (2003)  Bethesda Statement (2003)  Many declarations… 4
  5. 5. Open AccessOpen Access is the provision of freeaccess to peer-reviewed, scholarlyand research information to all. Itenvisages that the rights holdergrants worldwide irrevocable right ofaccess to copy, use, distribute,transmit, and make derivative worksin any format for any lawful activitieswith proper attribution to the originalauthor. 5
  6. 6. Open Access: Four Dimensions Free Online Open Permanent 6
  7. 7. Open Access: Knowledge Map Technology drivers National R&D systems Institutional frameworks Communities of researchers Societal expectations 7
  8. 8. Types of Open Access: A matrix
  9. 9. Types of Information: Copyright and Payment Free Many web- based Mostly information information produced by Govt. and released online Books that have Payment-based Printed Books available from expired copyright commercial and made publishers available by commercial publishers Copyright Public Domain 9
  10. 10. Types of Information: Permission and Payment Free Information in the Payment-based Copyrighted information public domain Permission Permission not required for reuse required for reuse 10
  11. 11. Universe of Knowledge: Position of Open Access 11
  12. 12. Foundations of Open Access • Freedom (as in free of cost and free speech) • Flexibility ( choice of licensing mechanisms) • Fairness ( to authors, funding bodies and society)
  13. 13. The Philosophy of Open Access 13
  14. 14. Open Access and Universal Access • Universal access to information and knowledge is the goal • Barriers to Universal Access: censorship, language, accessibility, and connectivity (Perter Suber) • Open Access is a sub-set of Universal Access
  15. 15. Open Access Initiatives 15
  16. 16. Open Access Statistics Gold open Access (8115 OA journals in DOAJ) Green Open Access (2211 repositories) Platinum Open Access (Social networking approach) – Mendeley, Research Gate, Academia.edu etc. 67% of Journals permit some form of self-archiving 16
  17. 17. Open Access Systems Open Access Journal Software, eg. OJS of PKP Open Access repository software (many, but most predominant are Dspace, Eprints, Fedora) Easy to manage and run these systems Indian Journal of Open Learning is hosted using OJS 17
  18. 18. What each one of Us can do? Promote OA journals and repositories Ask our institutions to create OA repositories Publish in OA journals Submit our papers to OA repositories, especially institutional repositories (if your institution does not have a repository, you can still submit at Encourage institutions to adopt OA policies Encourage setting up of OA funds Promote quality of OA journals 18
  19. 19. Questions/Comments Thank you very much for your attention. 19

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