Commonwealth EducationalMedia Centre for AsiaICT integratedEducation and ResearchSanjaya Mishra
It all depends on Teachers…Media are mere vehicles that deliverinstruction but do not influence studentachievement any more than the truck thatdelivers our groceries causes changes in ournutrition-- Richard Clark, 1983
No… Media and methods are inseparable. Instructional design to integrate media is important.-- Robert Kozma, 1994
Maybe… but, Children require little or no inputs from teachers and can learn on their own by the process of exploration, discovery and peer coaching within a technology-enabled learning environment-- Sugata Mitra
Then… Compare “like with like”-- Jack Koumi, 1994
In reality… Education is context-based; One size fits all does not work; Its about Design and not Brand; You may like to ask some questions …
Questions that we should ask? What is my context? Why to I need to use technology? What is the appropriate technology? How can I improve educational transactions using technology? What preparations do I need to use technology effectively? Do I have the skills and knowledge to use technology, and from where I can update myself?
What Questions are normally asked? Do ICTs impact student learning outcomes? Is there impact beyond curriculum? Does it improve classroom practices and teacher skills?
How questions are addressed?• Opinion and Attitude Studies• Effectiveness and Impact Studies• Descriptive and Policy Studies• Quantitative Trends Analysis• Evaluative Studies• Multi-disciplinary approaches
What are the results?• Mixed (from no significant to significant to negative impact)• Recent Meta-analysis of studies show “better results with technology”• Still it depends on the “context” – my students, my schools, and my ways to teaching
Changing Focus• Mediated environment, using programmed texts• Independent learning using specially prepared materials in print, audio, video, multimedia• More engaged and interactive learning due to affordances of technologies Programme Resource- Self-Learning Learning based Learning
In summary• Asking the right questions will help get right answer• As digital information literacy improves, questions will move from experiments to improving the contexts and environments• How to optimize student learning in networked environment is the key• A-Z Learning is all about LEARNING per se; therefore, put IT before IT.