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Developing Culture of Sharing Educational Resources


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Presentation by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra at the Intel Educators Academy on 24 April 2013 organized by the Learning Links Foundation for the National ICT Awardee Teachers

Published in: Education, Technology

Developing Culture of Sharing Educational Resources

  1. 1. Commonwealth EducationalMedia Centre for AsiaDeveloping Culture ofSharing EducationalResourcesPhilosophy, Technology and Practice
  2. 2. A Childhood riddle…What is it that does notget reduced after sharingwith someone else?KNOWLEDGE
  3. 3. Role of TeachersWhat teachers do?– Explain– Interpret– Guide– Share– Write– Counselling– Assessing– Facilitate– Any other? What you do?
  4. 4. Meaning of Terms Author/Creator: is the originator of any writtenwork Copyright: exclusive right given by law to theauthor/creator of a work What can be copyrighted? – Any work which isnot an exact copy of someone else’s work Can ideas be copyrighted? No… only expressionof ideas are copyrighted... Can copyright be transferred? Yes, an author canassign copyright to another person, as in thecase of property
  5. 5. Knowledge Commons Who owns knowledge? Researcher stands on the shoulder of giants Previous research is necessary for newresearch Knowledge is Free – Information is not. Data Information Knowledge
  6. 6. Knowledge Resources Formats Books Periodicals A/V Media Online Web Resources– Text– Audio– Video– Graphics– AnimationLearningObjects
  7. 7. History and Developments MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001 UNESCO Forum on the Impact of OpenCourseware for Higher Education inDeveloping Countries, 2002 OLI-CMU, 2002 OER Paris Declaration 2012
  8. 8. OER: Definition teaching, learning and research materials inany medium, digital or otherwise, that residein the public domain or have been releasedunder an open license that permits no-costaccess, use, adaptation and redistribution byothers with no or limited restrictions. Openlicensing is built within the existingframework of intellectual property rights asdefined by relevant international conventionsand respects the authorship of the work
  9. 9. What is “Open”? It’s about open license used to shareeducational material Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute No permission required as long as the openlicense is respected
  10. 10. Open LicensesCreative Commons CC-BY CC-BY-SA CC-BY-NC CC-BY-NC-SA CC-BY-ND CC-BY-NC-NDConcepts Attribution Share Alike Non-Commercial Non-Derivative
  11. 11. Technology and Platforms Wikipedia, Wikieducator, Wikivarsity Wikispaces, etc. Connexions MIT OpenCourseware OLI-CMU FlexiLearn OpenLearn OER Commons
  12. 12. Major issues Understanding open license Developing OER Finding and using OER
  13. 13. Searching OER Activity to search OER– Search one video on OER under CC license– Search a course in OER on a subject of yourinterest
  14. 14. Wiki-approach to contentdevelopment and teaching Meaning quick, quick is a Hawaiianword, coined by Ward Cunningham in 2005 Popular example is Wikipedia User can edit the pages History of the page created can be checkedand reverted back Courses are open to all Provides a collaborative learning platform tothe learners
  15. 15. OER Use Case Study 1• Open Education, 2007• David Wiley taught a3 credit course usingWiki• Used weekly readingand blogging• Assignments andgrading• Over 50 learners tookthis course
  16. 16. OER use Case Study 2• SLM Development, 2008• Sanjaya Mishra trained20 individuals to writeself-learning materials• Used weekly reading andGoogleGroup• Wiki-based Tasks todevelop SLM using wiki• Learning contract,certification, onlineactivities, visible outputs
  17. 17. OER use Case Study 3• Bangladesh OpenSchool, SLM Training• F2F and Onlinetraining• Development of Units• Collaborative courseDevelopment
  18. 18. Wiki in Course Development MediaWiki Server can be configured to have twoiteration of the same course content One for the Course Team, and the other for learnersaccess Course Team member work to prepare the materials thatmay require content expertise, media expertise(graphics, audio, video, animation), interactionexpertise, and instructional design expertise Quality benchmarks can be developed to see that thematerial has reached certain level of maturity, and canbe transported to the open access platform for thelearners use
  19. 19. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Updating and revision of courses become easy Learner participation in course, and their engagementwill improve Some of the user generated content may be useful inrevision Courses will become live and dynamic rather than staticand outdated Quality of the course would improve as it will adhere tocopyright regulations (as it will be open) Open content licensing policy can be adopted Courses can be developed fast using OER
  20. 20. Advantages of Wiki-based OER Print copies can be developed automatically usingPediaPress PDF server Print-on-demand facility can be used Less paper use, and digital preservation of content witheach editing recored Resources other than main text can also be integratedincluding Slideshare, YouTube, MindMap, GoogleCalender, etc. Online quiz, and self-assessment activities can be in-built within the learning material Discussion Forum can be built around lessons
  21. 21. Myths about Wikis Wikis are not reliable Anyone can edit wiki pages Using Wiki will make courses constructivist Wiki Courses does not need management Wikis promote plagiarism
  22. 22. Any one can teach WikiEducator– Registered users: 63,021– Pages: 124,450– Content pages: 20,062 Create user page and start contributing
  23. 23. THANK YOU