Providing PRTR guidance and reporting tools for international agreements on          chemical substances                  ...
CONTENTS                                         21. Overview of Kiev Protocol and relevantinternational conventions for a...
PRTR Initiatives Map
RETC: una iniciativa mundial
Overview Kiev Protocol and relevant                           6International Conventions to PRTR The PRTR Protocol was ado...
PRTRs – REGIONAL APPROACHES                                         7 • European PRTR (E-PRTR): one system gathering data ...
PRTR Initiatives Map
Overview Kiev Protocol and relevant          9International Conventions to PRTR (part 2)
PRTR Compliance with International Conventions       10       Chemical Specific Environmental Conventions
PRTR Compliance with International Conventions         11        Climate Change Convention and Kyoto Protocol
Conventions on POP (Persistant Organic Pollutants) and ODS (Ozone                                                         ...
I AM…
Two-Track Approach   14
(for instance) PRTR as a tool to POP                        15 reporting to the Stockholm conventionUpdating of inventorie...
16
17
18
19
ESTABLISHING TRENDS IN POPs RELEASES OVER TIME                                       Updating of the inventory (for a part...
Cooperation opportunities with   21Central America
Accomplishments in Central America   22for a regional PRTR
Importance on the comparability of PRTRs in   23an international perspective and advancesUNITAR PRTR Guidance In the comin...
Using PRTR data at diferent levels:                                 Chemical                                  Specific,   ...
Pollutants realeses and transfers                                                                                         ...
UNITAR six steps methodology       National         Infrastructure                                          Design of the ...
Thank You for your Attention       Luis R. Sánchez-Cataño     sanchezcatano@gmail.com     luis.sanchez@cinam.org.mx
Luis Sánchez Cataño: Providing PRTR guidance and reporting tools for international agreements on chemical substances
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  • Regional approaches are fed by national PRTRs within specific regions…
  • Luis Sánchez Cataño: Providing PRTR guidance and reporting tools for international agreements on chemical substances

    1. 1. Providing PRTR guidance and reporting tools for international agreements on chemical substances October 2012
    2. 2. CONTENTS 21. Overview of Kiev Protocol and relevantinternational conventions for a national PRTR2. Optional systems of a PRTR (Kiev ProtocolGuidance)3. PRTR as a tool to report POP and otherchemical specific international agreements(including mercury) - relevant outcomes of theUNEP-GEF-UNITAR project on POP reportingthrough national PRTR systems4. Accomplishments in Central America for aregional PRTR & opportunities with the NAFTAregion5. Importance on the comparability of PRTRs inan international perspective - UNITAR PRTRGuidance
    3. 3. PRTR Initiatives Map
    4. 4. RETC: una iniciativa mundial
    5. 5. Overview Kiev Protocol and relevant 6International Conventions to PRTR The PRTR Protocol was adopted at an extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention, in the framework of the fifth -“Environment -for- Europe” Ministerial- Conference held in Kiev. It was signed by 36 countries and the European Community. The objective of this Protocol is to enhance public access to information through the establishment of coherent, integrated, nationwide pollutant release and transfer registers (PRTRs) in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol, which could facilitate public participation in environmental decision-making as well as contribute to the prevention and reduction of pollution of the environment.
    6. 6. PRTRs – REGIONAL APPROACHES 7 • European PRTR (E-PRTR): one system gathering data from European Member States and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. • North American PRTR: integrated data of Canada, Mexico and USA, coordinated by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) • Kiev Protocol on PRTR: under the framework of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) adopted by the meeting of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention in 2003 in Kiev • CCAD
    7. 7. PRTR Initiatives Map
    8. 8. Overview Kiev Protocol and relevant 9International Conventions to PRTR (part 2)
    9. 9. PRTR Compliance with International Conventions 10 Chemical Specific Environmental Conventions
    10. 10. PRTR Compliance with International Conventions 11 Climate Change Convention and Kyoto Protocol
    11. 11. Conventions on POP (Persistant Organic Pollutants) and ODS (Ozone 12Depleting Substances)
    12. 12. I AM…
    13. 13. Two-Track Approach 14
    14. 14. (for instance) PRTR as a tool to POP 15 reporting to the Stockholm conventionUpdating of inventories is required byArticles 5, 7 and 15 Subject to the provisions of Article 5 and Annex C of the Stockholm Convention, Parties are required to:  Identify, characterize, quantify and prioritize sources of releases of Annex C chemicals (PCDD/PCDF, PCB, HCB, PeCB)  Develop strategies with measures, timelines and goals to minimize these releases (action plans under the NIP) considering the Guidelines on BAT&BEP  Evaluate effectiveness of these strategies and report such reviews in reports submitted pursuant to Article 15
    15. 15. 16
    16. 16. 17
    17. 17. 18
    18. 18. 19
    19. 19. ESTABLISHING TRENDS IN POPs RELEASES OVER TIME Updating of the inventory (for a particular reference year) 1. Examine initial/ 2. Review changes in 3. Compute releases previous inventory data as compared with initial/ previousFACTORS inventoryINFLUENCING Identify the • Check for factors • If sources areCHANGES IN approach: influencing changes reclassified and/or EF • Classification of in releases over time have been revised:RELEASES OVER sources and EF used assign new EF • Check for accordinglyTIME, e.g.: • Information sources revised/new Toolkit • If source• on activity rates EF • Reclassify sources classificationEconomic/demograph • Assumptions and according to the unchanged: use the present situation same EFic growth expert judgment applied to fill the• Changes in gaps • Establish activity • Multiply EF with new rates for the activity ratestechnology e.g. reference yearphasing in BAT&BEP•Building, reconstructi FACTORS TRIGGERING THE NEEDon, or close down of TO REVISE INITIAL/PREVIOUSproduction facilities INVENTORIES, e.g.: •Toolkit EF have been changed or new EF• Substitution of fuels addedand/or raw material •Approach has been changed (e.g.• Introduction or assumptions/expert judgment)reconstruction of •Activities/sources:  were not identified in theabatement techniques baseline  were incorrectly classified Revision of the initial/previous 1. Correct and/or adjust inventory inventory initial/previous CONSISTENT • Include missing information/ fill gaps TIME TRENDS •Use the revised set of EF for computing releases / apply the same assumptions/expert judgment as in the updated inventory Basel, Rotterdam, Stockholm Conventions
    20. 20. Cooperation opportunities with 21Central America
    21. 21. Accomplishments in Central America 22for a regional PRTR
    22. 22. Importance on the comparability of PRTRs in 23an international perspective and advancesUNITAR PRTR Guidance In the coming years many more PRTRs are expected to be implemented throughout the world, particularly in Central and South American countries. While regulatory in structure and implementation, the TRI has created a forum for the American industry, communities, and government to collaborate on best practices regarding toxic chemicals. Similar outcomes have evolved in other countries that have established PRTRs. At present, regional systems have begun to complement single- nation PRTRs.
    23. 23. Using PRTR data at diferent levels: Chemical Specific, Facility Specific Data
    24. 24. Pollutants realeses and transfers REPORTE -------------- III -------------- -------------- REPORTE -------------- -------------- c REPORTE -------------- -------------- GAS II -------------- -------------- I a REPORTE -------------- -------------- -------------- b III REPORTE -------------- -------------- -------------- IV REPORTE -------------- -------------- -------------- III REPORTE -------------- -------------- -------------- V R. P.
    25. 25. UNITAR six steps methodology National Infrastructure Design of the workshop to assessment main PRTR identify PRTR (existing characteristics goals capacity) A national Development PRTR of the national A pilot trial workshop proposal
    26. 26. Thank You for your Attention Luis R. Sánchez-Cataño sanchezcatano@gmail.com luis.sanchez@cinam.org.mx

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